Chapter 4

On Fear and Hope

579- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "A believer fears no one but God, and says nothing but the truth."

580- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of Imam Ali (a.s): "Be more hopeful for that for which you have no hope, compared to what you have some hope for. Moses the son of Imran left his town to ask for fire for his people, but God spoke to him and he returned as a Prophet. The Queen of Saba left the town as an infidel, but she became a Muslim when she met Solomon. Pharaoh's magicians also were seeking honor for Pharaoh but they returned as believers."

581- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever recognizes God fears Him, and whoever fears God deprives himself from this world."

582- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God will make everything fear whoever fears God, and will make whoever does not fear Him fear everything."

583- Imam Sadiq (a.s) told Ishaq ibn Amr: "O' Ishaq! Fear God as if you see Him. If you do not see Him, He sees you. If you believe that He does not see you, you are an infidel. If you know that He sees you, and display your disobedience of God away from the public eyes, you have considered Him to be the worst of those who see you."

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الفصل الرابع

في الخوف والرجاء

579. من كتاب المحاسن: عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: المؤمنُ لا يخاف غير الله، ولا يقول عليه إلاّ الحقّ.

580. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قال عليّ عليه السلام كُن لِما لا ترجو أرجى منك لما ترجو، فإنّ موسى بن عمران - صلى الله عليه - خرج يقتبس لأهله ناراً فكلّمه الله ورجع نبيّاً، وخرجتْ ملكة سبأ كافرةً فأسلمتْ مع سليمان، وخرج سحرة فرعون يطلبون العزّ لفرعون فرجعوا مؤمنين.

581. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: مَن عرف الله خاف الله، ومَن خاف الله سخت نفسه عن الدنيا.

582. وعنه عليه السلام قال: مَن خاف الله أخاف الله منه كلّ شيءٍ، ومَن لم يخف الله أخافه الله مِن كلّ شيءٍ.

583. عنه عليه السلام قال: يا إسحاق، خف الله كأنّك تراه فإنْ لم تره فإنّه يراك، وإنْ كنتَ ترى أنّه لا يراك فقد كفرتَ، وإنْ كنتَ تعلم أنّه يراك ثمّ استترت عن المخلوقين بالمعاصي وبرزتَ له بها فقد جعلتَه في حدّ أهون الناظرين إليك.

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584- One of the companions of Imam Sadiq (a.s) told him: "There are some people who constantly commit sins until they die, and say that they hope for God's Mercy." Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "These are the people who always have aspirations but do not do anything. They lie since whoever has some hope seeks what he is hopeful for, and whoever fears something will stay away from it."

585- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Do not feel secure from anyone except those who fear God."

586- Abi Hamze al-Somali narrated that Imam Zeyn al-Abedin (a.s) said that once he left the house and walked until he reached a wall. He stopped and leaned on it. A man wearing two white robes came and looked at him and said: "O' Ali, son of Hussein! What is the reason you are sad? Is it for this world? The daily bread is provided by God for both the good-doers and the evil-doers." The Imam (a.s) said: "I am not sad for the world because it is just as you have said." Then the man asked: "Is it then for the Hereafter that is a true promise, and will be ruled by a powerful Lord?" The Imam (a.s) said: "No I am not sad about the Hereafter either, since that is the same as you said." The man asked: "Then why are you sad?" The Imam (a.s) said: "I am afraid of the sedition of the Talha and Zubair, and the condition of the people." Then the man laughed and said: "O' Ali, son of Hussein! Have you ever seen anyone who fears God whom God has not saved?" The Imam (a.s) said: "No." He said: "Have you seen anyone who relies on God, left alone to himself by God?" The Imam (a.s) said: "No." He said: "Have you seen anyone ask something from God, and God not grant it?" Imam Zeyn al-Abedin (a.s) said: "No."

587- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "I swear by the One who has control over my life that God is even kinder to His servants than a kind mother is to her children."

588- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "There are no believers that are not in a state in between fear and hope."

589- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that God's Prophet (a.s) said that God the Almighty said: "I swear by My Majesty and Honor. I shall not grant two fears for my servants, and shall not grant them two causes for peace of mind. If my

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584. عنه عليه السلام قال: قلتُ له: قومٌ يعملون بالمعاصي ويقولون نرجو، فلا يزالون كذلك حتّى يأتيهم الموت، فقال: هؤلاء قومٌ يترجّحون في الأماني، كذبوا ليسوا براجين، مَن رجا شيئاً طلبه ومَن خاف مِن شيءٍ هرب منه.

585. عنه عليه السلام قال: لا تأمن إلاّ مَن خاف الله.

586. عن أبي حمزة الثمالي عن عليّ بن الحسين عليهما السلام قال: خرجتُ حتّى انتهيتُ إلى هذا الحائط، فاتّكأتُ عليه، فإذا رجلٌ عليه ثوبان أبيضان ينظر في تجاه وجهي، ثمّ قال: يا عليّ بن الحسين، مالي أراك كئيباً حزيناً علىَ الدنيا فالرزق حاضرٌ للبرّ والفاجر، قلتُ: ما على هذا أحزن وأنّه كما تقول، قال: فعلَى الآخرة فوعدٌ صادقٌ يحكم فيه ملكٌ قاهرٌ - أو قال: قادرٌ - قلتُ: ما على هذا أحزن وأنّه كما تقول، قال: فما حُزنك؟ قلتُ: ما تخاف من فتنة ابن الزبير وما فيه مِن الناس، فضحك ثمّ قال: يا عليّ بن الحسين، هل رأيتَ أحداً خاف الله فلم ينجه؟ قلتُ: لا، قال: هل رأيتَ أحداً توكّل علىَ الله فلم يكفه؟ قلتُ: لا، قال: هل رأيتَ أحداً سأل الله فلم يعطه؟ قلت: لا.

587. قال النبيّ صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم والّذي نفسي بيده، الله أرحمُ بعباده مِن الوالدة المشفقة على ولدها.

588. قال الصادق عليه السلام لا يكون العبد مؤمناً حتّى يكون خائفاً راجياً.

589. مِن كتاب روضة الواعظين: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم قال الله تعالى: وعزّتي وجلالي لا أجمـع على عبدي خوفَين، ولا أجمـع له أمنَـين، فـإذا أمِـنـني في الـدنـيـا

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servants do not worry about Me in this life, they will have to fear in the Hereafter, and if they fear Me in this life, then they will not have to worry in the Hereafter."

590- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Be so hopeful of God that you do not dare to commit any sins, and fear God so much that you do not lose all your hopes of His Mercy."

591- Imam Zeyn al-Abedin (a.s) said: "O' children of Adam! You shall be prosperous as long as you have an inner guide, and worry about your own reckoning, and you have fear and piety. You will die and you will be resurrected and will be questioned about your deeds in God's court. So prepare an answer."

592- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "The people came to visit the Prophet David thinking that he was ill. But he was not ill, he was just modest and fearful of God."

593- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "A believing servant is positioned between two fears: one is from the time that has passed by, and he does not know what God has done to him; and the time he has left and does not know what God will decree. Any servant of God must use himself and the life of this world to save something for the Hereafter. I swear by the One who controls my life that there is no asking, petitioning or soliciting favor of God after death, and there is no home after this world except for Heaven and Hell."

594- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "I wonder why those who fear the following four things do not seek refuge in the following four things. Why doesn't the one who fears take refuge in God's statement: "For us God sufficeth, and He is the best disposer of affairs." [The Holy Quran: Ali-i-Imran 3:173], since I heard that God added: "And they returned with Grace and Bounty from God; no harm ever touched them." [The Holy Quran: Al-i-Imran 3:174] I wonder why does not the one who is sad take refuge in God's statement: "There is no god but Thou: Glory to Thee: I was indeed wrong!" [The Holy Quran: Anbiyaa 21:87], since I heard that God added: "So We listened to him: and delivered him from distress: and thus do We deliver those who have faith." [The Holy Quran: Anbiyaa 21:88]

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أخفتُه يومَ القيامة، وإذا خافني في الدنيا آمنتُه يومَ القيامة.

590. قال الصادق عليه السلام ارج الله رجاءً لا يُجرِّؤك على معصيته، وخَفِ الله خوفاً لا يُؤيسك مِن رحمته.

591. قال زين العابدين عليه السلام يا بن آدم، إنّك لا تزال بخيرٍ ما كان لك واعظٌ مِن نفسك، وما كانت المحاسبة مِن همّك، وما كان الخوف لك شعاراً والحزن لك دثاراً، يا بن آدم، إنّك ميّتٌ ومبعوثٌ ومسؤولٌ فأعد جواباً.

592. وقال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم كان داود عليه السلام يعوده الناس ويظنّون أنّه مريضٌ، وما به مِن مرضٍ إلاّ خوف الله والحياء منه.

593. وقال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم العبدُ المؤمنُ بين مخافتَين: بين أجلٍ قد مَضى لا يدري ما الله صانعٌ فيه، وبين أجلٍ قد بقي لا يدري ما الله قاضٍ فيه، فليتزوّد العبد مِن نفسه لِنفسه ومِن دنياه لآخرته، فوالّذي نفسي بيده، ما بعد الموت مِن مُستعتب ولا بعد الدنيا مِن دارٍ إلاّ الجنّة أو النار.

594. قال الصادق عليه السلام عجبتُ لِمن فزع مِن أربعٍ كيف لا يفزع إلى أربعٍ: عجبتُ لِمَن خاف كيف لا يفزع إلى قوله: ]حَسْبُنا الله وَنِعْمَ الوَكِيل[ فإنّي سمعتُ الله يقول بعقبها: ]فانْقَلَبُوا بِنِعْمَةٍ مِنَ الله وَفَضْلٍ لَمْ يَمْسَسْهُمْ سُوءٌ[ وعجبتُ لِمَن اغتمّ كيف لا يفزع إلى قوله: ]لا إلهَ إلاّ أنْتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إنّي كُنْتُ مِنَ الْظالِمين[ فـإنّي سمعـتُ الله يـقول بعقبهـا: ]وَنَـجَّيْـنــاهُ مِنَ الْـغَـمِّ وكَـذلِـكَ نُـنْـجِـي الْمُؤْمِـنينَ[

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I wonder why doesn't one who has been cheated take refuge in God's statement: "My (own) affair I commit to God: For God (ever) watches over His servants" [The Holy Quran: Mu-min 40:44], since I heard that God added: "Then God saved him from (every) ill that they plotted (against him)." [The Holy Quran: Mu-min 40:45]
And I wonder why doesn't the one who wants this world and its ornaments seek refuge in God's statement: "God's Will (be done)! There is no power but with God! [The Holy Quran: Kahaf 18:39], since I heard that God added: "If thou dost see me less than thee in wealth and sons, it may be that my Lord will give me something better than thy garden." [The Holy Quran: Kahaf 18:39-40]

595- Imam Sadiq (a.s) was asked about the contents of the will of Luqman. He said: "There were amazing things in that will. The most amazing thing is that he said to his son: Fear God so much that you think He will punish you even if you do all the good deeds of the Jinns and the people. Have so much hope in God's Mercy that even if you commit all the sins of all the Jinns and the People, He will have Mercy upon you."

596- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of his noble father: "There is no believer without two lights in his heart: The light of fear and the light of hope. If you weigh each one, it will not outweigh the other one."

597- In Al-Seyed Nasih al-Din it is narrated that God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Fear of God is the source of wisdom."

598- Abu Kahel narrated that God's Prophet (a.s) told him: "O' Abu Kahel! God will never get angry with one whose heart is filled with God's fear. The Fire will not bring him any harm either."

599- Habib ibn al-Harith came to God's Prophet (a.s) and said: "O' Prophet of God! I am a man who has been always in sin." The Prophet (a.s) said: "Turn to God in repentance Habib." He said: "O' Prophet of God! I always repent, but repeat my sinful acts." The Prophet (a.s) said: "Then whenever you commit a sin, repent." He said: "O' Prophet of God! This way my sins will be a lot more." The Prophet (a.s) said: "O' Habib ibn Harith! God's forgiving is more than your sins."

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وعجبتُ لِمَن مكر به كيف لا يفزع إلى قوله: ]وَأُفَوِّضُ أَمْري إلَىَ الله إنَّ الله بَصِيرٌ بِالْعِباد[ فإنِّي سمعتُ الله يقول بعقبها: ]فَوَقاهُ الله سَيِّئاتِ ما مَكَرُوا[ وعجبتُ لِمَن أراد الدنيا وزينتها كيف لا يفزع إلى ما شاءَ الله لا قُوَّةَ إلاَّ بِالله[ فإنَّي سمعتُ الله سبحانه و تعالي يقول بعقبها: ]إنْ تَرَنِ أَنَا أَقَلُّ مِنْكَ مالاً وَوَلَداً * فَعَسَى رَبِّي أَنْ يُؤْتِيَني خَيْراً مِنْ جَنَّتِكَ[ موجبةٌ.

595. ومِن كتابٍ: قيل لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام ما كان في وصيّة لقمان؟ فقال: كان فيها الأعاجيب، وكان من أعجب ما فيها أنْ قال لابنه: خف الله خيفةً لو جئتَه ببرّ الثقلين لعذّبك، وارج الله رجاءً لو جئتَه بذنوبِ الثقلين لَرحمك.

596. ثمّ قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام كان أبي يقول: إنّه ليس مِن عبدٍ مؤمنٍ إلاّ وفي قلبه نوران: نورُ رجاءٍ ونورُ خوفٍ، لو وزن هذا لم يزد على هذا، ولو وُزن هذا لم يزد على هذا.

597. ومِن كتاب السيّد ناصح الدين: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم رأس الحِكْمة مخافة الله.

598. قال أبو كاهل: قال لي رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم يا أبا كاهل، لن يغضب ربّ العزِّة على مَن كان في قلبه مخافةٌ، ولا تأكل النار منه هدبةً.

599. جاء حبيب بن الحارث إلى رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم فقال: يا رسول الله، إنّي رجلٌ معراضٌ للذنوب، قال: فتُب إلىَ الله يا حبيب، قال: يا رسول الله، إنّي أتوبُ ثمّ أعود؟ قال: فكلّما أذنبتَ فتُب، قال: إذا يا رسول الله تكثر ذُنوبي، قال: عفو الله أكثر مِن ذُنوبك يا حبيب بن الحارث.

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600- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "When the two angels who record the deeds take your letter of deeds to God, and He sees that it is good in the beginning and at the end, He will tell the angels: "Witness that I forgive My servant due to both ends of his letter of deeds."

601- Imam Sajjad (a.s) said: "(The Prophet) David (a.s) would fear God whenever he made a mistake. He feared God so much that his joints would get displaced and separated from each other. Then he remembered the extent of God's Mercy and how He helps the sinners, and his condition returned to normal."

602- Imam Sajjad (a.s) said: "I will not be afraid of being alone if all the people from the East to the West die as long as I am with the Quran. When he read the verse: "Master of the Day of Judgment" [The Holy Quran: Fatiha 1:4], he would repeat it many times and he would nearly die from fear."

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600. وقال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم ما مِن حافظَين يرفعان إلىَ الله ما حفظا، فيرىَ الله تبارك وتعالى في أوَّل الصحيفة خيراً، وفي آخرها خيراً إلاّ قال للملائكة: اشهدوا أنّي قد غفرتُ لعبدي ما بين طرفَي الصحيفة.

601. عن عليّ بن الحسين عليهما السلام قال: إنّ داود إذا أتى بخطيئةٍ خاف ربّه حتّى تنفرج مفاصله مِن أماكنها، ثمّ يذكر سعة رحمته وعائدته على أهل الذنوب فترجع إليه.

602. وعنه عليه السلام قال: لو ماتَ مَن بين المشرق والمغرب لما استوحشت أن يكون القرآن معي، وإذا كان قرأ مِن القرآن ]مالِكِ يَوْمِ الْدِّينِ[ كرّرها ويكاد أن يموت ممّا دخل عليه مِن الخوف.

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Chapter 5

On Love and Eagerness

603- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Baqir (a.s) told Zeyad: "Woe to you. Is religion anything but love? Have you not seen the words of God: "If ye do love God, follow me. God will love you and forgive you your sins for God is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful" [The Holy Quran: Ali-i-Imran 3:31]
Have you not heard what God the Almighty told Muhammad: "But God has endeared the Faith to you, and has made it beautiful in your hearts, and He has made hateful to you unbelief, wickedness, and rebellion: such indeed are those who walk in righteousness." [The Holy Quran: Hujurat 49:7]
And God the Almighty said: "Show their affection to such as came to them for refuge." [The Holy Quran: Hashr 59:9]; Therefore religion is the same as love, and love is the same as religion."

604- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "When you wish to know whether there is any good in you, look at your heart. There is some good in you if you love those who obey God. God will then love you. But there is no good in you if you are the enemy of those who obey God, and love those who sin. Then God will be your enemy. Every man is with whom he loves."

605- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "A believer can taste the sweetness of God's love if he abstains from the world. He will thus succeed. Then he will attain God's love. He will be considered to be insane by those who love the world, but in fact the sweetness of God's love has made him attend to nothing but God."

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الفصل الخامس

في المحبّة والشوق

603. مِن كتاب المحاسن: عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام في حديثٍ له قال لزياد: وَيحكَ هَل الدين إلاّ الحُبّ؟ ألا ترى قول الله عزّ وجلّ: ]إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ الله فَاتَّبِعُوني يُحْبِبْكُمُ الله وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ[ أولا ترى قول الله سبحانه و تعالي لُمحمّدٍ: ]حَبَّبَ إلَيْكُمُ الْإِيمانَ وَزَيَّنَهُ في قُلُوْبِكُمْ[ وقال: ]يُحِبُّونَ مَنْ هاجَرَ إِلَيْهِمْ[ فالدين هو الحُبّ والحُبّ هو الدين.

604. عنه عليه السلام قال: إذا أردتَ أن تعلم إنّ فيك خيراً فانظر إلى قلبك، فإن كان يُحبّ أهل طاعة الله ويُبغض أهل معصيته ففيك خيرٌ والله يُحبّك، وإن كان يُبغض أهل طاعة الله ويُحبّ أهل معصيته فليس فيك خيرٌ والله يبغضك، والمرء مع مَن أحبّ.

605. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: إذا تخلّىَ المؤمن مِن الدنيا سما ووجد حَلاوة حُبّ الله [I و] كان عند أهل الدنيا كأنّه قد خُولط، وإنّما خالط القوم حلاوة حُبّ الله فلم يشتغلوا بغيره.

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606- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said that God's Prophet (a.s) asked his companions: "Which of the handles of faith is stronger?" They said: "God and his Prophet know best." Some of them said: "Prayer". Some said: "Alms". Some said: "Pilgrimage" and others said "Holy Jihad." God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Each of the things you mentioned has some nobility, but neither one is the right answer to my question. The strongest handle for faith is love for the sake of God, and animosity for God's sake. You must love God's friends and avoid God's enemies."

607- Imam Baqir (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "Those who love for the sake of God will be located on the right hand side of God- both His hands are right- and on a fresh chrysolite1 green land under the shade of His Throne on the Resurrection Day. Their faces will be whiter than snow, and shinier than the Sun. All the nearby-stationed angels and all the appointed Prophets will be envious of their position. The people will ask who they are. They will be told: "Those are the ones who loved for God's sake."

608- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whenever two believers face each other, the one who is kinder to the other is the nobler one."

609- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "One of the strongest handles of faith is love for the sake of God, and animosity for God's sake, and giving charity or not giving charity for the sake of God."

610- Imam Baqir (a.s) has been narrated as saying that when things got really hard for Abuzaer he said: "O' God! I am about to choke from my anguish for You. I swear by your Majesty that I love You wholeheartedly, as You know."

611- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "The love of the good people for other good people is rewarding. The love of the bad people for the good people is considered to be a form of nobility for the good people. The animosity of the good people with the bad people is a source infamy for the bad people."
1 Translators' note: Chrysolite, a certain green transparent gem is a well-known gem that is a kind of expensive gem similar to but more expensive than emerald, which is dark green.
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606. عنه عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم لأصحابه: أيّ عرى الإيمان أوثق؟ فقالوا: الله ورسوله أعلم، وقال بعضُهم: الصلاة، وقال بعضُهم: الزكاة، وقال بعضُهم: الصيام، وقال بعضُهم: الحجّ والعُمرة، وقال بعضُهم: الجهاد، فقال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم كلّما قُلتُم فَضلٌ وليس به، ولكن أوثق عرى الإيمان الحُبّ في الله والبُغض في الله، وأن تُوالي أولياء الله وتَبرأ مِن أعداء الله.

607. عن الباقر عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم المتُحابّون في الله يومَ القيامة على أرضٍ زبَرجَدٍ خضراءٍ في ظِلّ عَرشه عن يمينه وكلتا يدَيه يمينٌ، وجوههم أشدّ بياضاً من الثلج وأضوأ مِن الشمس الطالعة، يغبطهم بمنزلتهم كلُّ ملكٍ مُقرَّبٍ ونبيٍّ مُرسَلٍ، يقول الناس: مَن هؤلاء؟ فيقال: هؤلاء المتُحابّون في الله.

608. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: ما التقى مؤمنان قَطُّ إلاّ كان أفضلهما أشدّهما حُبّاً لأخيه.

609. وعنه عليه السلام مِن أوثق عُرى الإيمان أن يُحبّ في الله، ويُبغض في الله، ويُعطي في الله، ويمنع في الله.

610. عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: لمّا اشتدّ على أبي ذرّ الأمر قال: رَبِّ خنقني خناقك، فوعزّتك إنّك تعلم أن قلبي يُحبّك.

611. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: حُبّ الأبرار للأبرار ثوابٌ للأبرار، وحُبّ الفجّار للأبرار فضيلةٌ للأبرار، وبُغضُ الفُجّار للأبرار زينٌ للأبرار، وبُغضُ الأبرار للفُجّار خِزيٌ علىَ الفجّار.

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612- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "God will reward any man who loves another man for the sake of God, even if God knows that the second man is going to be one of the residents of Hell. God will also reward any man who hates another man for the sake of God, even if God knows that the man being hated is going to be one of the residents of Heaven."

613- A man told Imam Musa ibn Ja'far (a.s): "When a man comes to me and swears to God that he loves me, can I swear to God that he is honest?" Imam Musa ibn Ja'far (a.s) replied: "Check to see if you love him wholeheartedly. Then swear if you love him."

614- A man asked Imam Sadiq (a.s) regarding another man who claimed he loved him. He asked how he could be sure that the man loved him. Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "See if you really love him, too. If so, he really loves you."

615- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever makes friends inappropriately is exposed to losing that friendship."

616- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "We love to benefit from our wives, families and God-given things like maids and slaves. And we should pray for what God's decree has not yet descended. Once the divine decree descends, we can no longer love what God does not love."

617- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "People worship God in three ways. Some worship Him in the hope of receiving His rewards. This is the form of worshipping of the greedy ones. Some worship Him because they are afraid of the Fire. This is the form of worshipping of the servants who are afraid. But I worship Him because I love Him, and this is the form of worshipping of the noble ones. This form of worshipping is based on peace of mind, since God the Almighty said: "And they will be secure from terror that Day." [The Holy Quran: Naml 27:89] He also said: "If you love God, follow me: God will love you and forgive you your sins." [The Holy Quran: Ali-i-Imran 3:31], God loves whoever loves Him, and whomever God loves has peace of mind."

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612. عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: لو أنَّ رجلاً أحبّ رجلاً لله لأثابه الله على حُبّه إيّاه، وإن كان المحبوب في علم الله مِن أهل النار، ولو أنّ رجلاً أبغض رجلاً لله لأثابه الله على بُغضه إيّاه، وإن كان المُبغَض في علم الله مِن أهل الجنّة.

613. عن أبي الحسن عليه السلام قال له رجلٌ: إنّ الرجل من عرض الناس يلقاني فيحلف بالله أنّه يحبّني، فأُحلف بالله أنّه صادقٌ؟ فقال: امتحن قلبك فإن كان يُحبّه فاحلف وإلاّ فلا.

614. سأل رجلٌ أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن الرجل يقول: أودّك، فكيف أعلم أنّه يَودّني؟ فقال: امتحن قلبك فإنْ كنتَ تودّه فإنّه يودّك.

615. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: مَن وَضع حُبّه في غير موضعه فقد تعرّض للقطيعة.

616. قال الباقر عليه السلام إنّا لَنُحبّ أن نتمتّع بالأهل واللحمة والخول، ولنا أن ندعو بما لم ينزل أمر الله، فإذا نزل أمر الله لم يكن لنا أن نُحبّ ما لم يُحبّه الله.

617. ومِن كتاب روضة الواعظين: عن الصادق عليه السلام قال: إنّ الناس يَعبدون الله على ثلاثة أوجُهٍ: فطبقةٌ يعبدونه رغبةً في ثوابه فتلك عبادةُ الحرصاء وهو الطمع، وأُخرى يعبدونه فرقاً مِن النار فتلك عبادةُ العبيد وهي الرهبة، لكنّي أعبده حُبّاً له سبحانه و تعالي فتلك عبادةُ الكِرام، وهو الأمن لقوله سبحانه و تعالي: ]وَهُمْ مِنْ فَزَعِ يَوْمَئِذٍ آمِنُونَ[ ولقوله سبحانه و تعالي: ]قُلْ إنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ الله فاتَّبِعُوْني يُحْبِبْكُمُ الله وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ[ فمَن أحبّ الله أحبَّه الله سبحانه و تعالي و[من أحبّه] كان مِن الآمنين.

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618- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "On the Resurrection Day, whoever loves Me is with Me, and whoever loves a stone, God will resurrect him with that stone."

619- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "One of the strongest handles of faith is to love for the sake of God, to hate for the sake of God, to give charity or not give charity for the sake of God."

620- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Whoever possesses the following three characteristics has experienced the true feeling of faith: 1- God and the Prophet of God are dearer to him than others. 2- He loves the people only for the sake of God. 3- He prefers to go to Hell than becoming an infidel after being saved from the Fire of Hell by God."

621- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "I swear by the One who controls my life that you will not enter Heaven unless you have faith. You will not have faith unless you love each other. Do you want me to tell you what to do to love each other? Just greet each other."

622- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "When the people acquire knowledge but malpractice; are friends on the surface but are truly each other's enemies; and cut off relations of kin, God will damn them, and will make them dumb and blind."

623- God's Prophet (a.s) once told one of his companions: "O' Servant of God! Love for the sake of God, and hate for the sake of God. Make friends for God's sake. Fight for God's sake. Indeed no one can attain God's friendship otherwise, and no one can experience the taste of faith otherwise, even if he prays and fasts a lot. Certainly most friendships today are for worldly affairs. They express friendship, or hatred to each other on that basis. But this will not make them needless of their Lord." Then the man said: "O' Prophet of God! Is it possible for me to realize for sure that I have loved or hated for the sake of God? But who is the Almighty God's friend so that I love him and obey him? Who is God's enemy so that I can hate him and be his enemy?" Then the Prophet of God pointed to the Ali and said: "Do you see and know this man?" He said: "Yes." He said: "He is God's friend, so love him. His enemies are the enemies of God. Therefore be their enemy, and always be friends with his friends even if they kill your brother and son. Be the enemy of his enemies even if they are your father or son."

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618 . قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله : من أحبّنا كان معنا يوم القيامة ، ولو أنّ رجلاً أحبّ حجراً لحشره الله معه .

619 . قال الصادق عليه السلام : من أوثق عرى الايمان أن يحبّ في الله ويبغض في الله ، ويعطي في الله ، ويمنع في الله عزّوجلّ .

620 . قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله : ثلاثٌ من كنّ فيه وجد طعم الإيمان : من كان الله ورسوله أحبّ إليه ممّا سواهما ، ومن كان يحبّ المرء لا يحّبه إلاّ لله ، ومن كان يلقى في النار أحبّ اليه من ان يرجع إلى الكفر بعد أ، أنقذه الله منه .

621 . وقال صلى الله عليه وآله : والّذي نفسي بيده ، لا تدخلوا الجنّة حتى تؤمنوا ، ولا تؤمنوا حتّى تحابّوا ، أولا أدلّكم على شيء إذا فعلتموه تحاببتم ؟ أفشوا السلام بينكم .

622 . وقال صلى الله عليه وآله : إذا الناس أظهروا العلم وضيّعوا العمل ، وتحابّوا بالألسن وتباغضوا بالقلوب ، وتقاطعوا في الأرحام لعنهم الله عند ذلك ، وأصمّهم وأعمى أبصارهم .

623 . وقال صلى الله عليه وآله لبعض أصحابه ذات يومٍ : يا عبد الله أحبب في الله وأبغض في الله ، ووال في الله وعاد في الله فإنّه لا تنال ولاية الله إلاّ بذلك ، ولا يجد رجل طعم الإيمان وإن كثر صلاته وصيامه حتّى يكون كذلك ، وقد صارت مؤاخاة الناس يومكم هذا أكثرها في الدنيا ، وعليها يتوادّون وعليها يتباغضون ، وذلك لا يغني عنهم من الله شيئاً ، فقال له : وكيف لي أن أعلم أنّي قد واليت في الله وعاديت في الله فمن وليّ اله حتّى اواليه ، ومن عدوّ الله حتّى اعاديه ؟ فأشار له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله إلى عليّ عليه السلام فقال : أترى ذلك ؟ فقال : بلى ، قال : وليّ هذا وليّ الله فواله ، وعدوّ هذا عدوّ الله فعاده ، ووال وليّ هذا ولو أنه قاتل ابيك وولدك ، وعاد عدوّ هذا ولو أنه أبوك وولدك .

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624- The Prophet of God (a.s) said: “Whoever recognizes God and His Grandeur will shut his mouth up. He will neither talk nor eat. He will fast and stay up at night to pray.” They asked him: “O' Prophet of God! May our parents be your devoted servants! Are they God's saints?” He said: “God's saints are quiet, and their silence is in remembrance of God. They look, and their looking is to learn a lesson. They talk, and their sayings are words of wisdom. They walk around, and their walking is a blessing for the people. If their life was not predestined for them, their souls would leave their bodies from the fear of divine punishment and the eagerness for receiving divine rewards.”

625- God's Prophet (a.s) said: “When God the Almighty sees that the people of a village have excessively committed sins, but there are three believers in the village, He will call the people who commit sins and tell them that He would have sent down His true punishment without any hesitation if there were no believers who loved God's Grandeur, who prayed, and constructed mosques and asked for God's forgiveness at dawn due to their fear of God.”

626- In Al-Seyed Nasih al-Din it is narrated that God the Almighty asked Moses (a.s): “Have you ever done anything for Me? “He said:” O' my Lord! I prayed, fasted, gave charity for You and remembered you often.” God the Almighty said: “But praying was a light to guide you in your path, fasting was an armor against the Fire, charity was a shade, alms was light, and your remembrance of Me was Heavenly palaces for you. What have you done for Me?” Moses asked: “Please advise me on what I can do for just for You.” God the Almighty replied: “O' Moses! Have you ever made friends with anyone just for Me?” Moses then realized that the best thing to do is to make friends in the way of God, and to be enemy of some people in the way of God.

627- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: “If you love God and his Prophet, and God and His Prophet love you too, your enemies cannot hurt you since none of God's friends are the enemies of God's friends, and no one's friendship but God's can be beneficial for you.”

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624. قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم مَن عرف الله وعظّمه منع فاه مِن الكلام، وبطنه مِن الطعام، وعنى نفسه بالصيام والقيام، قالوا: بآبائنا وأُمّهاتنا يا رسول الله، هؤلاء أولياء الله؟ قال: إنّ أولياء الله سكتوا فكان سُكوتهم فِكراً، وتكلّموا فكان كلامُهم ذِكراً، ونظروا فكان نظرُهم عِبرةً، ونطقوا فكان نُطقُهم حكمةً، ومَشَوا فكان مَشيُهم بين الناس بركةً، ولولا الآجال الّتي كُتبت عليهم لم تستقرّ أرواحهم في أجسادهم خوفاً مِن العذاب وشوقاً إلى الثواب.

625. وقال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم إنّ الله تبارك وتعالى إذا رأى أهل قريةٍ قد أسرفوا في المعاصي وفيها ثلاث نفرٍ مِن المؤمنين ناداهم جلّ جلاله وتقدّست أسماؤه: يا أهل معصيتي، لولا مَن فيكم مِن المؤمنين المتحابّين لجلالي، العامرين بصلاتهم أرضي ومساجدي، والمستغفرين بالأسحار خوفاً منّي لأنزلتُ بِكُم عَذابي ثمّ لا أُبالي.

626. مِن كتاب السيّد ناصح الدين أبي البركات: قال الله سبحانه و تعالي لموسى: هل عملتَ لي عملاً قطّ؟ قال: إلهي صلّيتُ لك وصمتُ وتصدّقتُ وذكرتُك كثيراً، قال الله تبارك وتعالى: أمّا الصلاة فلك برهانٌ، والصوم جُنّةٌ، والصدقة ظِلٌّ، والزكاة نورٌ، وذِكْرك لي قصورٌ، فأيّ عملٍ عملتَ لي؟ قال موسى: دلّني على العمل الّذي هو لك، قال: يا موسى، هل واليتَ لي وليّاً قطّ؟ أو هل عاديتَ لي عدوّاً قطّ؟ فعلم موسى أنّ أفضل الأعمال الحُبّ في الله والبُغض في الله.

627. قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام ما ضرّك إن أحببتَ الله ورسوله وأحبّك الله ورسوله مَن أبغضك، فإنّه ليس أحدٌ مِن أولياء الله يُبغض أحبّاء الله، ولا أحدٌ مِن غيره يُحبُّك فينفعك حُبّه.

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He then quoted the Prophet of God: “One whose companion is God has no fear; one who is honored by God will never be humiliated. One whose needs are provided by God will never become needy. One who gets used to God will only have God as his companion. Whoever asks God for honor, God will grant him honor even if he has no helpers or any tribes. Whoever asks God to make him needless, God will make him needless of the rest of the world.”

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ثمّ قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم لا يَستَوحش مَن كان الله أنيسه، ولا يَذلّ مَن كان الله أعزّه، ولا يَفتقر مَن كان بالله غِناؤُه، فمَن استأنس بالله آنسه الله بغير أنيسٍ، ومَن اعتزّ بالله أعزّه الله بغير عددٍ ولا عشيرةٍ، ومَن يستغني بالله أغناه الله بغير دُنياه.