A'isha: Widow of the Prophet (pbuh)
and a leader during Jamal Confrontation.
Abbas: Brother of Imam Husain, flag-bearer
Abu Sufyan: Leader of Benu Umayya,
Mu'awiya's father, was inveterate enemy of Islam.
AbuMusa Ash'ari: Governor fired by
Imam Ali, was selected to arbitrate after Siffin.
Ahlul Bayt: The household of the Prophet (s), consisting of Ali, Fatima, al-Hasan, al-Husayn and the 9 Imams descending from al-Husayn (peace be upon them all).
AlFarazdaq: A famous poet.
AlNu'man Ibn alBasheer: Governor
over Kufa replaced by Ibn Ziyad through Yazid's order.
Ali Akbar: Son of Imam Al-Husain,
martyred in Karbala.
Ali Asghar: Baby of Imam Al-Husain,
martyred in Karbala.
Ammar Ibn Yasir: A famous highly
revered Companion, on Ali's side, killed in Siffin.
Amr Ibnil Aas: A cunning deceptive
person, in Mu'awiya's camp, arbitrator after Siffin.
Ash'ath Ibn Qais: A spy General in
Ali's armed forces, also the father of Joda (wife of Al-Hasan).
BaniAsad: The tribe that buried Al-Husain
and the other martyrs of Karbala.
Basrah: An important town in south
Benu Umayya: A clan known to be power
hungry, greedy, and materialistic, of Mu'awiya.
Byzantines: The Christian superpower
ruling over Syria and Egypt that lost to Islam.
Hani Ibn Urwah: The man who helped
Muslim Ibn Aqeel in Kufa and lost his life for the cause.
Hur Ibn Yazid alRiyahi: The Commander
of the enemy force who defected to the side of Imam Husain.
Ibn Muljim: The killer of Imam Ali
while Ali was performing Salat Al-Subh.
Ibn Ziyad: The Governor over Kufa
responsible for the atrocities of Karbala.
Imam: The 12 Divinely Commissioned
leaders of the Ummah after the Prophet (pbuh).
Imam AlHasan (a.s.): The second Divinely
Commissioned Imam, and the brother of Imam Husain.
Imam Ali (a.s.): The first Divinely
Commissioned Imam, and the father of Imam Hasan and Husain.
Imam Husain (a.s.): The third Divinely
Commissioned Imam, hero of Karbala, brother of Imam Hasan.
Iraq: Country in which Imam Husain
suffered at the hands of its military.
Jamal: Battle imposed on Ali by A'isha,
Talha, and Zubair.
Joda: Wife of Imam Al-Hasan, who
poisoned him when enticed by Mu'awiya.
Karbala: The site of the ugliest
atrocities committed against Al-Husain, his family and devotees, but Karbala
saved Islam from disintegration in an indirect way.
Khalifa: Head of state after the
Kharijies: The outsiders who turned
against Ali, then killed him while he was praying.
Medina: Famous town of the Prophet
(pbuh) in Arabia.
Mu'awiya: Of Benu Umayya clan, brother
of Yazid, also father of the infamous Yazid of Karbala.
Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr: Brother of
A'isha who fought on Ali's side during Battle of Jamal.
Mukhtar AlThaqafi: Loyalist of Ahlul
Muslim Ibn Aqeel: Cousin of Al-Husain
and his emissary to Kufa, killed by Ibn Ziyad.
Omar: The second Khalifa who appointed
Mu'awiya as the Governor over Syria.
Quraish: The clan of the Prophet
Shimr Bin DhilJawshan: The killer
of Imam Husain, his name will remain in infamy.
Siffin: Battle imposed on Ali by
Syria: Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine
nowadays used to be called Syria.
Talha: Sahaabi, leader during Jamal
Confrontation, killed during that battle.
Tulaqaa': Denigrating term used by
Muhammad (pbuh) for the disbelievers who had to become Muslims after Mecca
was triumphed over.
Umar Ibn Sa'ad: Commander-in-chief
of the military forces against Imam Husain in Karbala.
Umm Habiba: Sister of Mu'awiya, daughter
of Abu Sufyan, wife of the Prophet (pbuh).
Uthman: The third Khalifa killed
by the protesting Muslims.
Waleed Ibn Ut'ba: Governor over Medina
when Yazid son of Mu'awiya declared his rulership.
Yazid son of Abu Sufyan: Brother
of Mu'awiya, governor of Syria for a few years until he died.
Yazid son of Mu'awiya: Son of Mu'awiya,
the infamous despicable ruler, cause of Karbala tragedy.
Zainab: Sister of Al-Husain, heroin
of Karbala, losing her children for the cause.
Zubair: Sahaabi, leader during Jamal
Confrontation, refused to fight during that battle.