It is accepted to the Islamic nation, due to the finality of the
prophethood and its particular concerns, that the holy prophet
(s) had the knowledge about the wars , trials and that which
happened to his family-house hold, their progeny, and relatives,
more or less, of the enormous tragedies, of the dark surprises
of time, of the hard events, wide killings, and to whatever else
that has entered on them from torture, trickery, ill-treatment,
capture and imprisonment.
This knowledge of his (s) is from among the wide, unconditional,
and fully general (master) leadership on every creation. As not
acting on this information, using it for forgiveness and patience
(instead) , as if nothing was going to occur, all while he could
have taken these men without any consequence. These unjust men
of tyranny, men of corruption, he (s) (could have taken them)
using his knowledge of that he knew of them. To uphold legal
punishment before they attack, punish before the crime, to sever
the ties with the offending clan, not to have good relation with
the aggressors; and to send away those whom he knew of aggression
bad fortune and animosity to his family from his field, away from
his person. All of this is also from the concerns of the leadership.
No human, ever, can carry this heavy burden. While this knowledge
and this forgiveness is not combined in any of the sons of Adam.
This can not be conceived in any human except in one who has
the leadership (Wilayeh).
This is an important subject, very wide, form the sciences of
religion, if we were to go into its details we would end up with
a heavy book.
This condition caused the Messenger of Allah (s) to look to all
of these events and tragedies which were to inflict his household,
as long as he lived, the essence of his kidneys (Hassan &
Hussain), his love and a part of himself (Fatima) and her cousin
his greatest supporter in truth (Ali) and from their good progeny;
as if he was viewing the events from behind a thin screen. Whenever
he looked to one of them, up close, his knowledge, as a matter
of fact, would play the scenes before his eyes. Therefore, for
the length of his life, he displayed his sorrow and depression
among those close to him, naturally. His sorrow does not separate
from him, he lived with it, crying secretly, hiding the longing
and swallows the pain.
Whenever he found the appropriate environment he would attempt
to cure the pain of his heart, put off the heat in his heart and
the fire of sorrow by hugging one of his family close to his chest,
he would smell and kiss pouring his tears, with crying eyes and
his tong carries what amuses his feelings.
You would see him (s) holding on to Ali (as), the master of his
progeny, his cousin and father of his "sons", in the
middle of the road he would kiss him and repeat his saying:
"My father is your ransom. (You) The lonely the martyr."
As reported by Mrs. 'Aesha, the mother of believers,
Many of the narrators reported the correct hadeeth of Ibn-Abbas:
"I went out with the prophet (s) and
Ali (ra) by the walls of Madina, we passed by a garden. Ali (ra)
said: What a beautiful garden this is Oh' prophet of Allah? He
(the prophet) said: Your garden in Paradise is more beautiful
than this. Then he pointed with his hand to his (Ali's) head
and beard and cried till he was loudly crying. We said: What
makes you cry? He said: Hatred in the hearts of a people, they
do not display till they loose me."
In a narration according to Anas bin Malik: "Then
the prophet put his head on one of Ali's shoulders and cried.
He said to him: What makes you cry, Oh, messenger of Allah?
He said: Hatred in the chests of peoples, they don't display
until I depart from this world."
Also, according to Ameerul Moemineen (Ali): "When
the road was clear for me, he hugged me and cried loudly. I said:
Oh messenger of Allah, what makes you cry? He said: Hatred
in the chests of peoples, they don't display to you until after
The prophet (s) used to attend to his (Ali's) patience and solidarity
and say (s) to him (as): "How is
your patience if that was dyed (colored) from this? Pointing with
his hand to his beard and head. Ali said: Wasn't I tested when
I was tested, so this is not from among the things of patience,
but it is from those of good tidings and dignity."
So the prophet (s) is pleased with such beautiful expressions,
which describes the greatness of Ali's self and his love in the
way of Allah, Almighty.
Then he would embrace the Hussain, the son, towards him to smell
and kiss. To kiss the spots where swords, arrows and stabs are
to fall. He would concentrate on his lips, knowing that they
will be hit by the rod.
He (s) mourns his Hussain, his flower (as he used to call them),
time after time, in the houses of the Mothers of the Believers
(his wives). Whenever his sorrow is hard on him, he would take
the Hussain in his lap and brings him along to the mosque, to
the gathering of Sahaba while crying. His tears falling, he
would display to them the infant Hussain with the sand of Karbalaa
in his hand and say: "My nation (Ummah)
will kill him, and this is the dirt of Karbalaa."
Or he would take the dirt smell it and cry, with the mention
of his murder and death, saying: "The
smell of Karb wa Balaa (sorrow and trial)." Or
would say: "By The One who owns my
soul, it saddens me: Who is this who kills Hussain after me?"
Or would say: "Wow to 'Karb and Balaa'",
or "Karbalaa: the land of Karb (deep sorrow) and Balaa (painful
trial)." Or puts Hussain on his lap, with his
red dirt in his hand, while crying and say: "I
wish I could express my self! Who kills you after me?"
You would see Fatima (as), when her father (s) tells her that
she is to catch up with him fast from among his family, it pleases
her to hear this news [*see references below]. He is but telling
her that the life of the family of Mohammed is surrounded by treachery
and sad surprises. If it were not for such fears, from those
enormous tragedies pouring into their field, why would the Zahraa-Fatima
dislike her life? Her happy life ought to be the best life, most
pleasant and greatest of pride: Having a husband alike to her
father in his virtues; having sons like the Hussan and Hussain,
the flowers of the messenger of Allah (s), the masters of the
youth of Paradise - none equal, any beautiful description falls
short; and from among the girls such as Zainab, the jewel of completeness
Why would she ask her God to hasten her death, when she has not
attained what mothers wish to see in their sons? For such hopes
ease (mothers') pains and sweeten the bitterness of this world.
They sacrifice all to see these hopes come true. Why would she
remove her hand from her infants, clears her lap from them and
accept orphaning them when they have reach their beautiful youth?
Why would she be 'pleased' to wither her flowers, the flowers
of the family of Mohammed, while they are in their most beautiful
stage, and she has not attained their blossom? Why would she
leave her garden and the flowers have not opened?
Why would she like to separate from her spouse and leave her love
to accompany sorrow, pain and emptiness. His sorrow after her
is everlasting and his nights in her separation is insomnia?
Why is this happiness and pleasure in becoming close to death?
All of this is nothing more than escaping from the gravity of
these tragedies which she knew well, taken from her father the
truthful. For Fatima (as) did not imagine for herself or hope
for a savior or shelter which she could trust could give her peace
and protection, except to be near her Generous God and declining
this life, inclusive of its bitterness and sweetness.
What can Fatima do with life and she sees her father (s), for
the duration of his life, allied to sorrow? He spent his life
with a teary eye, a sorrowful heart and grief within him because
of distress over his family. He mourns for his son-Hussain from
the start of his birth and on and on, when a baby, an infant,
and a boy. Allah had taken the houses of his prophet (s) places
of sorrow and crying since the birth of dear Hussain. The angels
of his god arrive to him (s) in groups and singular, time after
time, every now and then, announcing (the future death) of Hussain,
they bring him his red dirt (earth) symbolizing in that his upcoming
murder and death.
These are important Islamic historic events, a slice of which
history did recorded for us, even though, due to the past circumstances
only little reached us. Here is a brief list for you.
"Ahmed and Ibn al-Dhahhak narrated
from Ali (ra), said: I entered on the prophet (s) and his eyes
a flooded, I said: Oh! Prophet of Allah, anyone made you angry?
Why are your eyes flooded? He said: Gabriel just left me telling
me that Hussain will be killed by the river Euphrates. He (prophet)
said: So he (Gabriel) said: Do you want me to let you smell his
dirt (from his burial pot)? I said: yes! He reached with his
hand and grabbed and handful of dirt and gave it to me. So I could
not help it and my eyes were flooded."
"Abu Abdullah Mohammed bin Ali al-Jawhari,
in Baghdad, told us: Abul Ahwas Mohammed bin al-Haitham al-Qadhi,
from Mohammed bin Musaab, from al-Awzaei, from abi Ammar Shaddad
bin Abdullah, from Ummul Fadhl the daughter of al-Harith. That
she entered on the Messenger of Allah (s) and she said: Oh! Messenger
of Allah, I saw a strange dream last night. He said: And what
is it? She said: It is difficult. He said: And what is it? She
said: I saw, as if, a piece of your body was severed and was put
in my lap! The Messenger of Allah (s) said: You saw good - Fatima
will give birth, God willing, a boy so he will be in your lap.
Then Fatima gave birth to al-Hussain and he was in my lap - just
as the Messenger of Allah (s) said. So I entered one day on the
Messenger of Allah (s) and put his in his lap, but I noticed that
the eyes of the Messenger of Allah (s) pouring tears! She said:
So I said: Oh! Prophet of Allah, my parents are your ransom, what
is with you? He said: Gabriel (pbuh) came to me and informed
me that my nation (ummah) will kill this son of mine. I said:
This one? He said: Yes, and he brought me dirt from his red dirt."
al-Hakim said: This is a correct hadeeth (Saheeh) on the conditions
of (Bukhari and Muslim) but they did not print it. He produced
it in page 179, he said: Narrated abu al-Abbas Muhammad bin Ya'qoob,
Muhammad bin Is-haq al-Sana'ni, Muhammad bin Isma'eel bin abi
Summaiya, Muhammad bin Mus'ab, al-Awza'ei, abi Ammar that Ummul
Fadhl said: The messenger of Allah (s) said - while Hussain in
his lap - that "Gabriel (as) informed
me that my nation (ummati) kills al-Hussain."
He (al-Hakim) said: Ibn abi Summaiya has summarized this hadeeth.
Other than Muhammad bin Mus'ab have narrated it in full.
Al-Hafidh bin 'Asakir in Tareekh al-Shamm (History of Shamm) said:
abu 'Abdullah al-Gharawi, abu-Bakr al-Baihaqi, Muhammad bin 'Abdullah
al-Hafidh, the same as above.
Also said: Informed us abu al-Qasim bin al-Samarqandi, abu al-Hussain
bin al-Naqoor, abu al-Hassan Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Umran (known
as ibnul Jundi) abu Rawq Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Bakr al-Harati,
al-'Abbas bin al-Faraj al-Raqqashi, Muhammad bin Ismaeel abu Summaiya,
Muhammad bin Mus'ab supported as follows:
"I saw, Oh Messenger of Allah, a sighting
I find too great to describe to you. He said: Tell it. She said:
I saw as if a piece of you was cut and put in my lap! He (s) said:
Fatima is pregnant, she will give birth to a boy whom I will name
Hussain and she will put him in your lap. She said: So Fatima
gave birth to Hussain and he was in my lap, to take care of him,
so he entered on me one day and Hussain was with me and started
playing with him for a while. Then his eyes filled with tears,
so I said: what makes you cry? He said: This is Gabriel informing
me that my nation (ummati) kills this son of mine!"
All the narrators are trusted and the hadeeth is "saheeh".
Narration by Ya'la bin 'Ubaid, Musa al-Jahani, Salih bin Arbad
al-Nakhei, Ummu Salamah said: "al-Hussain
entered on the prophet (s), while I was sitting at the door, so
I saw in the hand of the prophet (s) something he turned over
while (Hussain) sleeping on his stomach. I said: Oh messenger
of Allah, I looked and saw you turning something over in your
hand when the kid was sleeping on your stomach and your tears
were pouring? He said: Jibraeel came to me with the sand upon
which he will be killed. And he informed me that my nation (umma)
will kill him."
Narrated al-Hussain bin Is-haq al-Tustury, Ali bin Bahr, Issa
bin Younis. And 'Ubaid bin Ghannam, abu-Bakr bin abi Sheibah,
Ya'la bin 'Ubaid, the both said: Mousa bin Salih al Juhani, Salih
bin Arbad, from Ummu Salama (ra) said:
"The messenger of Allah said: Sit at the door, and don't
let anyone enter on me. So I sat at the door, then Hussain (ra)
came by so I went to take him, but he raced me and entered on
his grandfather. When that took long, I peaked from the door
and saw you turning something in your hands and your tears running,
and the kid on your stomach? He said: Yes, Gabriel (as) came
to me and informed me that my nation (umma) will kill him. He
brought me the sand on which he will be killed, which I was turning
in my hands."
Narrated Ali bin Mohammad, 'Uthman bin Muqsim, al-Muqbari, from
'Aesha said: "While the messenger
of Allah (s) was laying down, al-Hussain came crawling towards
him so I moved him away from him and I got up to do something.
So he got close to him and he woke up crying. So I said: What
makes you cry? He said that: Gabriel showed me the sand on which
Hussain will be killed. The anger of Allah is great on whomever
sheds his blood. He opened his hands, in which a grab of sand.
He said: Oh, 'Aesha, by the One whom my soul is in His hands,
it saddens me! Who is this from my nation (umma) who kills Hussain
after I am gone?!"
All the men of the narration are documented as trusted.
Mu'awiya bin Husham, Ali bin Salih, Yazeed bin abi Ziad, Ibraheem
(bin Yazeed al-Nakhei), 'Alqama (bin Qays al-Nakhei), 'Abdullah
bin Masoud said: "While we were at
the (house of) messenger of Allah (s) , a group from Bani Hashim
approached. When the prophet (s) saw them his eyes overflowed
and his color changed. I said to him: We see something you hate
in your face? He said: We are the people of the household (Ahlul
Bayte) Allah has chosen for us the thereafter over this world
and that the family of my household will encounter after me trials,
dispersement and expulsion. Until a people come forward from
the east, along with them black flags, they ask for justice but
it is not offered. So they fight and strike and are then given
what they asked for. They don't accept it until they push it
forward to a man from my Ahlul Bayte. Then he fills it with justice
as they filled it with injustice. Therefore, whomever lives to
see that from among you should come to them, even if crawling
on the snow."
All the men of narration are trustworthy, as recorded.
Muhammad bin 'Ubaid, Sharhabeel bin Mudrik, Abdullah bin Naji:
"his father walked with Ali (ra),
when they reached Nainawa, the departure point to Siffien, Ali
called: Be patient aba 'Abdullah! Be patient aba 'Abdullah at
the river al-Furat (Euphrates)! I said: And what? He said: I
entered on the messenger of Allah (s) one day and his eyes overflowing.
I said: Oh, prophet of Allah! Anybody angered you? Why are your
eyes overflowing (with tears)? He said: But Gabriel just left
me and informed me: That al-Hussain will be killed at the river
al-Furat (Shattul Furat). He said: Do you want me to show you
from his sand? He said: I said yes. He extended his hand and
grabbed and handful of dirt and gave it to me. So I could not
help it, my eyes overflowed."
Ibn Saad, Ali bin Muhammad, Yahya bin Zakariya, a man heard it
from 'Amir al-Sha'bi say: "When Ali
(as) passed by Karbalaa in his march to Siffien and lined up with
Nainawa - a village on the Euphrates - he stopped and called one
of them men: Tell aba 'Abdullah (al-Hussain ) what this land is
called? He said: Karbalaa. Then he cried until the earth was
wet from his tears. He then said: I entered on the messenger
of Allah (s) and he was crying. So I said: What makes you cry?
He said: Gabriel was with me, just now, and informed me: that
my son al-Hussain will be killed at the banks of Furat in a location
called Karbalaa. Then Gabriel grabbed a handful of dirt and let
me smell it. So I could not help it, my eyes overflowed."