Chapter 8

O the Necessity of a Believer's
Submission to Destiny

1757- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "God will do what He has destined, and acts justly in implementing His decrees. No one can revert what He has destined or put off His decrees. The best of God's creatures are those who submit to God's decrees. God's decrees will be implemented for whoever recognizes God the Almighty and is content with divine destiny, and God will increase his rewards. On the other hand, God's decree will also be implemented for whoever does not like divine destiny, and his rewards would also be wasted."

1758- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "The dearest people to me are those who do not display their bad feelings when they get upset about something and do not look happy when they are pleased with something."

1759- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "How does a believer claim to believe when he is not pleased with his destiny, and belittles himself while his destiny is in the hands of God? I guarantee that the supplications of whoever only thinks about pleasing God will be favorably accepted."

1760- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Inspect your hearts. If you see that God has purified them of fear and anxiety about your deeds, then ask God for whatever you want."

1761- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God will not destine anything for a believer unless it is good for him. It would be good for him even if he is torn into pieces, or becomes the owner of everything from the East to the West."

1762- Imam Kazim (a.s) said: "If anyone becomes neglectful of God, he should not accuse God for his delayed income or accuse Him regarding divine destiny."

( 737 )

الفصل الثامن

في ذكر ما يجب على المؤمن من التسليم
لأمر الله والرضا بقضائه

1757. عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: إنّ الله قضى فأمضى قضاءه، وحكم فعدل في حكومته، فلم يك لقضائه رادٌّ ولا لحكمه معقّبٌ، فأحقّ خلق الله أن يُسلّم لما قضى الله سبحانه و تعالي من عرف الله تعالى ومن رضي بالقضاء مضى عليه القضاء وعظّم الله أجره، ومن سخط القضاء مضى عليه القضاء وأحبط الله أجره.

1758. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: لأُحبّ الرجل إذا جاء أمرٌ يكرهه أن لا يرى ذلك في وجهه، وإذا جاء ما يسرّه أن لا يُرى ذلك في وجهه.

1759. عنه عليه السلام قال: كيف يكون المؤمن مؤمناً وهو يسخط قسمه ويحتقر منزلته والحاكم عليه الله؟ فأنا ضامن لمن لم يهجس في قلبه إلا الرضا؛ إن دعا الله فيستجاب له.

1760. عنه عليه السلام قال: تحرّوا قلوبكُم فإن أنقاها الله مِن حركة الواحش لِسخط شيءٍ من صُنعه فسَلوه ما شِئتم.

1761. قال عليه السلام المسلمُ لا يَقضي الله له قضاءً إلاّ كان خيراً له، وإن قطع قطعاً كان خيراً له وإن ملك مَشارق الأرض ومَغاربها كان خيراً له.

1762. عن أبي الحسن الأوّل عليه السلام قال: يَنبغي لِمن غَفل عن الله أن لا يستبطئه في رزقه ولا يتهمه في قضائه.

( 738 )

1763- Imam Reza (a.s) was questioned about the orphan's treasure (mentioned in the Holy Quran). He said: "That treasure was a golden plate on which it was written: "In the Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is God's Prophet." I am amazed how one who is certain about death can be happy, and one who is certain about divine destiny can be sad. I am amazed how one who sees the world, and sees how the tables turn on people, can be so attached to this world." It is not proper for one who has recognized God to get upset whenever there is a delay in his daily bread, or to accuse God regarding His decrees."

1764- Imam Baqir (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "I am amazed at believers, since whatever God determines for them is good, whether it pleases them or upsets them. If God sends a calamity down upon a believer, it is penalty for his sins. If God gives him something and honors him, it is a gift."

1765- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "I am amazed at believers, since God will only destine what is good for them. If God makes a believer rich, it is good for him. If God sends a calamity down upon him, it is good for him. If God makes him the owner of whatever lies between the East and the West, it is good for him. Even if he is torn into pieces, it is good for him. There is good in any of God's decrees for a believer."

1766- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Imam Ali (a.s) said the following when he prayed: "O' Lord! Help me succeed in relying upon You, and leaving my affairs to You, and being content with what You have destined for me, and submit to your orders, so that I do not prefer to speed up what You delay, or put off what You speed up. O' Lord of the two worlds!"

1767- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "We really like to enjoy our family, relatives and servants. It is our right to ask God not to descend calamities upon us. But whenever God destines something, we are not allowed to like what God does not like."

1768- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Moses, the son of Imran (a.s) said: O' Lord! I am content with Your decree. You make the elders die, and keep the children." God said: "O' Moses! Are you not pleased with the way I give them daily bread, and guard them?" Moses said: "O' Lord! What a good guardian and what a good advocate you are."

( 739 )

1763. عن الرضا عليه السلام سُئل عن كنز اليتيم مِمَّ كان؟ فقال: كان لوحاً مِن ذهبٍ، فيه: "بِسْمِ الله الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ، لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله، عَجِبْتُ لِمَنْ أَيْقَنَ بِالْمَوْتِ كَيْفَ يَفْرَحُ وَعَجِبْتُ لِمَنْ أَيْقَنَ بِالْقَدْرِ كَيْفَ يَحْزَنُ! وَعَجِبْتُ لِمَنْ رَأىَ الدُّنْيا وَتَقَلّبَها بِأهْلِها كَيْفَ يَرْكَنَ إِلَيْها!" وينبغي لِمن عقل عن الله أن لا يستبطئه في رزقه ولا يتهمه في قضائه.

1764. عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم: عجباً للمؤمن، إنّ الله لا يَقضي عليه قضاءً إلاّ كان خيراً له؛ سَرّه ذلك أم ساءه، وإن ابتلاه كان كفّارةً لِذَنبه، وإن أعطاه وأكرمه فقد حباه.

1765. عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: عَجِبتُ للمؤمن إنّ الله لا يَقضي له بقضاءٍ إلاّ كان خيراً له، إن أغناه كان خيراً له وإن ابتلاه كان خيراً له، وإن ملّكه ما بين المشرق والمغرب كان خيراً له، وإن قُرض بالمقَارِض كان خيراً له، وفي قضاء الله للمؤمن كلُّ خيرٍ.

1766. عنه عليه السلام كان أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام يقول في دعائه: "اللهمَّ مُنَّ عَلَيَّ بِالْتَوَكُّلِ عَلَيْكَ وَالْتَّفْوِيضِ إِلَيْكَ والْرِضا بِقَدَرِكَ وَالْتَسْليم لأَمْرِكَ حَتَّى لا أُحِبُّ تَعْجيلَ ما أَخَّرْت وَلا تَأْخيرَ ما قَدَّمْتُ يا رب الْعالَمِينَ."

1767. عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: إنّا لَنحبُّ أن نَتمتَّعَ بالأهل واللحمة والخول، ولَنا أن ندعو الله بما لم ينزل أمر الله، فإذا نزل أمر الله لم يكن لَنا أن نُحبَّ ما لم يُحبُّه الله.

1768. عن الباقر عليه السلام قال: إنّ موسى بن عمران -صلوات الله عليه- قال: يا رب رضيتُ بما قضيتَ، تُميتُ الكبير وتُبقي الطِفل الصَغير، فقال الله: يا موسى، أما تَرضاني لهم رازقاً وكَفيلاً؟ قال: بلى يا رب، فَنِعْمَ الكَفيل أنتَ ونِعْمَ الوَكيل.

( 740 )

Chapter 9

On Death

1769- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "O' People! Fear God. He hears whatever you say and knows whatever you hide. Prepare yourselves for death. A death from which you try to escape will approach you. Even if you stay where you are, it will overcome you. It will remember you even if you forget it."

1770- It has been narrated that Usamat ibn Zayd bought a servant for one hundred Dinars to be paid for in one month. When God's Prophet (a.s) heard about this he said: "Are you not amazed that he has bought her and plans to pay for her in one month? Usamat has high ambitions. I swear by God who controls my life, that I do not even expect to live the very next moment. I am waiting for God to take away my life at any moment. I think I will die before I swallow any bite to eat." Then the Prophet (a.s) added: "O' Children of Adam! Prepare yourselves for death if you are intelligent. I swear by the One who controls my life: "All that hath been promised unto you will come to pass; nor can ye frustrate it (in the least bit)" [The Holy Quran: Anam 6:134]

1771- Imam Reza (a.s) was questioned about the saying of Ameer al-Momineen (a.s): "It is better to be killed with a sword than die in bed." Imam Reza (a.s) said: "It means to be killed in the way of God."

1772- Imam Baqir (a.s) narrated that when Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said his night prayer in Kufa, he loudly called the people in the mosque, so that they could hear him and said: "O' People! May God have Mercy upon you. Adopt fear of God which is the best thing for your trip to the Hereafter. Know that your path is towards the Hereafter, and that you must pass over the Bridge to the Hereafter. You have a great stress awaiting you. There are many awesome and hard to pass stages along the way. You have to go there, and stop at those stages. You can either pass through those awesome scenes and hardships and its trials by God's Mercy and be saved, or you may suffer from a destruction from which there is never any way to be saved."

( 741 )

الفصل التاسع

في الموت

1769. من كتاب روضة الواعظين قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام أيّها الناس، اتّقوا الله الّذي إن قُلتُم سَمِعَ وإن أضمرتُم عَلِمَ، وبادِروا للموت الّذي إن هَرَبتُم أدرككُم وإن أقمتُم أخذكُم وإن نسيتُموه ذَكَركُم.

1770. رُوي أنّ أُسامة بن زيد اشترى وليدةً بمائة دينارٍ إلى شهرٍ، فسَمِعَ رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم فقال: ألا تَعجبونَ مِن أُسامة المُشتري إلى شهرٍ، إنّ أُسامة لَطويل الأمل، والّذي نفسي بيده ما طرفت عيناي إلاّ ظننتُ أنّ شَفرتي لا يَلتقيان حتّى يَقبض الله روحي، ولا رفعتُ طرفي وظننتُ أنّي خافضه حتّى أقبض، ولا لَقمتُ لُقمةً إلاّ وظننتُ أنّي لا أسيغها أنحصر بها مِن الموت. ثمّ قال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم: يا بني آدم، إن كُنتُم تَعقلون فعدّوا أنفسكم من الموتى، والّذي نفسي بيده ]إنَّ ما تُوعَدُونَ لَآتٍ وَما أنتُمْ بِمُعْجِزينَ.[

1771. سُئل الرضا عليه السلام عن قول أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام لَضربةٌ بالسيف أهون مِن موتٍ على فِراشٍ، قال عليه السلام في سبيل الله.

1772. قال أبو جعفر عليه السلام كان أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام بالكوفة إذا صلّى العشاء الآخرة يُنادي الناس -ثلاث مرّاتٍ حتّى يسمع أهل المسجد-: أيّها الناس تَجَهَّزوا رَحِمَكُمُ الله! فقد نُوديَ فيكم بالرَحيل، فما التَعَرُّج علَى الدنيا بعد نداءٍ فيها بالرَحيل، تَجَهَّزوا رَحِمَكُم الله! وانتقلوا بأفضل ما بحضرتكم مِن الزاد وهو التقوى، واعلموا أنّ طريقكم إلىَ المعاد ومَمرّكُم علىَ الصراط، والهول الأعظم أمامَكم، وعلى طريقكم عقبةٌ كؤودٌ ومنازلٌ مهولةٌ مخوفةٌ، لابُدَّ لكُم مِن المَمَرّ عليها والوقوف بها، فأمّا برحمةٍ من الله فنجاةٌ مِن هولها وعظيم خطرها وفظاعة مَنظرها وشدّة مختبرها، وأمّا بهلكةٍ ليس بَعدَها نجاةٌ.

( 742 )

1773- God's Prophet (a.s) told Abdullah ibn Umar: "Live like passers-by and prepare yourself for death."

1774- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that God's Prophet (a.s) said: "There is comfort in death for a believer because he departs the world from which he fears, and he rushes towards what he expects and hopes for."

1775- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that one of the Ansar –helpers- asked God's Prophet (a.s): "Why is it that I do not like death?" The Prophet (a.s) asked: "Do you have any wealth?" He said: "Yes." Then the Prophet (a.s) said: "Then send your wealth (to the Hereafter) ahead of yourself. One is always attached to his wealth. If he sends it ahead of himself, then he likes to join it soon. But if he keeps it in this world, he likes to stay here with it."

1776- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Gabriel descended upon God's Prophet (a.s) and said: "O' Muhammad! God greets you and says: Do whatever you like since you will reach it; and love whoever you wish since you will separate from him. Live as much as you wish since you will die. O' Muhammad! Night prayer is an honor for a believer, and a believer's honor is dependent upon his tongue."

1777- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "An angel calls out everyday and says: "O' Children of Adam! Deliver children to die, collect wealth for destruction, and build your houses to be ruined."

1778- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "Whoever prepares himself for the future life of this world has not recognized the truth about death. People who have high aspirations will commit sins and do evil. If one could see his own death, and how fast it approaches him, then he would hate high aspirations and seeking (material things of) this world."

1779- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Remember death often, since one who often remembers death will abstain from the world."

1780- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "Know that graves are either gardens among the gardens of Heaven, or ditches among the ditches of Hell. Beware that the graves say the following three times each day: "I am the house of the believers. I am the place of the worms." Beware that a Day will come that is so horrible that breast-feeding mothers will drop their babies, kids will get old, the skies will be rent asunder, pregnant women will miscarry. The people will seem to be drunk, while they are not. They seem so due to the severity of God's punishment.

( 743 )

1773. وقال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم لابن عُمر: كُن في الدنيا كأنّك غريبٌ أو كعابر سبيلٍ، وعدّ نفسك مِن الموتى.

1774. ومن كتاب المحاسن: قال صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم: المؤمنُ له في الموت راحةٌ مِن فراق مَن يَحذره، وسُرعة القُدوم على مَن يَرجوه ويأمله.

1775. من كتاب الروضة: قال رجلٌ مِن الأنصار: يا رسول الله، مالي لا أُحبّ الموت؟ قال: هل لك مالٌ؟ قال: نَعَم يا رسول الله، قال: قَدِّمْ مالَك؛ فإنّ قلب الرَجُل مع مالِه إن قدّمه أحبّ أن يلحقه، وإن خَلّفه أحبّ أن يَتخلّف معه.

1776. ومِن كتابٍ: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام أتى جبرئيل رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم فقال: يا محمّد، إنّ الله يقرؤك السلام ويقول: اعمل ما شِئتَ فإنّك لاقيه، وأحبِبْ مَن شِئتَ فإنّك مُفارقةُ، وعِشْ ما شِئتَ فإنّك مَيِّتٌ، يا محمّد! صلاةُ الليل شرفُ المؤمن، وعزُّ المؤمن في لِسانه.

1777. قال أبو جعفر عليه السلام إنّ مَلَكاً يُنادي في كلّ يومٍ: ابن آدم لِد للموت واجْمَعْ لِلفَناء وابْنِ لِلخَراب.

1778. قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام ما أنزل الموت حقّ منزلته مَن عدّ غداً مِن أجله، وما أطال عبدٌ الأمل إلاّ أساء العمل. وكان يقول: لو رأىَ العبدُ أجَلَه وسُرعتَه إليه لأبغض الأمل وطلب الدنيا.

1779. وقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام أكثر ذكر الموت فإنّه لم يكثر عبدٌ ذِكر الموت إلاّ زَهّدَ في الدنيا.

1780. قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام ألا إنّ القُبور روضةٌ مِن رياض الجنّة أو حُفرةٌ مِن حُفَر النيران، ألا وإنّه يَتكلّم في كلّ يومٍ ثلاث مرّاتٍ: أنا بيتُ الوَحشة، أنا بيتُ الدود.

( 744 )

Beware that beyond the graves there is: "... a Garden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of the Earth." [The Holy Quran: Al-i-Imran 3:133] May God protect you and us from this painful punishment, and have Mercy upon us regarding the humiliating punishment."

1781- Imam Sadiq (a.s) narrated that Jesus, the son of Mary (a.s) said: "Death is a fear that you will not know when it overwhelms you. Why then do you not prepare yourselves for it?"

1782- In Uyun Akhbar al-Reza it is narrated that Imam Reza (a.s) quoted on the authority of his noble father (a.s): "When the news of the death of Ismaeil, the oldest son of Imam Sadiq (a.s), was given to Imam Sadiq (a.s) he was busy eating food with his friends. He smiled and asked the food to be served. He sat with his friends, ate food and warmly insisted that his friends eat even more than on other days. The people were surprised of not seeing any signs of grief on his face. When they finished the meal, the people said: "O' grandson of the Prophet! We are amazed by this situation. Your son has died and you are acting this way." He said: "Why should I not be this way, while I have been given the news of the most honest messengers? You and I will also die. There are some people who have recognized death, have prepared themselves for it, and do not deny the (existence) of one who has been taken away by death, and submit themselves to the will of God."

1783- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "If the animals knew what you know about death, you could never find a chubby animal to eat."

( 745 )

ألا وإنّ وَراء ذلك: "يَوْماً تَذْهَلُ فِيْهِ كُلُّ مُرْضِعَةٍ عَمَّا أَرْضَعَتْ، وَيَكُونُ الْوِلْدانُ شَيْباً والسَّماءُ مُنْفَطِرٌ بِهِ، وَتَضَعُ كُلُّ ذاتِ حَمْلٍ حَمْلَها وَتَرَىَ النَّاسَ سُكارى وَما هُمْ بِسُكارى وَلكِنْ عَذابَ الله شديدٌ"، ألا إنّ مِن وَراء ذلك جَنَّةً عَرْضُهَا السماوات والْأَرضُ، أعاذنا الله وإيّاكم من العذاب الأليم ورَحِمَنا وإيّاكم مِن العذاب المُهين.

1781. عن الصادق عليه السلام قال: قال عيسى بن مريم -صلوات الله عليه-: هولٌ لا تَدري مَتى يَغشاك! ما يَمنعك أن تَستعدّ له قَبلَ أن يفجأك؟

1782. من كتاب عيون الأخبار: عن الرضا عن أبيه عليهما السلام قال: نُعي إلىَ الصادق إسماعيل بن جعفر- وهو أكبر أولاده- وهو يُريد أن يأكل وقد اجتمع نُدماؤه، فتَبسّم ثمّ دَعا بطعامه، وقَعَدَ مع نُدمائه وجعل يأكل أحسن مِن أكله سائر الأيّام، ويَحُثُّ نُدماءه ويَضع بين أيديهم، ويَعجبون منه أن لا يروا لِلحُزن أثراً، فَلمّا فَرغَ قالوا: يا بن رسول الله لَقَد رأينا عجَباً، أصبتَ بمثل هذا الابن وأنتَ كما نرى؟ قال: ومالي لا أكون كما تَرَون؛ وقد جاءني خبرُ أصدق القائلين! إنّي ميّتٌ وإيّاكم، وإنّ قوماً عرفوا الموت فجعلوه نَصْبَ أعينهم ولم يُنكروا مَن يَخطفه الموت منهم وسَلّموا لأمر خالقهم.

1783. قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم: لو تَعلم البهائم مِن الموت ما تَعلمون ما أكلتُم منها سميناً أبداً.

( 746 )

On Undesirable Characteristics

Chapter 1

On Anger

1784- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that God's Prophet (a.s) forbade one to discipline when he is angry."

1785- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Anger is the key to all evil."

1786- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of his noble father (a.s): "The disciples of Jesus, the son of Mary (a.s) asked him: "O' Teacher of the good! Tell us what the hardest thing is?" Jesus (a.s) said: "The hardest thing is God's Anger." They asked him: "How can we be secure from God's Anger?" He said: "You should not get angry." They asked him: "How does anger start?" He said: "Through selfishness, haughtiness and belittling people."

1787- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Whoever gets angry will lose his comfort."

1788- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God will forbid the Fire of Hell to touch your body if you control yourself when you are aroused, afraid, hungry, angry, pleased or unhappy."

( 747 )

الباب الثامن

في ذكر الخصال المنهيّ عنها وما

الفصل الأوّل

في الغضب

1784. من كتاب المحاسن: عن عليّ بن أسباط قال: نَهى رسولُ الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم عن الأدب عند الغَضَب.

1785. ومن كتاب روضة الواعظين: قال الصادق عليه السلام الغَضَبُ مِفتاحُ كلِّ شرٍّ.

1786. وقال عليه السلام عن أبيه: قال الحواريّون لعيسىَ بن مريم: يا مُعلّمَ الخير، أعلمنا أيُّ الأشياء أشدّ؟ قال: أشدُّ الأشياء غَضَب الله، قالوا: فيم يُتقى غَضَبُ الله؟ قال: بأن لا تغضبوا، قالوا: وما بدؤ الغَضَب؟ قال الكِبر والتَجَبُّر ومحقرة الناس.

1787. قال النبي صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم: مَن استَولى عليه الضَجر رَحلتْ عنه الراحة.

1788. قال الصادق عليه السلام مَن مَلَك نفسه إذا رَغب وإذا رَهب وإذا اشتهى وإذا غَضِب وإذا رَضي وإذا سَخَط؛ حرّم الله جَسده على النار.

( 748 )

1789- Some people talked about anger in front of Imam Baqir (a.s). He said: "When a man gets so angry that he cannot be conciliated (and commits a sin) he will enter the Fire of Hell. If a man gets angry when he is standing up, he should sit down to fend off Satan's evilness. If he is sitting, he should stand up. Whoever gets angry with a relative should stand up, go towards him and touch him, since by touching his relative he will get calm."

1790- Imam Reza (a.s) said: "On the Resurrection Day three groups of people are closest to God until the end of the Reckoning: those who quench their anger and do not oppress others when they have power, those who mediate between two people and do not favor either side in the least amount, and those who tell the truth whether it be in their favor or not."

1791- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Manliness does not depend on physical strength. Rather it depends on the ability to restrain anger."

1792- A man told Abuzar- May God have Mercy upon him: "You are the man who was deported. If you were a good person, you would not have been deported." Abuzar said: "There are very hard to cross obstacles on my way. If I can pass over them safely, what you said will not harm me at all. But if I cannot make it through, I am even worse than what you have said."

1793- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Solomon, the son of David said: "We have whatever the people have. We know whatever the people know of or not know. We have not come across anything better than fearing God in public and in private. Nothing is better than moderation during times of affluence or poverty, telling the truth during times of contentment or anger, and being humble to God under all circumstances."

1794- In Uyun Akhbar al-Reza it is narrated that Imam Reza (a.s) said: "God revealed the following to one of His Prophets: When you leave the house in the morning, eat the first thing that you encounter, hide the second thing, accept the third thing, do not disappoint the fourth and escape from the fifth. When he first left the house in the morning, he encountered a big black mountain. He said to himself that God had ordered him to eat it, and wondered how to do it.

( 749 )

1789. ذكروا الغَضَب عند الباقر عليه السلام فقال: إنّ الرَجُل لَيَغضِب حتّى ما يرضى أبداً ويَدخل بذلك النار، فأيّما رَجُلٍ غَضِب وهو قائمٌ فلْيَجلس فأنّه سَيَذهَبُ عنه رِجزُ الشيطان وإن كان جالساً فلْيَقُم، وأيّما رَجُلٍ غَضِبَ على ذوي رَحمِهِ فلْيَقُم إليه ولْيُدْن منه ولَيمسّه فإنّ الرَحم إذا مسّت الرَحِم سكنتْ.

1790. عن الصادق عليه السلام قال: ثلاثةٌ هُم أقربُ الخَلق إلىَ الله سبحانه و تعالي يومَ القيامة حتّى يَفرغ مِن الحساب: رَجلٌ لم تَدعْه قُدرته في حال غضبه إلى أن يَحيف على مَن تحت يَدَيه، ورَجلٌ مَشى بين اثنين فلم يَمل مِن أحدهما علىَ الآخر بشعيرةٍ، ورَجلٌ قال الحقّ فيما له وعليه.

1791. وقال النبيّ صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم: ليس الشديدُ بالصُرعة، إنّما الشديدُ الّذي يَملك نفسه عند الغَضَب.

1792. قال رجلٌ لأبي ذرّ -رحمة الله عليه-: أنتَ الّذي نَفاك فلانٌ مِن البَلَد، لو كان فيك خيرٌ ما نَفاك، فقال: يا بن أخي، إنّ قُدّامي عقبةً كؤُوداً إن نجوتُ منها لم يَضرّني ما قلتَ، وإن لم أنج منها فأنا شرٌّ ممّا قلتَ لي.

1793. قال أبو جعفر عليه السلام قال سليمان بن داود: أُوتينا ما أُوتي الناس وما لم يُؤتوا، وعُلِّمنا ما عُلّم الناس وما لم يَعلموا، فلم نَجِدْ شيئاً أفضل مِن خَشية الله في المَغيب والمَشهَد، والقَصد في الغِنى والفقر، وكلمة الحقّ في الرضا والغضب، والتَضرُّع إلىَ الله سبحانه و تعالي على كلّ حالٍ.

1794. من كتاب عيون الأخبار: عن عليّ بن موسى الرضا عليه السلام قال: أوحىَ الله سبحانه و تعالي إلى نبيٍّ من أنبيائه: إذا أصبحتَ فأوّلُ شيءٍ يَستقبلك فَكُلْهُ، والثاني فاكْتُمْهُ، والثالث فاقْبَلْهُ، والرابع فلا تُؤيِسُه، والخامس فاهْرَبْ منه. قال: فلمّا أصبح مَضى فاستقبله جَبلٌ أسودٌ عظيمٌ فوقف وقال: أمرني ربي أن آكل هـذا، وبَـقـيَ مُتحيّراً، ثمّ رَجع إلى نفسه فقال: إنّ ربّي جلّ جلاله لا يأمرني إلاّ بما

( 750 )

He then thought that God would not order him to do what was beyond his power. So he moved towards the mountain. The closer he got to the mountain, the smaller it became. When he finally reached it, it had turned into a small bite to eat. He ate it, and it was really delicious. He continued to go on until he reached a golden pan. He said to himself that God had ordered him to hide it. He dug a ditch, threw the golden pan in the ditch, covered it up with dirt, and started to go on his way again. But then he noticed that the pan was visible out of the ground. He said to himself that he had done what God had ordered him to and continued to go on. Then he suddenly saw a bird being pursued by a falcon trying to hunt it. The falcon was flying around the bird. The Prophet remembered that God had ordered him to accept this one. He opened his sleeve, and the bird entered it. The falcon told the Prophet (a.s): You have caught the prey that I was after for a few days. Then he remembered that God had ordered him not to disappoint this one. Then he cut a piece of the bird's leg and threw it to the falcon. He continued to go on, and saw a piece of rotten meat. He remembered that God had ordered him to escape this one, and he escaped from it. When he returned home and went to sleep, he had a dream. He was told: "You performed your mission, and did whatever you were instructed to do. Do you know what the philosophy behind all these issues is?" He said: "No." He was told: "That mountain was anger. Whenever one gets angry, he does not see himself and does not realize his situation. If he restrains himself, recognizes his position and quenches his anger, the end is like a delicious bite which he eats. The golden pan is indeed man's good deeds which are better to hide, but God will make them apparent so that he is adorned by them, and he receives the reward in the Hereafter. But the bird is like a man who advises you, and you should accept his advice. The falcon is like a man who comes to you and asks you to fulfill his needs. You should not disappoint him. The rotten meat is like gossip which you should avoid."

1795- In Al-Seyed Nasih al-Din it is narrated that God's Prophet (a.s) said: "God loves whoever restrains his anger when he gets angry."

( 751 )

أُطيق، فَمشى إليه لِيَأكله فكلّما دَنا مِنه صَغُرَ حتّى انتهى إليه فوَجَده لُقمةً فأكلها فوجدها أطيبُ شيءٍ أكله، ثمّ مضى فَوَجَد طَستاً من ذهبٍ فقال: أمرني ربّي أن أكتُمَ هذا فَحَفَر له حُفرةً وجَعَله فيها وألقى عليه التُراب، ثمّ مَضى فالتفتَ فإذا الطَستُ قد ظَهَر، قال: قد فعلتُ ما أمرني ربّي فمضى فإذا هو بِطَيرٍ وخَلفه بازيٌّ فطاف الطير حَولَه، فقال: أمرني ربّي أن أقبل هذا، فَفَتح كُمّه فدخل الطير فيه، فقال له البازي: أخذتَ صيدي وأنا خَلفَه مُنذ أيّامٍ، فقال: إنّ ربّي أمرني أن لا أُويس هذا، فقطع مِن فخذه قطعةً فألقاها إليه، ثمّ مضى فلمّا مضى فإذا هو بِلَحمٍ ميتةٍ مُنتِنٍ مُدَوَّدٍ، فقال: أمرني ربّي أن أهربَ مِن هذا، فهَرَب منه. ورَجع ورأى في المنام كأنّه قد قيل له: إنّك قد فعلتَ ما أمرتَ به، فهل تَدري ما ذاك كان؟ قال: لا، قيل له: أمّا الجبل فهو الغَضَب، إنّ العبد إذا غَضَب لم يَرَ نفسَه وجَهِل قَدره مِن عِظَم الغَضب، فإذا حَفِظ نفسه وعرف قدره وسَكَن غضبه كانت عاقبتُه كاللُقمة الطيبة الّتي أكلتها، وأمّا الطَست فهو العملُ الصالح إذا كَتَمه العبد وأخفاه؛ أبى الله إلاّ أن يُظهره ليُزّينه به مع ما ادّخَرَ له مِن ثواب الآخرة، وأمّا الطير فهو الرَجُل الّذي يأتيك بنَصيحةٍ فاقبله واقبل نصيحته، وأمّا البازيّ فهو الرَجُل الّذي يأتيك في حاجةٍ فلا تُؤيسه، وأمّا اللحم المُنتن فهو الغيبة فاهرب منها.

1795. من كتاب ناصح الدِّين أبي البركات قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه و اله و سلم: وَجبتْ محبّةُ الله سبحانه و تعالي على مَن أغضب فَحَلم.