Our Hussain (a.s), Mourning him and his
By al-'Allama al-Sheikh al-Ameeni.
Translated by Shaun Astarabadi,
It is accepted to the Islamic nation, due
to the finality of the Prophethood and its particular concerns, that the holy
prophet (s.a.w) had the knowledge about the wars, trials and that which
happened to his family-house hold, their progeny, and relatives, more or less,
of the enormous tragedies, of the dark surprises of time, of the hard events,
wide killings, and to whatever else that has entered on them from torture,
trickery, ill-treatment, capture and imprisonment.
This knowledge of his (s.a.w) is from
among the wide, unconditional, and fully general (master) leadership on every
creation. As not acting on this information, using it for forgiveness and
patience (instead), as if nothing was going to occur, all while he could have
taken these men without any consequence. These unjust men of tyranny, men of
corruption, he (s.a.w) (could have taken them) using his knowledge of that he knew
of them. To uphold legal punishment before they attack, punish before the
crime, to sever the ties with the offending clan, not to have good relation
with the aggressors; and to send away those whom he knew of aggression bad
fortune and animosity to his family from his field, away from his person. All
of this is also from the concerns of the leadership. No human, ever, can carry
this heavy burden. While this knowledge and this forgiveness is not combined in
any of the sons of Adam. This cannot be conceived in any human except in one
who has the leadership (Wilayah).
This is an important subject, very wide,
form the sciences of religion, and if we were to go into its details we would
end up with a heavy book.
This condition caused the Messenger of
Allah (s.w.t) to look to all of these events and tragedies which were to
inflict his household, as long as he lived, the essence of his kidneys (Hassan
& Hussain), his love and a part of himself (Fatimah) and her cousin his
greatest supporter in truth (Ali) and from their good progeny; as if he was
viewing the events from behind a thin screen. Whenever he looked to one of
them, up close, his knowledge, as a matter of fact, would play the scenes
before his eyes. Therefore, for the length of his life, he displayed his sorrow
and depression among those close to him, naturally. His sorrow does not
separate from him; he lived with it, crying secretly, hiding the longing and
swallows the pain.
Whenever he found the appropriate
environment he would attempt to cure the pain of his heart, put off the heat in
his heart and the fire of sorrow by hugging one of his family close to his
chest, he would smell and kiss pouring his tears, with crying eyes and his tong
carries what amuses his feelings.
You would see him (s.a.w) holding on to
Ali (a.s), the master of his progeny, his cousin and father of his
"sons", in the middle of the road he would kiss him and repeat his
saying: "My father is your ransom. (You) The lonely the martyr." As
reported by 'Aesha, the mother of believers,
* al-Hafidh abu-Yaala al-Mousilly, in his
Musnad, and many scholars took from him.
Many of the narrators reported the correct
hadeeth of Ibn-Abbas: "I went out with the prophet (s.a.w) and Ali (a.s)
by the walls of Madinah, we passed by a garden. Ali (a.s) said: What a
beautiful garden this is Oh' prophet of Allah? He (the prophet) said: Your
garden in Paradise is more beautiful than this. Then he pointed with his hand
to his (Ali's) head and beard and cried till he was loudly crying. We said:
What makes you cry? He said: Hatred in the hearts of a people, they do not
display till they loose me."
In a narration according to Anas bin
Malik: "Then the prophet put his head on one of Ali's shoulders and cried.
He said to him: What makes you cry, Oh, messenger of Allah? He said: Hatred in
the chests of peoples, they don't display until I depart from this world."
Also, according to Ameerul Moemineen
(Ali): "When the road was clear for me, he hugged me and cried loudly. I
said: Oh messenger of Allah, what makes you cry? He said: Hatred in the chests
of peoples, they don't display to you until after me."
Sunni Ref. where all three narrations are
* Musnad al-Bazzaz;
* al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer, al-Tabarani
* Musnad abu-Ya'la
* Tareekh al-Sham, Ibn 'Asakir
* Majma' al-Haithami
* More references can be found in
"Al-Ghadeer", by al-Ameeni.
The prophet (sa.w) used to attend to his
(Ali's) patience and solidarity and say (s.a.w) to him (a.s): "How is your
patience if that was dyed (colored) from this? Pointing with his hand to his
beard and head. Ali said: Wasn't I tested when I was tested, so this is not
from among the things of patience, but it is from those of good tidings and
dignity." So the prophet (s.a.w) is pleased with such beautiful
expressions, which describes the greatness of Ali's self and his love in the
way of Allah, Almighty.
* al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer, al-Tabarani.
You see him (sa.w) embrace abu-Mohammad –
al-Hassan, the son, to his chest and kiss him on his mouth and navel, because
of what he knew that his contents from his mouth to his navel would be cut by
Then he would embrace Hussain, the son,
towards him to smell and kiss. To kiss the spots where swords, arrows and stabs
are to fall. He would concentrate on his lips, knowing that they will be hit by
He (s.a.w) mourns his Hussain, his flower
(as he used to call them), time after time, in the houses of the Mothers of the
Believers (his wives). Whenever his sorrow is hard on him, he would take the
Hussain in his lap and brings him along to the mosque, to the gathering of
Sahaba while crying. His tears falling, he would display to them the infant
Hussain with the sand of Karbala in his hand and say: "My nation (Ummah)
will kill him, and this is the dirt of Karbala." Or he would take the dirt
smell it and cry, with the mention of his murder and death, saying: "The
smell of Karb wa Balaa (sorrow and trial)." Or would say: "By The One
who owns my soul, it saddens me: Who is this who kills Hussain after me?"
Or would say: "Wow to 'Karb and Balaa'", or "Karbalaa: the land
of Karb (deep sorrow) and Balaa (painful trial)." Or puts Hussain on his
lap, with his red dirt in his hand, while crying and say: "I wish I could
express my self! Who kills you after me?"
You would see Fatima (as), when her father
(s) tells her that she is to catch up with him fast from among his family, it
pleases her to hear this news [*see references below]. He is but telling her
that the life of the family of Mohammed is surrounded by treachery and sad
surprises. If it were not for such fears, from those enormous tragedies pouring
into their field, why would Fatimah al-Zahraa dislike her life? Her happy life
ought to be the best life, most pleasant and greatest of pride: Having a husband
alike to her father in his virtues; having sons like Hussan and Hussain, the
flowers of the messenger of Allah (s.w.t), the masters of the youth of Paradise
- none equal, any beautiful description falls short; and from among the girls
such as Zainab, the jewel of completeness and honor.
* Sunni Ref:
* Musnad Ahmad, Ahmad bin Hanbal
* Musnad abu-Ya'la, abu-Ya'la al-Mousulli
* Musannaf Ibn Abi Sheiba
* al-Khasaes, al-Nisaei
* Saheeh al-Tirmithi
* Mushkil al-Athar, al-Tahawi
* al-'Ilal, al-Darqutni
* Huliat al-Abrar, abu-Naeem
* al-Dalael, al-Bayhaqi
* and many others via Umul Moemineen
So why is Fatimah, at that time,
displeased with life, when she is still in the beginning of her youth, has not
reached her aims and has not gotten what she hopes out of life?
Why would she ask her God to hasten her
death, when she has not attained what mothers wish to see in their sons? For
such hopes ease (mothers') pains and sweeten the bitterness of this world. They
sacrifice all to see these hopes come true. Why would she remove her hand from
her infants, clears her lap from them and accept orphaning them when they have
reach their beautiful youth?
Why would she be 'pleased' to wither her
flowers, the flowers of the family of Mohammed, while they are in their most
beautiful stage, and she has not attained their blossom? Why would she leave
her garden and the flowers have not opened?
Why would she like to separate from her
spouse and leave her love to accompany sorrow, pain and emptiness? His sorrow
after her is everlasting and his nights in her separation are insomnia?
Why is this happiness and pleasure in
becoming close to death?
All of this is nothing more than escaping
from the gravity of these tragedies that she knew well, taken from her father
the truthful. For Fatimah (as) did not imagine for herself or hope for a savior
or shelter which she could trust could give her peace and protection, except to
be near her Generous God and declining this life, inclusive of its bitterness
What can Fatimah do with life and she sees
her father (s), for the duration of his life, allied to sorrow? He spent his
life with a teary eye, a sorrowful heart and grief within him because of
distress over his family. He mourns for his son Hussain from the start of his
birth and on and on, when a baby, an infant, and a boy. Allah had taken the
houses of his prophet (s.a.w) places of sorrow and crying since the birth of
dear Hussain. The angels of his god arrive to him (a.s) in groups and singular,
time after time, every now and then, announcing (the future death) of Hussain,
they bring him his red dirt (earth) symbolizing in that his upcoming murder and
These are important Islamic historic
events, a slice of which history did recorded for us, even though, due to the
past circumstances only little reached us. Here is a brief list for you.
A rite (maatam) in the house of the
Messenger of Allah (s.a.w)
"Ahmed and Ibn al-Dhahhak narrated
from Ali (ra), said: I entered on the prophet (s.a.w) and his eyes a flooded, I
said: Oh! Prophet of Allah, anyone made you angry? Why are your eyes flooded?
He said: Gabriel just left me telling me that Hussain will be killed by the
river Euphrates. He (prophet) said: So he (Gabriel) said: Do you want me to let
you smell his dirt (from his burial pot)? I said: yes! He reached with his hand
and grabbed and handful of dirt and gave it to me. So I could not help it and
my eyes were flooded."
* Thakhaer al-Uqba, Muhibbuldeen
A rite of infancy
"Abu Abdullah Mohammed bin Ali
al-Jawhari, in Baghdad, told us: Abul Ahwas Mohammed bin al-Haitham al-Qadhi,
from Mohammed bin Musaab, from al-Awzaei, from abi Ammar Shaddad bin Abdullah,
from Ummul Fadhl the daughter of al-Harith. That she entered on the Messenger of
Allah (s.a.w) and she said: Oh! Messenger of Allah, I saw a strange dream last
night. He said: And what is it? She said: It is difficult. He said: And what is
it? She said: I saw, as if, a piece of your body was severed and was put in my
lap! The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: You saw good - Fatima will give
birth, God willing, a boy so he will be in your lap. Then Fatima gave birth to
al-Hussain and he was in my lap - just as the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said.
So I entered one day on the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) and put his in his lap,
but I noticed that the eyes of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) pouring tears!
She said: So I said: Oh! Prophet of Allah, my parents are your ransom, what is
with you? He said: Gabriel (pbuh) came to me and informed me that my nation
(ummah) will kill this son of mine. I said: This one? He said: Yes, and he
brought me dirt from his red dirt."
al-Hakim said: This is a correct hadeeth
(Saheeh) on the conditions of (Bukhari and Muslim) but they did not print it.
He produced it in page 179, he said: Narrated abu al-Abbas Muhammad bin
Ya'qoob, Muhammad bin Is-haq al-Sana'ni, Muhammad bin Isma'eel bin abi
Summaiya, Muhammad bin Mus'ab, al-Awza'ei, abi Ammar that Ummul Fadhl said: The
messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said - while Hussain in his lap - that "Gabriel
(a.s) informed me that my nation (ummati) kills al-Hussain."
He (al-Hakim) said: Ibn abi Summaiya has
summarized this hadeeth. Other than Muhammad bin Mus'ab have narrated it in
* al-Mustadrak al-Saheeh, al-Hafidh
al-Hakim al-Nisapouri, v3, p176.
* Dalael al-Nubouwa, al-Hafidh al-Baihaqi.
It was produced by al-Hafidh al-Baihaqi in
"Dalael al-Nubouwa" under the subject of Hussain (a.s). He said:
Muhammad bin Abdullah al-Haifdh (al-Hakim al Nisapouri), abu Abdullah Mohammed
bin Ali al-Jawhari in Baghdad, with the same narrators and text, as mentioned.
Al-Hafidh bin 'Asakir in Tareekh al-Shamm
(History of Shamm) said: abu 'Abdullah al-Gharawi, abu-Bakr al-Baihaqi,
Muhammad bin 'Abdullah al-Hafidh, the same as above.
Also said: Informed us abu al-Qasim bin
al-Samarqandi, abu al-Hussain bin al-Naqoor, abu al-Hassan Ahmad bin Muhammad
bin Umran (known as ibnul Jundi) abu Rawq Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Bakr
al-Harati, al-'Abbas bin al-Faraj al-Raqqashi, Muhammad bin Ismaeel abu
Summaiya, Muhammad bin Mus'ab supported as follows:
"I saw, Oh Messenger of Allah, a
sighting I find too great to describe to you. He said: Tell it. She said: I saw
as if a piece of you was cut and put in my lap! He (s.a.w) said: Fatima is pregnant,
she will give birth to a boy whom I will name Hussain and she will put him in
your lap. She said: So Fatimah gave birth to Hussain and he was in my lap, to
take care of him, so he entered on me one day and Hussain was with me and
started playing with him for a while. Then his eyes filled with tears, so I
said: what makes you cry? He said: This is Gabriel informing me that my nation
(ummati) kills this son of mine!"
All the narrators are trusted and the
hadeeth is "saheeh".
A rite in the house of al-Sayyidah Ummu
Salamah, Ummul Moemineen
Narration by Ya'la bin 'Ubaid, Musa
al-Jahani, Salih bin Arbad al-Nakhei, Ummu Salamah said: "al-Hussain
entered on the prophet (s.a.w), while I was sitting at the door, so I saw in
the hand of the prophet (s.a.w) something he turned over while (Hussain)
sleeping on his stomach. I said: Oh messenger of Allah, I looked and saw you
turning something over in your hand when the kid was sleeping on your stomach
and your tears were pouring? He said: Jibraeel came to me with the sand upon
which he will be killed. And he informed me that my nation (umma) will kill
* al-Musannaf, by al-Hafidh abu Bakr bin
abi Shaibah, v 12
Narrated al-Hussain bin Is-haq al-Tustury,
Ali bin Bahr, Issa bin Younis. And 'Ubaid bin Ghannam, abu-Bakr bin abi
Sheibah, Ya'la bin 'Ubaid, the both said: Mousa bin Salih al Juhani, Salih bin
Arbad, from Ummu Salama (ra) said: "The messenger of Allah said: Sit at
the door, and don't let anyone enter on me. So I sat at the door, then Hussain
(a.s) came by so I went to take him, but he raced me and entered on his
grandfather. When that took long, I peaked from the door and saw you turning
something in your hands and your tears running, and the kid on your stomach? He
said: Yes, Gabriel (a.s) came to me and informed me that my nation (umma) will
kill him. He brought me the sand on which he will be killed, which I was
turning in my hands."
* al-Moejam al-Kabeer, al-Hafidh
al-Tabarani, Subject of the martyr al-Hussain
A rite in the house of al-Sayyidah 'Aesha,
Narrated Ali bin Mohammad, 'Uthman bin
Muqsim, al-Muqbari, from 'Aesha said: "While the messenger of Allah
(s.a.w) was laying down, al-Hussain came crawling towards him so I moved him
away from him and I got up to do something. So he got close to him and he woke
up crying. So I said: What makes you cry? He said that: Gabriel showed me the
sand on which Hussain will be killed. The anger of Allah is great on whomever
sheds his blood. He opened his hands, in which a grab of sand. He said: Oh,
'Aesha, by the One whom my soul is in His hands, it saddens me! Who is this
from my nation (umma) who kills Hussain after I am gone?!"
All the men of the narration are
documented as trusted.
* al-Taba'qat al-Kubra, Ibn Saad
A rite in a gathering of the companions
Mu'awiya bin Husham, Ali bin Salih, Yazeed
bin abi Ziad, Ibraheem (bin Yazeed al-Nakhei), 'Alqama (bin Qays al-Nakhei),
'Abdullah bin Masoud said: "While we were at the (house of) messenger of
Allah (s.a.w) , a group from Bani Hashim approached. When the prophet (s.a.w)
saw them his eyes overflowed and his color changed. I said to him: We see
something you hate in your face? He said: We are the people of the household
(Ahlul Bayt) Allah has chosen for us the thereafter over this world and that
the family of my household will encounter after me trials, dispersement and
expulsion. Until a people come forward from the east, along with them black
flags, they ask for justice but it is not offered. So they fight and strike and
are then given what they asked for. They don't accept it until they push it
forward to a man from my Ahlul Bayt. Then he fills it with justice as they
filled it with injustice. Therefore, whomever lives to see that from among you
should come to them, even if crawling on the snow."
All the men of narration are trustworthy,
* al-Musannaf, al-Hafidh abu-Bakr bin abi
Shaibah, v 12
* al-Sunan al-Saheeh, Ibn Majeh, v 2, p
518, section of appearance of the Mahdi
* al-Hafidh abu-Jaafar al-'Uqayli (with
the addition: "We said: Oh, messenger of Allah - We are not happy to see
in your face something you hate." )
* al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v 4, p 464.
* Akhbar Asbahan, by al-Hafidh abu Naeem
al-Asbahani, v 2, p 12.
* al-Moejam al-Kabeer, al-Tabarani, v 3.
A rite in Karbala by the father of the
martyr, the Commander of Believers Ali (as)
Muhammad bin 'Ubaid, Sharhabeel bin
Mudrik, Abdullah bin Naji: "his father walked with Ali (a.s), when they
reached Nainawa, the departure point to Siffien, Ali called: Be patient aba
'Abdullah! Be patient aba 'Abdullah at the river al-Furat (Euphrates)! I said:
And what? He said: I entered on the messenger of Allah (s.w.t) one day and his
eyes overflowing. I said: Oh, prophet of Allah! Anybody angered you? Why are
your eyes overflowing (with tears)? He said: But Gabriel just left me and
informed me: That al-Hussain will be killed at the river al-Furat (Shattul
Furat). He said: Do you want me to show you from his sand? He said: I said yes.
He extended his hand and grabbed and handful of dirt and gave it to me. So I
could not help it, my eyes overflowed."
* al-Masnad, Ahmad bin Hanbal, v 2, pp
Ibn Saad, Ali bin Muhammad, Yahya bin
Zakariya, a man heard it from 'Amir al-Sha'bi say: "When Ali (a.s) passed
by Karbalaa in his march to Siffien and lined up with Nainawa - a village on
the Euphrates - he stopped and called one of them men: Tell aba 'Abdullah
(al-Hussain ) what this land is called? He said: Karbalaa. Then he cried until
the earth was wet from his tears. He then said: I entered on the messenger of
Allah (s.w.t) and he was crying. So I said: What makes you cry? He said:
Gabriel was with me, just now, and informed me: that my son al-Hussain will be
killed at the banks of Furat in a location called Karbala. Then Gabriel grabbed
a handful of dirt and let me smell it. So I could not help it, my eyes
* al-Tabaqat, Ibn Saad
* al-Musannaf, Ibn Abi Shaibeh, v12 (with
"Patience aba 'Abdullah, patience aba 'Abdullah."
* al-Moejam al-Kabeer, al-Tabarani, v 1
* Tareekh al-Shamm, Ibn 'Asakir