Imam Musa Kazim(A.S)
Name - Musa
Title - Al-Kadhim
Kunyat - Abu Ibrahim
Born - Sunday 7st of Safarb 128 A.H. , at Abwa (Between Mecca and Medina)
Father's Name - Ja'far ibn Muhammad
Mother's Name - Hamida Khatoon
Died - At the age of 55 years, at Baghdad, on Friday, 25th Rajab 183 AH. Poisoned by
Harun-al-Rashid the Abbaside caliph
Buried - Kazmain, Baghdad .
A Brief Look in His Life
His Parents & Birth:
- Umme Hamida was a slave girl who was brought to Madina and bought by the 5th Imam for
his son for 17 dirhams. The first thing that he told her was : "You are Hamida
(the praised one) in this world and Mahmuda (praiseworthy) in the hereafter".
When the women of Madina used to come to the 6th Imam to ask masails he used to send them
to Umme Hamida saying: "Her answers will be those given by me".
- Imam Musa Al-Kadhim (a.s.) was born in Abwa (a place between Mecca and Madina). It is
here that Bibi Amina (Prophet Muhammad's (S.A.W.) mother) is buried. Imam was born when
his parents were returning from Mecca. As soon as he was born he did Sajda reciting Kalima
and bearing witness to the Imaamate of all the other Imams including his own.
- He is one of the Imams whose miracles in childhood are reported extensively. Imam Ja'fer
As-Sadiq (A.S.) repeatedly pointed out Imam Musa Al-Kadhim (a.s.) as his successor because
he knew of the people who after his death would differ.
(N.B. The Ismailis say Ismail (Imams eldest son who died whilst Imam Ja'fer Sadiq (a.s.)
was still alive) was the 7th Imam. One of the 6th Imam's other sons - Abdullah also
- Yaqub Al-Saraaj visited the 6th Imam once who told him to greet his son Musa who was a
week old in his cradle. Imam Musa replied to the salaam and told Yaqub to change his
daughters name (Humayra) as it was a name not liked by Allah.
Safwan (a companion of the 6th Imam) once saw the young Imam Musa teaching the lamb he was
playing with to prostrate to Allah.
Once when Imam was 5 years old, Abu Hanifa came to visit the 6th Imam. He asked Imam Musa
(a.s.): "O son of the Prophet! What is your opinion about the deeds of man? Does
he do them on his own free will or does God make him do them?".
The 7th Imam replied : "The doings of man can have three possibilities:
- God compels a man to do them whilst he is helpless.
- Both God and man share the commitment.
- Man does them alone.
If the first is true than God cannot punish man for sins he did not commit.
If the second is true than too God cannot punish man for he is an equal partner.
Then, we are naturally left with the third, that man is absolutely responsible for his own
- His Titles
- (These were used to avoid using Imams name as the very mention of it would lead to
arrest, torture, harassment and/or death.)
Babul Hawaaij (Door of fulfilment of needs). Even after his death people have their
needs fulfilled and do not return empty handed from his shrine (Ask especially for cure of
physical illnesses, especially eyes).
Kadhim (One who swallows his anger). Imam Musa (a.s.) lived in an era when the
rulers were the cruellest ever. Their hatred for the Ahlul Bayt and their followers was
intense. Imam's followers were constantly harassed and tortured. The last 19 years of his
life was spent in prison. Despite all these hardships, he was always patient spending
entire nights in the worship of Allah. His character even converted the prison wardens
His Life & Works (Imamate)
- When his father was martyred (poisoned by the ruler Mansur Dawanaqi), Mansur asked the
governor of Madina to behead all the trustees Imam had left. The governor (called
Sulayman) wrote back to say that the 6th Imam had left 5 trustees of whom he (Mansur) was
the first and Sulayman the second followed by Abdullah, Umme Hamida and Imam Musa (a.s.).
Mansur kept quiet.
After the 6th Imam's death Mansur encouraged the Ismaili sect to develop although he knew
that Ismail had died 20 years before. At the same time the 6th Imam's other son Abdullah
claimed Imamate (however he only lived 17 days after that).
Mansur was busy building Baghdad after that (although the torture and killing of the
followers of Ahlul Bayt continued) and left Imam Musa (a.s.) for a while in which Imam had
a little time to teach true Islam.
When Mansur died his son Mahdi came to power in 158 a.h. He increased the atrocities on
the family and followers of Ahlul Bayt. Imam Musa (a.s.) advised his followers to practise
Taqiyya (meaning not to show ones faith outwardly). Mahdi called Imam to Baghdad and
imprisoned him releasing him after a while.
After Mahdi came his son Musa who assumed the title Haadi. He only ruled for 15 months but
the atrocities continued.
After the death of Haadi came his brother Harun Rashid. It was he who introduced
Backgammon, Chess and Music as Islamic culture (they are Haraam). Harun was told of the
popularity of Imam Musa (a.s.) by Muhammad bin Ismail (Imam's nephew) and about the
collection of khums.
Harun was furious and wanting to prove his relationship to the Prophet went to the
Prophets grave and greeted the Prophet addressing him as his uncle. Imam Musa (a.s.) was
there and he addressed the Prophet as his grandfather. Imam then asked Harun that if the
Prophet were to come and ask Harun for his daughters hand in marriage would he agree?
Harun said "Yes". Imam said "That is the difference between you and me - my
daughter would be haraam for the Prophet (mahram)".
Harun had Imam arrested in the Prophet's mosque whilst Imam was praying. He was handcuffed
and shackled and sent to Basra. A similar caravan was sent to Baghdad to fool Imam's
followers. Imam was put into prison under the custody of Isa bin Ja'fer. After a year Isa
wrote to Harun saying he could no longer imprison Imam as he could find only piety and
righteousness in him.
Harun had Imam moved to Baghdad under the custody of Fadhl bin Rabi who too became a
follower of Imam. The prisons were so small that there was no room to stand and the food
was a cup of water and two pieces of dry bread a day. Imam remained patient.
Harun also hired people to kill Imam (It is reported that they were from England). They
too on seeing Imam cried and refused to murder him even though they were paid to do so.
Harun finally moved Imam in the care of Sindi bin Shahak (a very cruel man). Imam remained
in prison for the last 19 years of his life.
The 19 years of imprisonment gave the Shia population a little relief as the rulers
concentrated on Imam. It enabled the Shias to disperse from Arabia to Iran, India etc.
thus spreading Islam and it was one of the factors towards the popularity of the 8th Imam.
Summary of his Life Works
- In a situation in which the family and followers of the Ahlul Bayt were being murdered
and tortured Imam taught the true word of Allah. Through his character and piety he showed
the meaning of tabligh living up to the hadith of the 6th Imam:
"Acquire a true Muslim character and that shall spread Islam".
In 183 a.h. Sindi had Imam killed with poisoned dates. Another narration says Imam was
wrapped in a carpet and he was suffocated and stamped on. His body was left on the bridge
of Baghdad and an announcement was made for all to come and see him.
N.B. It was a ploy to encourage Shias to come out in anger so they could be identified.
When Harun Rashid's brother Sulayman heard of this he was furious and arranged for his
burial in a Quraysh cemetery outside Baghdad (the 8th Imam gave ghusl and kafan). A town
grew around the tomb of Imam called Kadhmain (meaning the two Kadhims) since the 9th Imam
is also buried there.
- He had 19 sons & 18 daughters. The most famous of his sons is his successor, Imam
Ali Raza and the most famous of his daughters is Fatima Kubra known as Masuma Qum
who is buried in Qum.