Chapter 1

On Choosing Friends

1040- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Do not deceive others since you will then be left without any friends."

1041- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Any believer is the brother of any other believer. He will not oppress, humiliate, deceive or lie to his brothers."

1042- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "It is not appropriate for a believer to become friends with a believer or others of a higher rank through fear since a believer's religion is honorable."

1043- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Do not let the existing decency between you and your religious brother be removed since it will result in the loss of your honor, but its presence will help maintain manliness."

1044- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "You should inform your religious brothers whenever life gets hard for you. You should not rely solely on yourself as you may get overpowered."

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الباب الرابع

في آداب المعاشرة مع الناس وما
يتصل بها

الفصل الأول

في اتخاذ الإخوان

1040. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: لا تَغُشَّ الناس فتبقى بغير صديقٍ.

1041. وعنه عليه السلام قال: المؤمنُ أخو المؤمن، لا يَظلمه ولا يَخذله ولا يَغشّه ولا يَغتابه ولا يَخونه ولا يَكذبه.

1042. قال عليه السلام لا ينبغي للمؤمن أن يَستوحش إلى أخيه المؤمن فمَن دونه، فإنّ المؤمن عزيزٌ في دينه.

1043. وعنه عليه السلام قال: لا تُذهب الحِشمةَ فيما بينك وبين أخيك، فإنّ ذهاب الحِشمة ذهاب الحياء، وبقاء الحِشمة بقاء المُروءة.

1044. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: إذا ضاق أحدكم فليُعلم أخاه، ولا يعين على نفسه.

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1045- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever values God's religion will honor the rights of his believing brothers, but whoever undervalues his religion will undervalue his believing brothers."

1046- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "If a believer is asked by another believer to help fulfill one of his vital needs, and he refuses to do so although he is able to directly or indirectly fulfill his needs, he will be resurrected with his hands tied to his neck and has to wait until God finishes the reckoning of all His creatures' accounts."

1047- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever associates with his believing brother just because he needs something, and does not really wish him well is similar to one who is treacherous to God and His Prophet."

1048- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "A believer's right over other believers is to be sincerely advised."

1049- Himad ibn Uthman narrated that once when he was with Imam Sadiq (a.s), one of their companions entered, and Imam Sadiq asked him: "Why has so and so complained to me about you?" He replied: "He is complaining because I have asked him to pay back what is mine." Imam Sadiq said: "Did you not think that he might get upset if you do so. Have you not read God's words in: "Those who join together those things which God hath commanded to be joined, hold their Lord in awe, and fear the terrible reckoning." [The Holy Quran: Ra'd 13:21] "Do they fear that God may oppress them? No. They fear that they be asked for their account of deeds. God called it "the terrible reckoning", implying that it is bad to reckon with your brother."

1050- Ja'far ibn Muhammad ibn Malik narrated that one of the companions of Imam Sadiq asked him if they should pray for their brothers who work for the government. The Imam (a.s) asked him if there is any use in what they do for him. When he replied no, Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "I have broken off from them, so you should break off from them too."

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1045. وعنه عليه السلام قال: من عظّم دين الله عظّم حقّ إخوانه، ومَن استخفّ بدينه استخفّ بإخوانه.

1046. وعنه عليه السلام قال: مَن سأله أخوه المؤمن حاجةً مِن ضُرٍّ فمنعه مِن سَعةٍ وهو يقدر عليها مِن عنده أو مِن عند غيره حشره الله يومَ القيامة مغلولةً يده إلى عُنُقه حتّى يفرغ الله مِن حساب الخلق.

1047. عنه عليه السلام قال: مَن مشى مع أخيه المؤمن في حاجةٍ فلم يُناصحه فقد خان الله ورسوله.

1048. عن الباقر عليه السلام قال: يحقّ على المؤمن للمؤمن النصيحة.

1049. عن حمّاد بن عثمان قال: كنتُ عند أبي عبد الله عليه السلام إذ دخل عليه رجلٌ من أصحابنا، فقال له أبو عبد الله عليه السلام ما لأخيك يَشكو مِنك؟ قال: يشكوني إنّي استقصيتُ حقّي منه! فقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام كأنّك إذا استقصيتَ حقّك لم تسيء، أرأيتَ ما ذكر الله جلّ وعزّ في القرآن: ]وَيَخافُونَ سُوءَ الْحِسابِ[ أخافوا أن يجور الله جلّ ثناؤه عليهم؟ لا والله ما خافوا ذلك، وإنّما خافوا الاستقصاء فسمّاه الله سُوءَ الحِساب، نعم مَن استقصى مِن أخيه فقد أساء.

1050. عن جعفر بن محمّد بن مالك رفعه إلى أبي عبد الله عليه السلام عن بعض أصحابنا قال: قلتُ لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام إخواننا يَتولّون عملَ السُلطان، أفندعو لهم؟ فقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام هل يَنفعونكم؟ قلتُ: لا، فقال: ابرؤا منهم، برئ الله منهم.

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1051- Muhammad ibn San'an narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Do not embark in a deal in which there are more losses for you than there are gains for your believing brother." Ibn San'an said: "This means that if a man has a lot of debts but you have only a little bit of money and wish to repay his debt, do not do so since you will lose all your money and his debt will not be settled either."

1052- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "On the Resurrection Day a believer will be asked to watch the people, and find out whoever has somehow helped him by feeding him, or giving him something to drink, etc. He will then be allowed to take the hands of all the people who somehow helped him and take them all to Heaven."

1053- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever respects a believer it is as if he has respected God. Whoever prays for his believing brother, God will fend off calamities from him and increase his share of daily bread."

1054- Imam Ali (a.s) said: "Pay attention to your brothers as they will be useful for you in this world and the Hereafter. Have you not heard God quote the residents of Hell: "Now, then, we have none to intercede (for us), nor a single friend to feel (for us)." [The Holy Quran: Shu'araa 26:100-101]

1055- Imam Ali (a.s) said: "Even if you stay up for many nights for worship, and fast for many days and make a sacrifice between the corner of the Ka'ba before the Black Stone (Hajar ul-Aswad), and the Position of Abraham, God will resurrect you on the Resurrection Day with whomever or whatever you love extremely. If it or they are supposed to be in Heaven, you will be in Heaven, and if it or they are to be in Hell, you will be in Hell, too."

1056- The Prophet (a.s) said: "Anyone who becomes friends with others for the sake of God, will attain a rank in Heaven."

1057- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "It is not fair to demand justice from your believing brothers."

1058- A man went to see Salman Farsi and told him that someone had invited him for dinner. He said: "Go greet him and ask him if I can bring all my companions with me." The man went, and returned and said: "Yes. Come with all

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1051. عن محمّد بن سنان قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام لا تدخل لأخيك في أمرٍ مَضرّته عليك أعظم مِن مَنفعته له. قال ابن سنان: يعني إنّ الرجل يكون عليه دينٌ كثيرٌ ولك مالٌ قليلٌ، فتُؤدّي عنه فيذهب مالك ولا تكون قضيتَ دينه.

1052. عنه عليه السلام قال: يُقال للمؤمن يومَ القيامة: تصفّح وجوه الناس، فمَن سقاك شَربةً أو أطعمك أكلةً أو فعل بك كذا وكذا خُذْ بيده فأدخله الجنّة، فأخذ بيده فأدخله الجنّة.

1053. وعنه عليه السلام قال: مَن أكرم مُؤمناً فكأنّما يُكرم الله، ومَن دعا لأخيه المؤمن دفع الله عنه البَلاء ودَرَّ عليه الرِزق.

1054. وعن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام قال: عليكم بالإخوان فإنّهم عدّةٌ للدنيا وعدّةٌ للآخرة، ألا تسمع إلى قول أهل النار: ]فَما لَنَّا مِنْ شافِعِينَ * وَلا صَدِيْقٍ حَمِيمٍ.

1055. وقال عليه السلام لو أنّ رجلاً قام الليل وصام النهار وذبح بين الرُكن والمقام لم يبعثه الله يومَ القيامة إلا مع مَن أحبّ بالغاً ما بَلَغ، إنْ جنّةً فجنّةً وإنْ ناراً فناراً.

1056. عن النبيّ صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم ما أحدث عبدٌ أخا في الله إلا أحدث له درجةً في الجنّة.

1057. عن الصادق عليه السلام ليس مِن الإنصاف مُطالبةُ الإخوان بالإنصاف.

1058. جاء رجلٌ إلى سلمان الفارسي فدعاه، فقال: إنّ فلاناً صنع لك طعاماً، فقـال: اقـرأه مِنّي السـلام وقُلْ له أنا ومَن مَعي؟ فرجع الرسول فقال: أنتَ ومَن

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your companions." There were thirteen people in all. They went to the man's house and asked for permission to enter. The host stepped out of his house, took Salman's hand, and directed them all into the house. He asked Salman to sit down and asked the rest to sit on the right and left hands sides. The weather was hot, so he unbuttoned his shirt and laughed. Then Salman laughed, and the others laughed, too. Then they asked why Salman had laughed. He said: "I heard God's Prophet say that God will look upon whoever honors his Muslim brothers with Godly intentions. And whoever is looked upon by God will never be punished."

1059- Anas narrated that someone offered a roasted head of lamb to one of the companions of the Prophet, but he turned it down and asked him to give it to someone else who needed it more than his family. The man took the head of lamb to the other person, but he asked that it be given to someone else, too. This was repeated with seven other people until it was finally given to the first man to whom it was originally offered. Then the following verse was revealed: "But give them preference over themselves, even though poverty was their (own lot). And those saved from the covetousness of their own souls, -they are the ones that achieve prosperity." [The Holy Quran: Hashr 59:9]

1060- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Whoever hears gossip about another believer and defends him, God will help him in this world and the Hereafter. But whoever hears gossip about another believer and can defend him but does not do so, God will scare him in this world and the Hereafter."

1061- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "Whoever objects to and interrupts his Muslim brother has indeed violated his honor."

1062- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "A believer is like a mirror for his believing brother and should remove his troubles."

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مَعَك، قال: فَقُمنا وكُنّا ثلاثة عشر رجلاً فأتينا الباب فاستأذن [سلمان] فخرج ربّ البيت فأخذ بيد سلمان فأدخله البيت، فأمر رفقتنا عن يمينه وشماله فأجلسه وحلّ زرّ قميصه، وكان أيّام حرٍّ ففرح منه فضحك سلمان ففرحنا بضحكه، فقلنا: يا أبا عبد الله، ما الَّذي أضحكك؟ قال: سمعتُ رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم يقول: ما مِن رجلٍ مسلمٍ أكرم أخاه المسلم بتكرمةٍ يُريد بها وجهَ الله إلا نظر الله إليه، وما نظر الله إلى عبدٍ [إلا] فلا يُعذّبه أبداً.

1059. عن أنس قال: أُهدي لرجلٍ مِن أصحاب النبيّ صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم رأس شاةٍ مَشويٍّ فقال: إنّ أخي فُلاناً وعياله أحوج إلى هذا حقّاً، فبعث إليه، فلم يزل يبعث به واحدٌ إلى واحدٍ حتّى تداولوا بها سبعة أبياتٍ حتّى رجعت إلىَ الأوّل فنزل:
]وَيؤْثِرُونَ عَلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَلَوْ كانَ بِهِمْ خَصاصَةٌ وَمَنْ يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفْسِهِ فَأُوْلئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ.[

1060. عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: مَن اغتيبَ عنده أخوه المؤمن فنصره وأعانه نصره الله في الدنيا والآخرة، ومَن اغتيبَ عنده المؤمن فلم ينصره ولم يدفع عنه وهو يقدر على نُصرته وعونه خوّفه الله في الدنيا والآخرة.

1061. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم مَن عرض لأخيه المسلم فكأنّما خَدَش وجهه.

1062. وقال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم المؤمنُ مِرآة أخيه يُميط عنه الأذى.

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Chapter 2

On Etiquette

1063- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Moavieh ibn Vahaeb narrated that he asked Imam Sadiq (a.s): "What is the proper way for us to treat others from our tribe and those who associate with us?" Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Return to them what you are entrusted with. If they ask you to, witness on their behalf. Visit their patients and attend their funeral processions."

1064- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Gather together in the mosque, and wish for others what you wish for yourselves. Are you not ashamed of not respecting your neighbor's rights while they respect your rights?"

1065- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said the following regarding the verse: "For we see thou art one that doth good (to all)." [The Holy Quran: Yusuf 12:36] "This verse refers to those who make room for their friends in meetings, give loans to those in need, and help the weak."

1066- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Do not do what you will later have to apologize for, since a believer does not do anything for which he has to apologize. However a hypocrite always does wicked acts and apologizes later."

1067- Jabir narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said the following regarding the verse: "Speak fair to the people." [The Holy Quran: Baqara 2:83]
"Tell the people the best things you like to be told about you, since God does not like those who swear, slander or abuse the believers, nor does He like those who use obscene language or are stubborn beggars. God loves those who are patient and virtuous."

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الفصل الثّاني

في آداب المعاشرة

1063. من كتاب المحاسن: عن مُعاوية بن وهب قال: قلتُ لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام كيفَ يَنبغي لنا أن نصنع فيما بيننا وبين قومنا، وفيما بيننا وبين خُلطائنا مِن الناس؟ فقال: تؤدّون الأمانة إليهم، وتُقيمون الشهادة لهم وعليهم، وتعودون مَرضاهم، وتشهدون جنائزهم.

1064. عنه عليه السلام قال: احضروا مع قومكم مساجدكم، وأحبّوا للناس ما تُحبّون لأنفسكم، أما يستحي الرجل منكم أن يعرف جاره حقّه ولا يعرف حقّ جاره.

1065. عنه عليه السلام قال: في قول الله سبحانه و تعالي: ]إنَّا نَراكَ مِنَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ[ فقال: كان يُوسّع للجليس، ويستقرض للمحتاج، ويُعين الضعيف.

1066. عنه عليه السلام قال: إيّاكم وما يعتذر منه فإنّ المؤمن لا يُسيء ولا يعتذر، والمنافق يُسيء كلّ يومٍ ويعتذر.

1067. [عن جابر] عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام في قوله الله سبحانه و تعالي: ]وَقُوُلُوا لِلْنَاسِ حُسْناً[ قال: قولوا للناس أحسن ما تُحبّون أن يُقال لكم، فإنّ الله يُبغض اللعّان السبّاب الطعّان على المؤمنين، والفاحِش المتفحّش، والسائل الملحِف، ويُحبّ الحييّ الحليم العفيف المتعفّف.

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1068- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Assist whomever you associate with as much as you can."

1069- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whenever three believers get together, no two of them should whisper in each others ears as this will hurt the third one."

1070- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "When your believing brother is not present, talk about him as you like him to talk about you in a similar situation, and do not talk about things related to him which you do not like him to talk about you in a similar situation. These are good deeds. Act like one who is certain to be responsible for his deeds."

1071- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Everything about a believer is respectable, including his honor, his wealth and his life."

1072- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Do not seek the flaws of the believers, since then God will seek your flaws, and cause you public disgrace even if you are at home."

1073- Imam Ali (a.s) said: "I prefer that you mediate between two people who have problems in their relationship than to give two Durhams in charity."

1074- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "It is forbidden to tell a lie, unless it is beneficial for a believer or is meant to defend a believer's faith and religion."

1075- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "The type of charity that is loved by God is mediation between people who are fighting with each other, and helping them get closer to each other when they are about to be separated from each other."

1076- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "All believers joke."

1077- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "Do not make fun of people because this will cause resentment and yields animosity. This kind of action is like a minor insult."

1078- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Do not make fun of people since it will ruin one's honor and dignity. The Prophet's companions used to gather together and tell jokes until the following verse was revealed: "Has not the time arrived for the Believers that their hearts in all humility should engage in the remembrance of God." [The Holy Quran: Hadid 57:16] Then after the Prophet recited this verse they stopped their joking and vain talk."

1079- Imam Kazim (a.s) said: "Yahya ibn Zacharia used to cry, and not laugh, but Jesus used to laugh and cry. What Jesus did was better than what Yahya did."

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1068. عن الباقر عليه السلام قال: مَن خالطتَ فإن استطعتَ أن تكون يدك العُليا عليه فافعل.

1069. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: إذا كان ثلاثةً من المؤمنين فلا يتناجيان منهم اثنان دون صاحبهما، فإنّ ذلك ممّا يُحزنه ويُؤذيه.

1070. وعنه عليه السلام قال: أُذكر أخاك إذا توارى عنك بما تُحبّ أن يذكرك به إذا تواريتَ عنه، ودَعْهُ مِن كلّ ما تُحبّ أن يدعك منه فإنّ ذلك هو العمل، واعمل عمل مَن يعلم أنّه مجزى بالإحسان مأخوذٌ بالأجرام.

1071. قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم المؤمنُ حرامٌ كلّه عِرضه وماله ودمه.

1072. عن النبيّ صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم قال: لا تطلبوا عَثَرات المؤمنين فإنّ مَن تتبّع عَثَرات أخيه تتبّع الله عَثرته، ومَن تتبّع الله عَثرته فضحه ولو في جوف بيته.

1073. قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام لإن أُصلح بين اثنين أحبُّ إليَّ مِن أن أتصدّق بدينارين.

1074. عن الباقر عليه السلام قال: الكِذب كلّه إثمٌ إلا ما نفعتَ به مؤمناً أو دفعتَ به عن دين المسلم.

1075. عن الصادق عليه السلام قال: صدقةٌ يُحبّها الله؛ إصلاحٌ بين الناس إذا تفاسدوا، وتقريبٌ إذا تباعدوا.

1076. عنه عليه السلام قال: ما مِن مؤمنٍ إلا وفيه دُعابةٌ، قلتُ: وما الدُعابة؟ قال: المزاح.

1077. وقال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام إيّاكم والمزاح، فإنّه يَجرّ السَخيمة ويورث الضغينة، وهو السبّ الأصغر.

1078. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: إيّاكُم والمزاح فإنّه يُذهب بماء الوجه ومَهابة الرجل، كان أصحاب رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم يجلسون فيلهون ويتحدّثون ويضحكون حتّى أنزل الله سبحانه و تعالي: ]أَلَمْ يَأْنِ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ تَخْشَعَ قُلُوْبَهَمْ لِذِكْرِ الله[ فلمّا قرأ رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم عليهم هذه الآية تركوا الحديث واللهو والمزاح.

1079. عن أبي الحسن الأوّل عليه السلام قال: إنّ يحيى بن زكريّا كان يَبكي ولا يَضحك، وكان عيسى يَضحك ويبكي، وكان الَّذي يصنع عيسى أفضل ممّا يصنع يحيى.

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1080- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "A believer's laughter is just a smile."

1081- We read in another tradition (narrated by Khalid ibn Tahman on the authority of Imam Kazim (a.s)]: "Whenever you laugh loudly you should pray God not to get angry with you."

1082- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "Laughing without a cause for delight is due to ignorance."

1083- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Laughing too much will eliminate faith."

1084- Imam Reza (a.s) said: "Call men by their family names in their presence, and their names in their absence."

1085- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "The rights of a believer over another believer include: to feed him when he is hungry; to clothes him; to save him from trouble; to pay off his debts; and to take care of his family if he dies."

1086- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "There are seven rights for any believer that are incumbent upon other believers to honor. All seven are obligatory. If you do not honor any of these rights, you have left the domain of divine friendship and God's servitude." He was asked what these seven rights were. He replied: "The simplest right is that you should like for them what you like for yourself, and dislike for them what you dislike for yourself. The second right is that you must assist them in fulfilling their needs and please them and not act against their words. The third right is that you must use your property, wealth, tongue, hands and feet to assist them. The fourth right is that you must be like their eyes, their guide, their mirror, and their clothing. The sixth right is that if you have a wife and a servant, and your (believing) brother does not, you must send your maid to his house to wash his clothes, prepare his food and make ready his bed. These are all established duties between you and him. The seventh right is that you must accept his oath, go to visit him if he gets ill, and make all efforts to fulfill his needs. You should not let him beg you for help, but immediately fulfill his needs. Once you do this, you tie his friendship and yours together, and tie your friendship to God's friendship."

(477 )

1080. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: ضِحك المؤمن تَبسّمٌ.

1081. وفي رواية [عن خالد بن طهمان عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام ] قال: إذا قَهْقَهْتَ فقل: اللّهمّ لا تَمقُتني.

1082. عن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام قال: إنّ مِن الجهل الضِحك مِن غير عُجبٍ.

1083. عن الصادق عليه السلام قال: كَثرةُ الضِحك تَمجُّ الإيمان مَجّاً.

1084. عن الرضا عليه السلام قال: إذا كان الرجل حاضراً فَكَنِّه، وإذا كان غائباً فَسَمِّه.

1085. عن الباقر عليه السلام قال: مِن حقّ المؤمن على أخيه أن يشبع جوعته، ويُواري عورته، ويُفرّج عنه كُربته، ويَقضي دَينه، فإذا مات خلّفه في أهله وولده.

1086. ومن كتاب روضة الواعظين: عن الصادق عليه السلام قال: للمؤمن على المؤمن سبعةُ حقوقٍ واجباتٍ ما فيها حقٌّ إلا وعليه واجبٌ، إن خالفه خرج مِن ولاية الله وترك طاعته، ولم يكن لله سبحانه و تعالي فيه نصيبٌ، قلتُ: جعلتُ فداك حدّثني ما هي؟ قال: أيسر حقٍّ منها أن يُحبّ له ما يُحبّ لنفسهِ، ويَكره له ما يكره لنفسه، والحقّ الثاني أن يَمشي في حاجته ويَبتغي رضاه ولا يُخالف قوله، والحقُّ الثالث أن تَصِله بنفسك ومالِك ويدك ورِجلك ولِسانك، والحقُّ الرابع أن تكون عينه ودليلَه ومرآتَه وقميصَه، والحقُّ الخامس أن لا تَشبَعَ ويجوع ولا تَلبَسَ ويعرى ولا تروى ويظمأ، والحقُّ السادس أن تكون لك امرأةٌ وخادمٌ وليس لأخيك امرأةٌ ولا خادمٌ، أن تبعث خادمك فيغسل ثيابه ويصنع طعامه ويُمهّد فراشه، فإنّ ذلك كلّه إنّما جعل بينك وبينه، والحقُّ السابع أن تبرّ قسمه وتُجيب دعوته وتشهد جنازته وتَعوده في مَرَضه وتشخص ببدنك في قضاء حاجته، ولا تحوِجه إلى أن يسألك، ولكن تُبادر إلى قضاء حوائجه، فإذا فعلتَ ذلك به وصلتَ ولايته بولايتك، وولايتك بولاية الله I.

(478 )

1087- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever is given a public responsibility, acts justly, opens the door of his house to the people, draws the curtain aside and looks after the affairs of the people, God the Almighty is bound not to frighten him, and let him enter Heaven in the Hereafter."

1088- Mufaz'zil ibn Amr narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) was asked: "What is the smallest right of a believer over his believing brother?" He replied: "That he does not place a higher priority for himself on what his believing brother needs more."

1089- Whenever Imam Hassan's teacher came in, Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) told Imam Hassan: "Stand up in respect for your master."

1090- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Whenever the head of a tribe comes to visit you, you should highly respect him."

1091- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "The reward of a believer who associates with the people and bears with their harassment is more than one who does not participate in public gatherings and does not put up with their hassles."

1092- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Seek nearness to God by sympathizing with your believing brothers."

1093- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "A believer is more respectable than the Kaba."

1094- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "When a man comes to see you, ask him his name and where he lives. Asking these questions will help foster friendship."

1095- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Whoever believes in God and the Resurrection Day should not divulge his Muslim brother's secrets to us."

1096- Once when the Prophet of God (a.s) and one of his companions entered a reed bed and picked two reeds, one was bent and the other one was straight. The Prophet gave the straight reed to his companion, and kept the bent one for himself. The man said: "O' Prophet of God! You are more deserving to have this one." The Prophet (a.s) said: "Not at all. Any believer who spends even one hour with a friend is held responsible and will be questioned in the Hereafter."

(479 )

1087. قال الصادق عليه السلام مَن تولّى أمرا مِن أُمور الناس، فعَدَل وفَتَح بابه ورَفَع ستره ونَظَر في أُمور الناس، كان حقّا علىَ الله سبحانه و تعالي أن يؤمن روعته يومَ القيامة ويُدخله الجنة.

1088. [عن المفضلّ بن عمر قال:] سُئل [أبو عبد الله عليه السلام ] ما أدنى حقُّ المؤمن على أخيه؟ قال: أن لا يَستأثر عليه بما هو أحوج إليه منه.

1089. عن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام قال لابنه الحسن عليه السلام حين دَخَلَ مُؤَدِّبُهُ: قُمْ لِمولاك.

1090. رُوي أنّ رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم قال: إذا أتاكم سيّدُ قومٍ فاعرفوا سؤدده.

1091. عن النبيّ صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم قال: المؤمنُ الَّذي يُخالط الناس ويصبر على أذاهُم أعظمُ أجراً مِن الَّذي لا يُخالطهم ولا يَصبر على أذاهم.

1092. وقال الصادق عليه السلام قال: تَقرّبوا إلى الله بمُواساة إخوانكم.

1093. وقال عليه السلام المؤمنُ أعظم حرمةً مِن الكعبة.

1094. وقال النبيّ صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم إذا جاء الرجلُ فاسأله عن اسمه واسم أبيه وممّن هو، فإنّه أوصل للمودّة.

1095. وقال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم مَن كان يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر فلا يَرفعَنَّ إلينا عورةَ أخيه المسلم.

1096. ودخل رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم غيضةً ومعه صاحبٌ له فقطع غُصنين: أحدُهما أعوَجٌ والآخر مُستقيمٌ، ودَفع إلى صاحبه المُستقيم وحَبس لِنفسه الأعوج، فقال الرجل: أنتَ أحقّ بهذا مِنّي يا رسول الله، قال: كلّا، ما مِن مؤمنٍ صاحَبَ صاحِباً إلا وهو مَسؤولٌ عنه يومَ القيامة ولو ساعةً مِن نهارٍ.

(480 )

1097- Imam Reza (a.s) told Ali ibn Yaq'tayn: "If you promise to do just one thing, I will guarantee three things for you." He asked what these were. Imam Reza (a.s) said: "I guarantee that you will never experience the heat of iron1; you will never get poor; and you will never be imprisoned." He asked what he should do instead. Imam Reza (a.s) said: "You should always respect any of my friends (of the Holy Household) who comes to you." Ali ibn Yaq'tayn promised to do so, and Imam Reza (a.s) guaranteed the above three.

1098- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "I advise you to fear God and tell the truth, to acquire piety and to strive to worship God, and to abandon sins. Beware that whoever does not control his wrath does not belong to our nation. So is one who does not honor friendship and is not a good friend, does not associate well, disturbs his neighbors, hurts his companions, does not treat his friends well, and does not oppose the one who tries to misguide him. I advise you to piety, abstention, concealing of faith and hiding your secrets. I swear by God that when I looked to the right and to the left, I saw people each going on their own way. I chose the right path from among all that dirt and dust. You should also fear God while you have time since there is no power other than God's Power."

1099- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever forces his brother to do what is beyond his power has been treacherous to God and His Prophet."

1100- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever sweats while trying to fulfill the needs of his believing brother will not be punished."
1 Translators' note: get killed by the sword
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1097. عن الرضا عليه السلام قال لِعليّ بن يقطين: اضمن لي خصلةً أضمنُ لك ثلاثاً، فقال: جُعلتُ فداك، وما الخصلة الّتي أضمنها لك وما الثلاث الّتي تَضمن لي؟ قال: فقال عليه السلام أمّا الثلاث الّتي أضمن لك: أن لا يُصيبك حَرُّ الحَديد أبداً بقتلٍ، ولا فاقةٌ، ولا سِجنُ حَبسٍ، قال: فقال عليّ: وما الخصلة الّتي أضمنها لك؟ قال: فقال: تَضمن لي أن لا يأتيك وليّ أبداً إلا أكرمتَه، قال: فضَمِن عليّ الخصلة وضمن له أبو الحسن عليه السلام الثلاث.

1098. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: عليكم باتّقاء الله وصِدق الحديث والورع والاجتهاد والخُروج عن مَعاصي الله، واعلموا أنّه ليس منّا مَن لم يملك نفسه عند الغضب، وليس منّا مَن لم يُحسن صُحبة مَن صحبه، ومُرافقة مَن رافقه، ومُخالطة مَن خالطه، ومُجاورة مَن جاوره، ومُجاملة مَن جامله، ومُمالحة مَن مالحه، ومُخالفة مَن خالفه، وعليكم باتّقاء الله والكفّ والتقيّة والكتمان، فإنّي والله نظرتُ يمينا وشمالا، فلمّا رأيتُ الناس قد أخذوا هكذا وهكذا أخذتُ الجادّة في غمار الناس، فاتّقوا ما استطعتم، ولا قوّةَ إلا بالله.

1099. قال عليه السلام مَن كلّف أخاه حاجةً فلم يُبالغ فيها فقد خان الله ورسوله.

1100. وقال عليه السلام مَن عَرقت جبهته في حاجة أخيه في الله سبحانه و تعالي لم يُعذّب بعد ذلك.