Chapter 3
On Certitude

18- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Baqir (a.s) quoted on the authority of Imam Ali (a.s) (from one of his long sermons): "There are four pillars for faith: perseverance, certitude, justice and unity."

19- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Faith is superior to submission (to God), and certitude is superior to faith. Nothing is more superior than certitude."

20- Yunus ibn-i-Abdul Rahman said that when he asked Imam Reza (a.s) about faith and submission to God, Imam Reza (a.s) replied: "Religion is only submission (Islam). Faith is a level higher than submission. Piety is a level higher than faith, and certitude is a level higher than piety. Nothing is divided amongst the children of Adam (a.s) better than certitude." Then he said that he asked the Imam (a.s): "What are the signs of certitude?" The Imam (a.s) replied: "Reliance on God, submitting to Him, being content with divine destiny, and entrusting one's affairs to God." Then he asked the Imam (a.s): "What does all this mean?" Then Imam Reza (a.s) replied: "This is what Imam Baqir (a.s) said."

21- Saf'fvan al-Jammal said that he asked Imam Sadiq (a.s) about God's statement: "As for the wall, it belonged to two youths, orphans, in the town; there was, beneath it, a buried treasure, to which they were entitled."[The Holy Quran: Kahf 18:82] He replied: "Know that 'treasure' in the verse did not refer to gold or silver, but the following four: (1) I am God, and there is no God but Me, (2) Whoever really believes in death will not laugh so hard that his teeth are seen, (3) Whoever really believes in being accountable for his deeds will not become happy, and (4) Whoever really believes in destiny will only fear God."

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الفصل الثالث

في اليقين

18. من كتاب المحاسن: عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: قال عليٌّ عليه السلام في خطبةٍ له طويلةٍ: الإيمانُ على أربع دعائم: على الصبر، واليقين، والعدل، والتوحيد.

19. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: إنّ الإيمان أفضلُ من الإسلام، وإنّ اليقين أفضلُ من الإيمان، وما من شيءٍ أعزُّ من اليقين.

20. عن يونس بن عبد الرحمان قال: سألت أبا الحسن الرضا عليه السلام عن الإيمان والإسلام، فقال: قال أبو جعفر عليه السلام: إنّما هو الإسلام، والإيمانُ فوقَه بدرجةٍ، والتقوى فوقَ الإيمان بدرجةٍ، واليقينُ فوقَ التقوى بدرجةٍ، ولم يُقسم بين وُلد آدم شيءٌ أقلّ من اليقين، قال: قلتُ: فأيُّ شيءٍ من اليقين؟ قال: التوكّلُ على الله، والتسليم لله، والرضى بقضاء الله، والتفويضُ إلى الله، قلتُ: ما تفسير ذلك؟ قال: هكذا قال أبو جعفر عليه السلام .

21. عن صفوان الجمّال قال: سألتُ أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن قول الله سبحانه و تعالي [ وَأَمّا الْجِدارُ فَكانَ لِغُلامَيْنِ يَتيمَينِ في الْمَدِينَةِ وَكانَ تَحْتَهُ كَنْزٌ لَهما] فقال: أما أنّه ما كان ذهبا ولا فضّةً، وإنّما كان أربع كلماتٍ؛ أنا الله لا اِلهَ إلا أنَا، مَن أيقنَ بالموت لم يضحك سِنُّه، ومَن أيقنَ بالحساب لم يَفرَح قَلبُه، ومَن أيقنَ بالقَدَر لم يَخْشَ إلا الله.

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22-Imam Baqir (a.s) narrated that Imam Ali (a.s) went on the pulpit and said: “No one experiences true faith unless he realizes that he will obtain only what is destined to be his, and he will not obtain anything that is destined to belong to others.”

23- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of his fathers (a.s) upon the authority of Imam Ali (a.s) that God's Prophet (a.s) said: “One of the signs of certitude is that you do not displease God to please the people, and do not admire the people for the daily bread that God has granted you through them, and that you do not blame the people for God depriving you of your daily bread. No one's greed will bring him an increase in his daily bread, and no one's jealousy will stop one's daily bread. If one tries to escape from his daily bread as he escapes from death, one's daily bread seeks its owner faster than death does. In fact, God the Almighty has established comfort and peace of mind in certitude and contentment, and has established sorrow and discomfort in anger and doubt.”

24- Abdullah ibn San'an narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “One of the signs of the perfection of certitude of a Muslim is that he does not please the people through raising God's anger.” In another tradition it is stated that he said: “Before death his daily bread will seek him just as his death does.” He then added: “God the Almighty has established comfort and happiness in certitude and contentment due to His justice and has established sorrow and sadness in doubt and anger. Therefore be content with divine destiny and submit to God's orders.”

25- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “Imam Ali's servant named Ghanbar really liked him and would always follow him at night with his sword in order to protect him. One night Imam Ali (a.s) noticed him and asked him what he was doing. He said: “I am following you.” The Imam (a.s) asked: “Are you trying to protect me from heavenly or earthly creatures?” He replied: “I am guarding you against earthly creatures.” The Imam (a.s) said: “Please go home since no one on Earth can do me any harm unless God' permits so.” Then Ghanbar returned home.

26- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “There is nothing for which there is no limit.” He was asked what the limit for reliance is.

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22. عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: قال عليٌّ عليه السلام على المنبر: لا يَجدُ عبدٌ طعمَ الإيمان حتّى يعلم أنّ ما أصابه لم يكن ليُخطئه، وأنّ ما أخطأه لم يكن يُصيبه.

23. عن أبي عبد الله عن آبائه عن عليّ عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم إنّ من اليقين أنْ لا تَرضوا الناس بسخط الله، ولا تَحمدوهم على ما رزقكم الله، ولا تَذمّوهم على ما لم يؤتكم الله، إنّ الرزق لا يَجُرُّه حرصُ حريصٍ ولا يردّه كراهةُ كارِهٍ، ولو أنّ أحدكم فرَّ من رزقه - كما يَفِرُّ من الموت - لكان رزقه أشدّ له طلبا، وأسرع إدراكاً من الموت، إنّ الله تعالى جعل الرَّوحَ والراحةَ في اليقين والرضا، وجعل الهمّ والحزنَ في الشكّ والسخط.

24. عن عبد الله بن سنان قال: قال لي أبو عبد الله عليه السلام : مِن صحّةِ يقين المرء المسلم أن لا يُرضي الناس بسخط الله. ثمّ ساق الحديث نحوا من حديث ميمون، إلا أنّه قال: لأدركه رزقُه قبل موته كما يُدركُه الموت، ثمّ قال: إنّ الله بعدله وقسطه وعلمه جعل الرَّوحَ والفَرَجَ في اليقين والرضا عن الله I وجعل الهمَّ والحُزنَ في الشكّ والسخط، فارضوا عن الله وسلِّموا لأمره.

25. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: كان قنبر غلام عليّ عليه السلام يُحبُّ عليّاً حُبّاً شديداً، فإذا خرج عليٌّ خرج على إثره بالسيف، فرآه ذاتَ ليلةٍ فقال: يا قنبر مالَكَ؟ فقال: جئتُ لِأمشي خلفك يا أمير المؤمنين، فقال: وَيْحَكَ! أمِن أهل السماء تَحْرُسُني أو من أهل الأرض؟ قال: لا؛ بل من أهل الأرضِ، فقال: إنّ أهل الأرض لا يستطيعون لي شيئاً لو شاءوا إلا بإذنٍ من السماء، فارجع، قال: فرجع.

26. عنه عليه السلام : ليس شيءٌ إلا لهُ حدٌّ، قال: قلتُ: جُعلتُ فداك فما حدُّ التوكّل؟

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He replied: “It is certitude.” He was asked about the limit for certitude. He replied: “That with God, you fear no one.”

27- Imam Reza (a.s) was asked about the limits for reliance. He replied: “That with God, you fear no one else.”

28- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of Imam Ali (a.s): “O' God! Please honor me by enabling me to be able to rely on You, and entrust You with my affairs, and be content with what You have destined for me, and submit to Your orders, so much so that I submit to your decrees and not be in a rush to obtain what you have already destined for me; and be pleased with whatever You have granted me, O' the Kindest of the kind!”

29- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said that God's Prophet (a.s) said: “Certitude is the best wealth, and God's worship is the best job.”

30- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “Muhammad ibn Hanifeh was a calm and brave man. Once Haj'jaj told him that he had decided to chop off his head several times. He answered: “You do not have the power to do so. There are three hundred and sixty moments for God each day. I wish Him to rid me of you in one of these moments.”

31- Ishaq ibn Ammar narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “One day after the Prophet (a.s) had said the morning congregational prayer in the mosque, he saw a slim, drowsy young man in the mosque. He was pale, skinny with eyes sinking deep into his face, and his skin loosely attached to his bones. He told him: “O' Harith! How did you get through the night?” He replied: “O' Prophet of God! I passed the night with certitude.” The Prophet was surprised and said: “There is a sign for certitude. What is the sign of your certitude? “ He replied: “O' Prophet of God! The sign of my certitude is that I am sad and sleepless. I suffer from thirst in the day. I have turned away from the world and everything in it. This has gone so far that I can see my Lord's Throne set up for Reckoning. All the people have been resurrected for Reckoning, and I am amongst them and can see the residents of Heaven filled with blessings; and resting on sofas; and getting to know each other. And I see the residents of Hell being tortured in fire and crying out.

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قال: اليقين، قلتُ: فما حدُّ اليقين؟ قال: أنْ لا تخاف مع الله شيئاً.

27. قيل للرضا عليه السلام: ما حدُّ التوكّل؟ قال: أنْ لا تخاف مع الله غيره.

28. عن الصادق عليه السلام قال: كان عليٌّ عليه السلام يقول: "اللهمَّ مُنَّ عَليَّ بِالتَّوَكُّلِ عَلَيْكَ، وَالتَّفْوِيض إِلَيْكَ، والرِّضى بِقَدَرِكَ، وَالتَّسلِيمِ لأَمْرِكَ، حتّى لا أُحبُّ تَعْجِيلَ ما أَخَّرتَ ولا تَأْخِيرَ ما عجَّلتَ، يا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ."

29. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم كفى باليقين غِنىً، وبالعبادة شغلاً.

30. وقال عليه السلام: إنّ محمّد بن الحنفيّة كان رجلا رابط الجأش وكان الحجّاج يلقاه فيقول له: لقد هممتُ أن أضرب الذي فيه عيناك، فيقول: كلّا! إنّ لله في كلِّ يَوْمٍ ثلاثمائة وستّين لحظةً، فأرجو أنْ يَكفيَني بإحداهُنَّ.

31. عن إسحاق بن عمّار قال: سمعتُ أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: إنّ رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم صلّى بالناس الصبح، فنظر إلى شابٍّ في المسجد وهو يَخفق ويهوي برأسه مصفرٌّ لونُه، وقد نَحِفَ جسمه، وغارت عيناه في رأسه، ولَصِق جِلدُه بعَظْمه، فقال له رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم كيف أصبحتَ يا حارث؟ فقال: أصبحتُ يا رسول الله موقناً! فقال: فعجب رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم من قوله وقال له: إنّ لكلّ يقينٍ حقيقةٌ، فما حقيقةُ يقينك؟ فقال: إنّ يقيني يا رسول الله هو أَحْزَنَني وأسْهَرَ ليلي وأظمأ هواجري، فعزفتُ نفسي عن الدنيا وما فيها حتّى كأنّي أنظر إلى عرش ربّي قد نُصب للحساب، وحُشِر الخلائقُ لذلك وأنا فيهم، وكأنّي أنظر إلى أهل الجنّة يتنعّمون فيها ويتعارفون على الأرائك متّكئين، وكأنّي أنظر إلى أهل النار فيها معذّبون ويصطرخون.

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It is as if right now I can hear the roaring sound of the blazing fire of Hell.” The Prophet (a.s) turned to the other people and said: “This is a man whose heart is filled with the light of faith.” He then turned to that young man and said: “Be steadfast.” The man said: “O' Prophet of God! Please ask God to honor me to accompany you in some of the wars and get martyred.” The Prophet (a.s) prayed for him, and not long after that, they went to fight in a battle and he was the tenth man to be martyred in that battle.”

32- Mu'amir ibn Khal'lad narrated that Imam Reza (a.s) said: “One of Imam Ali's (a.s) companions named Ghays was performing his prayers. After saying one unit of prayer, a black snake came to where he wanted to prostrate. He turned his face away from the snake when he wanted to say the second unit of prayer, but the snake wrapped itself around his neck and then went inside his shirt.” The Imam (a.s) said: “One day I went to a place called Fore located between Mecca and Medina. When the time came to pray I got off my horse and went near a plant called Samameh. After I said one unit of my prayer, a boa came towards me from beneath the plant, and returned after it got close to me. I started my prayer, and did not cut it short. After finishing my prayers, I started saying supplications, and I did not cut that short either. When I finished, I told my companions to capture the boa. They captured and killed the boa. God helps whoever fears none but Him.”

33- Abi Al-Ghadah quoted on the authority of his father: “One of the followers of the Ummayad clan requested permission to visit Imam Baqir (a.s). We were afraid of him and told the Imam (a.s) that he might have ill intentions. Why don't you hide and we will tell him that you are not here.” The Imam (a.s) replied: “No, let him enter. God's Prophet (a.s) has said that God hears whatever is said, and sees the hands of all the oppressors. Thus he cannot say what God does not want him to say, and cannot do anything that God does not want him to do.” Then the Imam (a.s) admitted him into his presence. He came in and asked his questions, heard the answers to his questions, and then left.

34- Imam Ali (a.s) asked Imam Hassan (a.s) and Imam Hussein (a.s) the difference between faith and certitude. They remained silent.

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وكأنّي أسمع الآن زفير النار يدور في مسامعي قال: فقال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم هذا عبدٌ نَوَّرَ الله قَلبَه بالإيمان، ثمّ قال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم الزم ما أنت عليه، قال: فقال له الشابّ: أُدع الله لي يا رسول الله أنْ أُرزَق الشهادة معك، قال: فدعا له بذلك، فلم يلبث أنْ خرج في بعض غزوات النبيّ صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم فاستشهد بعد تسعة نفرٍ وكان هو العاشر.

32. عن معمّر بن خلّاد عن أبي الحسن الرضا عليه السلام قال: كان رجلٌ من أصحاب علي عليه السلام يقال له قيس يصلّي، فلمّا صلّى ركعةً تطوّق أُسودٌ في موضع السجود، فلمّا ذهب يصلّي الثانية نحّى جبينه عنه فتطوّق الأسود في عنقه ثمّ انساب في قميصه. وإنّي أقبلتُ يوماً من الفرع فَحضَرتِ الصلاةُ وأنا في بعض الطريق فنزلتُ فصرتُ إلى ثمامة، فلمّا صلّيتُ ركعةً أقبل أفعى من تحت الثمامة، فلمّا دنا منّي رجع إلى الثمامة وأقبلتُ على صلاتي ولم أخَفْها، وعلى دعائي ولم أخففه،ُ ثمّ قلتُ لبعض من معي: دونَك الأفعى تحت الثمامة، فقتله، ومن لم يَخَف إلا الله كفاه الله.

33. عن أبي القدّاح عن أبيه قال: استأذن رجلٌ من أتباع بني أمية على أبي جعفر عليه السلام -وكان من القوم سيل- فخفنا عليه، فقلنا: جعلنا الله فداك؛ هذا فلانٌ يستأذن عليك، فلو تواريتَ منه، وقلنا: ما هو هاهنا، قال: لا، بل ائذنوا له، قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم إنّ الله سبحانه و تعالي عند لسان كلّ قائلٍ، ويد كلّ باسطٍ، فهذا القائل لا يستطيع أنْ يقول إلا ما شاء الله، وهذا الباسط لا يستطيع بيده إلا بما شاء الله. قال: ثمّ أذِنَ للرجل فدخل عليه فسأله عن أشياء أمر فيها، ثمّ ذهب.

34. سأل أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام الحسن والحسين عليهما السلام فقال لهما: ما بين الإيمان واليقين؟ فسكتا.

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Then he asked Imam Hassan (a.s) to answer him. Imam Hassan (a.s) said: “There is only one hand-breadth distance between the two.” Imam Ali (a.s) asked: “How come?” He replied: “Since faith is related to what we hear and acknowledge with our heart, and certitude is related to what we see and use to argue in favor of what we cannot see.

35- Regarding God's statement to Abraham (a.s): “Dost thou not then believe? He said: Yea! But to satisfy my own understanding.” [The Holy Quran: Baqara 2:260] Imam Reza (a.s) was asked: “Was there any doubt in his heart?” Imam Reza (a.s) replied: “No, there was certitude in his heart. But God had decided to increase his certitude.

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فقال للحسن عليه السلام: أجِبْ يا أبا محمّد! قال: بينهما شِبرٌ، قال: وكيف ذاك؟ قال: لأنَّ الإيمان ما سمعناه بآذاننا وصدقناه بقلوبنا، واليقين ما أبصرناه بأعيننا واستدللنا به على ما غاب عنّا.

35. سُئل الرضا عليه السلام عن قول الله سبحانه وتعالي لإبراهيم صلوات الله عليه: ]أَوَلَمْ تُؤْمِنْ قالَ بلى وَلكِنْ لِيَطْمَئِنَّ قَلْبي[ أكانَ في قلبه شكٌّ؟ قال: لا، كان فيه يقينٌ ولكن أرادَ من الله الزيادةَ على يقينه.

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Chapter 4
On Reliance and Trust in God

36- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “Independence and honor wander about until they reach the position of reliance where they settle down.”

37- Imam Kazim (a.s) said the following regarding God's statement: “And if anyone puts his trust in God, sufficient is (God) for him.” [The Holy Quran: Talaq 65:3]”Reliance on God has several stages. One of them is relying on Him in all that you do; and being pleased with whatever He does to you; knowing that He only wishes you prosperity and success; and knowing that He has full authority over all these affairs; and also having complete trust in Him in these and all other affairs.”

38- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “God the Almighty, the Blessed revealed the following to the Prophet David (a.s): “Whoever from among My servants gets disappointed with My creatures and takes refuge in Me, I shall realize his intentions. Then even if the Heavens and the Earth and whatever they contain plot against him, I shall provide means for him to be saved from them. And I shall know the intentions of whomever from among My servants who take refuge in others. Then I will take away from him all the means in the Heavens and the Earth, and leave him alone. I will not be concerned about where he will die.”

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الفصل الرابع

في التوكّل على الله والتفويض إليه والتسليم له

36. من كتاب المحاسن: عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: إنّ الغنى والعزّ يجولان، فإذا ظفرا بموضع التوكّل أوطناه.

37. عن أبي الحسن الأوّل عليه السلام سأله عليّ بن سُوَيد السائي عن قول الله سبحانه و تعالي ]وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى الله فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ[ فقال: التوكّلُ على الله درجاتٌ، منها أنْ تتوكّل عليه في أمورك كلّها، فما فعل بك كنتَ عنه راضيا؛ تعلم أنّه لا يألوك إلا خيرا وفضلا، وتعلم أنّ الحكم في ذلك إليه، ووثقتَ به فيها وفي غيرها.

38. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: أوحى الله تبارك وتعالى إلى داود عليه السلام: إنّه ما اعتصم بي عبدٌ من عبادي دون أحدٍ من خَلقي؛ عرفتُ ذاك عن نيّته، ثم تكيده السماوات والأرض ومَن فيهنّ إلا جعلت له المخرج من بينهنّ، وما اعتصم عبدٌ من عبادي بأحدٍ من خَلقي؛ عرفتُ ذلك من نيّته إلا قطعت أسباب السماوات من بين يديه وأسخت الأرض من تحته ولم أبال في أيّ وادٍ تهالك.

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39- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said that God's Prophet (a.s) quoted God the Almighty as saying: “I swear by My Honor, Majesty, Beauty, Greatness, Grandeur, Exaltation, and Highness of Position. I swear that none of My servants choose My desires over their own desires, without Me establishing independence in their hearts and directing their efforts to the Hereafter; preventing him from wandering around; ordering the Heavens and the Earth to provide his sustenance; and pursuing his business and protecting his interests.”

40- Imam Baqir (a.s) narrated upon the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): “God the Almighty said: I swear by my Honor, Majesty, Greatness, Grandeur, Light, and Highness of Position that none of the servants will choose his desires over Mine, without Me disrupting his affairs, and ruining his life, and getting him involved in it; and not giving anything to him but what I have destined for him. I swear by My Honor, Majesty, Greatness, Grandeur, Light, and Highness of Position that no servant chooses My wants over his own desires without My angels protecting him; and establishing the Heavens and the Earth to provide for his sustenance; and pursuing his business and protecting his interests; and turning the tables around and making the world to turn out to be in his favor against his expectations.

41- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “God's Prophet never used to say: “I wish something else had happened” after things had happened.”

42- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: “The most deserving person is one who trusts in God, and has recognized God. Anyone who is pleased with what God has destined for him shall receive it, and God will grant him a great reward! But if anyone is not pleased with what God has destined for him shall receive that which God has destined for him, but God will cancel his reward.”

43- Consider God's statement: “God and His angels send blessings on the Prophet.” [The Holy Quran: Ahzab 33:56] Imam Sadiq (a.s) described it as: “They will praise the Prophet and send him greetings.” When asked how the Prophet knew that the angels are sending him their greetings, he replied that the Unseen World would be unveiled for him.

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39. عنه عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم إنّ الله سبحانه و تعالي يقول: وعزّتي وجلالي وجمالي وبهائي وعلوّي وارتفاع مكاني! لا يؤثر عبدٌ هواي على هواه إلا جعلتُ غناه في قلبه وهمّه في آخرته، وكففتُ عليه ضيعته، وضمنّتُ السماوات والأرض رزقه، وكنتُ له من وراء تجارة كلّ تاجرٍ.

40. عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم يقول الله سبحانه و تعالي وعزّتي وجلالي وعظمتي وكبريائي ونوري وعُلوّي وارتفاع مكاني! لا يؤثر عبدٌ هواه على هواي إلا شتَّت عليه أمره، ولبستُ عليه دنياه وشغلتُ قلبه بها، ولم أُوته منها إلا ما قدّرتُ له، وعزّتي وجلالي وعظمتي وكبريائي ونوري وعلوّي وارتفاع مكاني! لا يؤثر عبدٌ هواي على هواه إلا استحفظته ملائكتي، وكفَّلتُ السماواتِ والأرضَ رزقَه، وكنتُ له من وراء تجارة كلّ تاجرٍ، وأتته الدنيا وهي راغمةٌ.

41. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: لم يكن رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم يقول لشيءٍ قد مضى لو كان غيره.

42. عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام أحقُّ خَلقِ الله أنْ يُسلّم لما قضى الله، مَن عرف الله ومَن رضي بالقضاء أتى عليه القضاء وعظّم الله أجره، ومَن سخط القضاء أتى عليه القضاء وأحبط الله أجره.

43. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله سبحانه و تعالي: ]إِنَّ الله وَملائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النبيّ ِصلي الله عليه و اله و سلم[ الآية قال: أثنوا عليه سلّموا لهُ، قلتُ: فكيف عَلم الرسول أنّها كذلك؟ قال: كُشف له الغطاء.

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When asked how a believer knows that he is a true believer, he replied: “Due to his easy submission to God, and his contentment with what he receives there from.”

44- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that the Prophet (a.s) said: “Whoever likes to be the most pious man should rely on God.”

45- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: “Whoever relies on God will never be defeated, and whoever takes refuge in God will never fail.”

46- The Prophet (a.s) said: “God the Almighty said: “There is no creature who seeks help from My other creatures, without My taking away from him the means in the Heavens and the Earth. I shall not give him what he asks Me for, and shall not reply to him when he calls Me. There is no creature that seeks help from Me- not my creatures, without My establishing the Heavens and the Earth as a means of providing for his sustenance. I shall grant him what he asks for, will reply if he calls Me, and will forgive him if he asks for forgiveness.”

47- The Prophet (a.s) said: “God will make anyone who stops relying on others than God needless, and will provide for his unlimited sustenance through unimaginable means. And God will leave those who rely on this world to earn their living from this world.”

48- The Prophet (a.s) said: “Whoever likes to be the strongest man should rely on God. Whoever likes to be the noblest man should be pious, and whoever likes to be the most needless man should trust in what is in God's Hands more that what is in his own hands.”

49- God's Prophet (a.s) said: “If a man sincerely relies on God, the rulers and others lower than them will certainly become needy of him. How can he be needy if his Master, the Praised One is not?”

50- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: “There are four pillars for faith: reliance on God, trust in God, being content with what God has destined, and submission to God's orders.”

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قلتُ: فبأيّ شيء علم المؤمن أنّه مؤمنٌ؟ قال: بالتسليم لله والرضا فيما ورد عليه من وراء سَخَطٍ.

44. ومن كتاب روضة الواعظين: قال النبيّ صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم من أحبّ أن يكون أتقى الناس فليتوكّل على الله.

45. وقال الباقر عليه السلام: مَن توكّل على الله لا يُغلَب، ومن اعتصم بالله لا يُهزَم.

46. قال النبيّ صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم يقول الله سبحانه و تعالي :ما من مخلوقٍ يعتصم بمخلوقٍ دوني إلا قطعتُ أسباب السماوات والأرض من دونه، فإنْ سألني لم أعطه وإنْ دعاني لم أُجِبْه، وما من مخلوقٍ يعتصم بي دون خلقي إلا ضمنت السماوات والأرض رزقه، فإنْ سألني أعطيته وإنْ دعاني أجبتُه، وإنْ استغفرني غفرتُ له.

47. وقال عليه السلام: مَن انقطع إلى الله كفاهُ الله مئونته ورزقه من حيث لا يحتسب ومَن انقطع إلى الدنيا وكله إليها.

48. وقال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم مَن سَرّه أنْ يكون أقوى الناس فليتوكّل على الله، ومَن سَرّه أن يكون أكرم الناس فليتّق الله، ومَن سَرّه أن يكون أغنى الناس فليكن بما في يد الله أوثق منه في يديه.

49. وقال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم لو أنّ رجلا توكّل على الله بصدق النيّة لاحتاجت إليه الأمراء فمَنْ دونهم! فكيف يحتاج هو ومولاه الغنيّ الحميد؟

50. أيضا من المحاسن: قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام: الإيمان له أركانٌ أربعةٌ: التوكّل علَى الله، وتفويض الأمر إلَى الله، والرضا بقضاء الله، والتسليم لأمر الله.

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51- Imam Baqir (a.s) described God's statement: “But no, by the Lord, they can have no (real) faith, until they make thee judge in all disputes between them.” [The Holy Quran: Nisaa 4:65] as: “Submission, contentment, and satisfaction with what God has destined.”

52- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “If one attends to what God likes, God will attend to what he likes. If one asks refuge in God and piety, then God will protect him. And one who is attended to by God, and is protected by Him has no fear even if the sky falls on the Earth, or a disaster comes and affects everything on the Earth. He will be saved from any disaster since God protects him via his piety. Is it not so? God the Almighty said:
“As to the righteous (they will be) in a position of security.” [The Holy Quran: Dukhan 44:51]”

53- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: “God's Prophet ran into a group of camel riders during one of his trips. They greeted him and he asked them who they where. They said they were believers. The Prophet (a.s) asked them about the truth of their faith. They replied: “Contentment with what God has destined, entrusting themselves to God, and submitting to God's orders.” Then God's Prophet (a.s) said: “These are wise and knowledgeable people with such a high rank, near that of the Prophets.” Then he faced them and said: “If you are truthful, do not build what you shall not reside in; do not collect what you shall not eat; and fear God to Whom you shall return.”

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51. عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام في قول الله جلّ ثناؤه: [فَلا وَرَبِّكَ لا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّى يُحَكِّمُوكَ...[ الآية قال: التسليم، والرضا، والقنوع بقضائه.

52. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: أيّما عبدٍ أقبل قِبَل ما يُحبُّ الله سبحانه و تعالي أقبل الله سبحانه و تعالي قِبَل كلّ ما يُحبُّ، ومَن اعتصم بالله وبتقواه عَصَمَهُ الله، ومَن أقبل قِبَله وعَصَمَهُ لم يُبالِ لو سقطت السماء على الأرض أو كانت نازلةً نزلت على أهل الأرض فشملتهم بليّةٌ، وكان في حرز الله بالتقوى مِن كلّ بليّةٍ، أليس الله تبارك وتعالى يقول: ]إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ في مَقامٍ أَمِينٍ[ ؟

53. وعن الباقر عليه السلام قال لقي رسول الله في بعض أسفاره رَكْبٌ، فقالوا: السلام عليك يا رسول الله، فقال: مَن أنتم؟ قالوا: نحن مؤمنون يا رسول الله، قال: قال: فما حقيقة إيمانكم؟ قالوا الرضا بقضاء الله، والتفويض إلى الله، والتسليم لأمر الله، فقال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم علماء وحكماء كادوا أن يكونوا من الحِكْمة أنبياء، فإنْ كنتم صادقين فلا تَبْنُوا ما لا تسكنون، ول تجمعوا ما لا تأكلون، واتّقوا الّذي إليه تُرجعون.