HADITH AL-THAQALAYN IN THE SHI'AH'S OPINION
That which indicate the Shi'ah's being the true followers of the real Prophetic Sunnah, can be found in Hadith al-Thaqalayn, narrated from the Messenger of Allah (S): "I am leaving behind among you two precious things: the Book of Allah and my Kindered, my Ahl al-Bayt. As long as you adhere to them you will never go astray after me. So don't outstrip them (fa la tasbiquhum), for then you shall perish, and don't fall short of them, for then you will perish. Don't teach them for they are more knowledgeable than you".97 In some other narrations he added: The Subtile, the Aware has told me that the two verily will never seperate until they meet me at the Pond.
This hadith has been narrated by Ahl al-Sunnah in more than twenty sources of their Sihah and Masanid, as has been reported by the Shi'ah in all books of traditions. It shows, as can be seen, very conspiciously that Ahl al-Sunnah have gone astray due to not adhering to these two precious things, and have perished since they have outstripped Ahl al-Bayt, surmissing that Abu Haninah, Malik and Ibn Hanbal were more knowledgeable than the Pure 'Itrah, so they followed them and abandoned the 'Itrah.
For their claim of being committed to the Qur'an, it has no proof as the Qur'an is wholly full of generalities having no details for rules. It bears different interpretations, and there should be someone to elucidate it and an exegete to expose its rules, as the case for the Prophetic Sunnah that requires trusworthy narrators and learned exegetes.
This problem can never be solved but through resorting to Ahl al-Bayt, who are the Imams from the Pure
97. Sahih al-Tirmidhi; Sahih Muslim; mustadrak al-Hakim, Musnad Ahmad, kanz al-'ummal; Khasa 'is al-Nasa'i, Tabaqat Ibn Sa'd; al-Tabarani, al-Sayuti, Ibn Hajar and Ibn al-'Athir. For knowing volume and page numbers refer to al-Muraja'at, p. 82 and onwards.
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Kindered recommended by the Messenger of Allah (S).
When referring to other traditions beside the Hadith al-Thaqalayn, holding the same meaning and denoting the same objective, as his saying :"'Ali is with the Qur'an and the Qur'an is with 'Ali. They shall never seperate until they meet me at the Pond"', 98 and his saying: "'Ali is with the Truth and Truth is with Ali.They shall verily never seperate until they meet at the Pond on Doomsday", 99
it will be assured for us and every researcher that who ever abandoned 'Ali, has in fact abandoned the real interpretation of the Almighty Allah's Book, and whoever abandones 'Ali has in fact discarded truth behind, and followed falsehood, since when truth is abandoned, aonly misguidance is left.
Assured also will be that Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah have neglected the Qur'an and Prophetic Sunnah by neglecting truth incarnated in 'Ali ibn Abi Talib (A), beside the coming true of Muhammad's prophecy that his Ummah will divided into seventy-three sects all being misguided except one sect. This delivered sect being the one that followed truth and guidance through following the guide of al-'Imam 'Ali (A), fighting whoever fought him and making peace with whomever reconciled with him, following his example in knowledge and being committed to the Imams from among his sons.
The Qur'an has refered to them as:
"Those are the best of created beings.Their reward is with their Lord: Gardens of Eden undermeath which rivers flow, wherein they dwell for ever.Allah hath pleasure in them and they have pleasure in Him.This is (in store) for him whom fearth his Lord". (98:7-8)
98. It is reported by al-Hakim in his Mustadrak, vol. iii, p.124 and al-Dhahabi in his Talkhis.
99. Muntakhab kanz al-'ummal, vol. v. p. 30, Ta'rikh Ibn 'Asakir, vol. iii, p.119; Tarikh Baghdad, vol. xiv, p. 321; Ta'rikh al-khulafa', by ibn Qutaybah, vol.i p. 73.
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HADITH AL-THAQALAYN AS VIEWED
BY AHL AL-SUNNAH
As mentioned earlier, the same tradition mentioned in the foregoing chapter, has been reported by scholars of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah, acknowledging it in more than twenty of their well-known refrence books.Thus they have implicity given evidence against themselves of being deviated, as they have never adhered to the Pure 'Itrah, and adopted unsubstantial schools of thought with no warrant revealed by Allah, having no place in the Prophetic Sunnah
The surprising fact concerning today's scholars of Ahl al-Sunnah, after decline and perdition of the Umayyads, and during an age witnessing development of direct communication and prevalence of sceintific research media, is that why don't they think of repentance and coming close to Allah for being with those meant by the Almighty's saying:
"And lo! verily I am forgiving toward him who repenth and believeth and doeth good, and afterword walketh right". (20:82)
If people, throghout past centuries during caliphate time, have been corrected to follow and obey the sultan by force and suppression, what excuse can they produce today, while the ruler has nothing do with religion as long as his throne is saved, vaunting with democracy and human rights that include freedom of thought and belief?
We are left with some Sunni 'ulama' objecting the afore-mentioned Hadith al-Thaqalayn with the hadith ''I am leaving behind among you the Book of Allah and my Sunnah".100
100. We previously said that the hadith "The Book of Allah and my Sunnah "the Book of Allah and my 'Itrah" is a sahih and mutawatir one reported in all the sahih of the sunnah and Shi'ah.
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BOOK OF ALLAH AND MY 'ITRAH OR :
BOOK OF ALLAH AND MY SUNNAH?
This subject has been fully corvered in the book "To be with the Truthful" (Li -akuna ma'a al-Sadiqin), and we briefly mentioned that there was no contradiction between the two traditions since the true Prophetic Sunnah being preserved with the Pure 'Itrah', the Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them). And the Ahl al-Bayt are better aware of what is in it (house), and 'Ali ibn Abi Talib is the gate of the Prophetic Sunnah and he has more right over Abu Hurayrah and Ka'b al-'Ahbar and Wahb ibn Munabbih to be the narrator of Islam.
Nevertheless, more elaborations in inevitable, though leading to repetition, but is beneficial for those who missed reading the book. Our dear readers may be convinced in this debate that the hadith "the Book of Allah and my Kindered " being the origin (asl), but the caliphs substituted it with " the Book of Allah and my Sunnah" with the aim of isolating Ahl al-Bayt from the arena of life.
It should be observed that the hadith "the Book of Allah and my Sunnah " is not to be right even among Ahl al-Sunnah themselves, since they have reported in their Sihah that the Prophet (S) forbade them from writing it (his Sunnah). So if this tradition (of forbiddance) being authentic, how is it possible for the Prophet (S) to say: I am leaving behind among you my Sunnah while it is not written and not identified??! Had the hadith (the Book of Allah and my Sunnah) been right, how would 'Umar ibn al-Khatab have followed himself to respond to the prophet (S) by saying: We are sufficed by the Book of Allah"?!
Moreover, if the Prophet (S) has left behind a written Sunnah, how could it be possible for Abu Bakr and 'Umar to
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burn it, preventing it from reaching people?!
If the hadith ''Book of Allah and my Sunnah" being right, why has Abu Bakr addressed people after the Prophet's demise, saying: "Do not narrate anything from the Messenger of Allah . Whoever asks you (about rules) you should say: the Book of Allah is between us and you, you should consider as lawful which it regards as haram?! 101 And why has Abu Bakr contradicted it in fighting the deniers of zakat, while the Messenger of Allah (S) has said: "Whoever witnesses that there is no god except Allah (La ilaha illa Allah), his blood and property will be immune from me and his reckoning is with Allah"?!
Had it been rihgt, how could it be permissible for Abu Bakr and 'Umar and those who followed their guide among the Sahabah, to violate the sanctity al-Zahra' (A) and assault her house threatening to set it to fire with whomever is inside it? Haven't they heard the prophet's (S) saying in her regard: "Fatimah is a part of me,whoever vexes her vexes me, and whoever hurts her hurts me"? Yea by God, they have heard and comprehended it. Haven't they heard the Almighty Allah's saying: "Say (O Muhammad,unto mankind): I ask of you no fee therefore, save loving kindness among kinsforlk" (42:23), which has been revealed in the right of her and her husband and her two sons? Has loving kindness to Ahl al-Bayt been in intimidating and threating them with burning, and pressing the door against Fatimah's abdomen till she aborted her foetus?!
Had the hadith" the Book of Allah and my Sunnah " been correct, how would Mu'awiyah and his followers and sycophants have warranted cursing 'Ali and slandering him over pulpits throughout the reign of the Umayyads? Haven't they heard God's commandment to ask blessings on him as they do on the Prophet? Haven't they heard the Prophet's (S) hadith: "Whoever reviles "Ali, has in fact reviled me, and who
101. Tadhkirat al-huffaz, by al-Dhahabi, vol. i, p.3.
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reviles me have reviled Allah?!102
If it is right, what kept this Sunnah from the awareness of most of the Sahabah in a way that they ignored it and exerted their opinions in Islamic rules, the act done by the leaders of the four schools, who resorted to qiyas, ijtihad, ijma' (unanimity) , sadd bab al-dhara'i al-masalih al-mursalah, al-istishab (accompaniment), sawafi al-'umara' and akhaff al-dararayn, and other matters (heresies)?!103
Had the Messenger (S) left behind "the Book of Allah and Sunnah of His Prophet" to safeguard people against deviation,so no need would have been there for all these heresies innovated by Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah, as "every baid'ah is deviation (dalalah) and every deviation is in fire " as stated in the holy tradition...!
Then come the rationals and men of letters who blame the Prophet (S) due to neglecting his Sunnah and never caring for it, nor ordering to put it to writing, preserving with safeguard it against perversion,disagreement, composition and fabrication, and then would say to people: " I am leaving behind among you two precious things (thaqalayn), that which if you hold on to, you shall never go astray: the Book of Allah and my Sunnah"!
When those wise people are told that the Prophet forbade them from writing it down, it would be an object of derision, as this being unexpected to be done by wisemen, that how could he forbid the Muslims from writing his Sunnah, telling them them; I am leaving among you my Sunnah? !
Added to this, when attaching to the Glorious Book of Allah the Prophetic Sunnah written down throuhgout centuries by Muslims, we can find it the abrogating (nasikh) and the abrogated (mansukh) specific (khass) and general (aam), the clear (muhkam) and ambiguous (mustahabbah), being thus like the Qur'an.The Qur'an is wholly sahih since Allah --Subhanahu--has undertaken to protect and preserve it, and due to its being written down (maktub), whereas the
102. Mustadrak al-Hakim, vol.iii.p.121 ,he said: It is a sahih hadith on condition it be approved by the two shaykhs, but they have never reported it. Ta'rikh al-khulafa', by al-Sayuti, p. 73; Khasa'is al-Nasa'i, p. 24;al-Manaqib by al-khawarazmi, p.82.
103. Jami 'bayan al-'ilm, vol. ii, p. 174.
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Sunnah includes false and fabricated traditions more than the sahih (varacious) ones. The Prophetic Sunnah is, before all, in need of an infallible man (ma'sum) to indicate its right (traditions) and reject what is composed, as this being infeasible for the non-infallible though being an erudite scholar.
Further, the Qu'ran and Sunnah are altogether in need of a profoundly learned 'alim, aware of all their rules and mysteries, so that he can elucidate for people, after the Prophet's time, the rules about which they differed and of which they were unaware.
Haven't you heard the Glorified Allah state explicitly that the holy Qur'an being in need of someone to manifest it, by saying: "And We have revealed unto thee the Rememberance that thou mayst explain to mankind that which hath been revealed for them". (16:44)? Had not the Prophet been there to explain to mankind that which has been revealed for them, it would have not been possible for them to be aware of God's rules, though the Qur'an being revealed in their own language!
This is intuitive matter known for all people, that though the Qur'an being revealed with the religious duties including salat (prayer), zakat (alms),sawm (fasting), and hajj (pilgrimage), still Muslims are in need of the Prophet's (S) explanation, since he has expounded the way of performing prayer,the amount of zakat, rules of fasting and rituals of pilgrimage, otherwise, people have not been acquainted with all these rules.
So, if the Qur'an, in which is no difference, and falsehood cannot come at it from before it or from behind it, needs an expositor, then the Prophetic Sunnah shall be much more in need of an expositor, due to the abundance of difference that occured in it, and much of foist and false ascription tha afflicted it. It is quite natural or rather rational requisiters, that every messenger should care for the message with which he was commissioned, through appointing an executor (wasi) and a guardian by a revelation from Allah, to
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protect the message against loss after his demise.
Based on this, the Messenger of Allah (S) has prepared his successor and guardian over his ummah, 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, bringing him up from childhood with prophethood morals, instructing him when grown up the knowledge of the formers and latters, singling him out with mysteries unknown for others, directing the Ummah continously towards him by telling them: This is my brother, and my guardian and successor over you. He also said: I am the best of prophets and 'Ali is the best of guardians, and of whemever I am leaving behind. He said : 'Ali is with the Truth, and Truth (haqq) is with 'Ali, and 'Ali is with the Qur'an and the Qur'an is with 'Ali. He also said: I have fought over the tanzil (revelation) of the Qur'an, and 'Ali will fight over his ta'wil (interpretation), and he will verily elucidate to my Ummah that in which they differed after me.He further said: No one can ever be my successor except 'Ali, and he is the master (wali) of evey believer after me. Morever he said: 'Ali has the position (manzilah) in relation to me as that Aron has in relation to Mosses, and verily 'Ali and I are inseperable, and he is the gate of of my knowledge.104
It has also been proved scientifically and historically, and through writings of the biographers, that 'Ali has been the only reference authority (marji) for all the Companions --the learned and ignorant among them. Ahl al-Sunnah's confession that 'Abd Allah ibn 'Abbas,whom they called Habr al-'Ummah,was his ('Ali's) disciple, and acquired knowledge under him, beside ascribing all 'ulum (branches of knowledge) to him (A) are sufficient evidences proving his superiority.105
Supposedly if the hadith (the Book of Allah and my Sunnah) contradicts the hadith (the Book of Allah and my 'Itrah), the latter should precede the former, i.e., mentioning (my 'Itrah) before (my Sunnah), so that every sane Muslim should refer to the Pure Imams of Ahl al-Bayt for exposing to him to concepts (mafahim) of the Qur'an and Sunnah.
But when any sane Muslim adopts the hadith (the
104. All these traditions being sahih in view of Ahl al-Sunnah, and reported and affirmed by their 'ulama', We have cited them in the previous books, refer to al-Muraja'at, edited by Husayn al-Radi.
105. In this respect see the introduction of Ibn Abi al-Haid al-Mu'tazili for his Sharh al-Nahj.
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Book of Allah and my Sunnah), he will verily be perplexed as regards both the Qur'an and Sunnah, finding no trusworthy reference for explaining to him the unconceived rules, or those rules about which the scholars differed greatly, and many diversified and contradictive discourse have been uttered by leaders of schools of thougt (madhahib)
Undoubtedly, if he adopts the utterance of any of the scholars, or follows the opinion of any of the schools, his adopting or following is verily with no any evidence, or veracity of this one or falsehood of that one. Certainly adopting one of the schools and rejecting any other one is but a blind fanaticism and a baseless imitation, the fact about which Allah -the Exalted -has stated: "Most of them follow not but conjecture. Assurely conjecture can be no means take the place of truth".(10:36).
I will cite only one example, helping the reader recognize truth, and distinguish between truth and falsehood.
Taking the Qur'an and reading the verse on ablution (wudu'):... and lightly wipe your heads and your feet up to the ankles" (5:6), we come to understand at first blush that no difference being there between wiping feet and wiping heads, but when viewing the conduct of Muslims we see them differ in this respect: All of Ahl al-Sunnah wash (their feet), while all the Shi'ah wipe.
Thereat we shall be bewildered and doubtful, facing the question: which one is correct (sahih)?
When returning to the 'ulama' and exegetes of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah, we observe them differ regarding this rule, as they report two readings for this verse: "Arjulakim" (your feet) with fathah on (lam), and the second arjulikum with kasrah under (lam) .Then they correct the two readings by saying: whoever reads it with fathah will obligate ghasl (washing), and that who reads it with kasrah will obligate mash (wiping).
Then another Sunni scholar, 106 profoundly learned in
106. He is al-'Imam al-Fakhr al-Razi in his al-Tafsir al-Kabir, vol. xi, p.161.
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the Arabic language, discloses that: Both readings --with fathah and with kasrah obligate mash, as the word arjul (feet) either be masubah (arjula) in place or majrurah (arjuli) on adjacency. He adds that the Qur'an has ordained the wiping and the Sunnah washing.
As can be seen, the 'ulama' of Ahl al-Sunnah have not removed our perplexity by contrariety of their opinions, but they multiplied our doubt by saying that the Sunnah has contradicted the Qur'an. It is far from the Prophet to contradict the Qur'an and wash his feet during ablution (wudu'). Had the prophet wahsed his feet during wudu', contradicting him would have not been permissible for eminent Companions, entertaining that much of knowledge, like 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, Ibn 'Abbas, al-Hasan, al-Husayn, Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman and Anas ibn Malik, with all the Companions who read (arjuli) with kasrah, being the majority of qurra (reciters) who considered wiping as wajib (obligatory). Then all the Shi'ah who followed the guide of the Imams from Pure progeny ('Itrah) have believed in wiping as wajib.
So what is the solution?
Thus we have realized that every Muslim will remain perplexed and suspicious, and without refering to reliable people, he will never recognize the right from wrong, not knowing Allah's sahih rule from the false one
I have deliberately cited this example from the holy Qur'an to show the extent of difference and contradiction, in which Muslim Sunni scholars hit at random regarding an act the Prophet used to do several times a day for twenty-three years, and was supposed to be known by all the Prophet's Companions. But the 'ulama' of Ahl al-Sunnah have differed regarding the readings, using fathah once and kasrah another time, issueing contradictory rules accordinly!
The researchers are aware of the numerous differences among scholars in exegesis and infering rules according to the various readings.
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And if their difference about the Book of Allah being so explicit, it will be more explicit regarding the Prophetic Sunnah.
What will be the solution then?
If you tell us that it is wajibto refer to someone reliable for explaining and exposing the sahih rules from the Qur'an and Sunnah, we shall ask you to lead us to the rational wise man, since the Qur'an and the Sunnah never safeguard against deviation, due to their being silent and having various interpretations, as mentioned earlier in the ablution verse.The wujub of imitating the scholars aware of the realities of the Qur'an and Sunnah, has become an irrefutable intuition, but the difference lies only in identifying those very scholars.
If you claim that they being the 'ulama' of the Ummah headed by the Sahabah, we shall tell you that we observed their difference regarding the verse on ablution and other matters. We came to know that they have fought and charged each other with disbelief, so it is not possible to rely on all of them, but only on the equitable ones,not the falsities.Then the problem shall remain unsolved.
If someone recommends us to refer to the leaders of the four schools, we tell him that they have disagreement regarding most of the issues, that even some of them have regarded basmalah in prayers is makruh (reprehensible), and some have considered prayers as invalid without basmalah. Everyone has been acquainted with the conditions of these schools, that they being the making tyrant rulers, and remote from the message era, not knowing the Sahabah beside the Prophet (S) himself.
So only one solution is left before us, bieng the necessity to refer to the Imams of Ahl al-Bayt, far from whom Allah has removed uncleaness and cleaness a thorough cleansing, the knowledgeable who strive in God's way, that no one could attain their position in knowledge, piety, learning by heart, and righteousness. They are infallible against lie and
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error as confirmed by the Qur'anic text107 and Prophet's hadith.108
They have inherited the knowledge of the Book of Allah after He has chosen them, and the Prophet has taught them all the rules needed by people, asking people to follow them by saying: "The parable of my Ahl al-Bayt is that of the ark of Noah; whoever gets abroad it is saved, and whoever stays away from it is drowned" Ibn Hajar, one of the Sunni 'ulama', explains this hadith in this way: The aspect of the resembling them to the ark lies in that whoever loves and glorifies them, as gratitude for the grace of their nobility, and be guided by their scholars, will be saved from darkness of contradictions. Whoever stays away from them will be drowned in the sea of ingratitude perish in the desert of tyranny.109
Added to this, we cannot find any scholar among the Islamic Ummah in the past or present, from the Companions' time till the present day, who dares to claim of being more knowledgeable or virtous than the Imams of the Prophet's Progeny, or anyone who claims that he taught anyone of the Ahl al-Bayt Imams, or guided them to something.
Anyone likes to get more elaboration and details, can see the books "al-Murajat" and "al-Ghadir". But those equitable ones can suffice with which was mentioned, as the hadith "I am leaving behind among you Allah's Book and my Kindered " being the truth admitted by reason and inner consecience, and attested by the Sunnah and the Qur'an.
Thus it is manisfested again with irrefutable evidences, that the Imamiyyah Shi'ah are the true followers of the real Prophetic Sunnah, and that ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah have only obeyed their masters and grandees, who misled them and let them wander blindly in darkness, drowning them in the sea of ingratitude, and causing them to perish in the deserts of tyranny, as expressed by Ibn Hajar al-Shafi'i.
All praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of all world, for guiding His faithful servants.
107. The almighty's saying: "Allah's wish is but to remove uncleanness far from you, O Folk of the Household, and cleanse you with a through cleansing",
108. The prophet's saying: the Book of Allah and my kindered, if you hold fast to them you will never go astray after me, meaning that the Pure 'Itrah are immune against error like the Book of Allah, since the non-infallible cannot ensure guidance, and that who is subjected to error is in need of guidance.
109. Al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Shafi, p.151.
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SOURCES OF LEGISLATION
FOR THE SHI'AH
Anyone who follows up the Imamiyyah Shi'ah fiqh,will verily see them devoted absolutely, in (taking) all fiqhi rules -except the recently originated ones110 to the Prophet (S) through the Twelve Imams of Ahl al-Bayt (A).
They follow only two sources of legislation: The Book and the Sunnah, with which I mean the first source i.e. the Holy Qur'an, and the second one being the Prophetic Sunnah, upon its bearer be the best of benediction and peace.
These are the beliefs of the Shi'ah in the past and lately, and rather of the Imams of Ahl al-Bayt, of whom no one claimed of exerting his opinion or issueing a rule according to his conjucture.
The first Imam 'Ali ibn Abi Talib is the best example, as when they have acknowledged him as a caliph provided that he should rule according to the Sunnah of the Two Shaykhs (Abu Bakr and 'Umar), he replied; I will never rule but according to the Book of Allah and His Messenger's Sunnah.111
In the forthcoming chapters, we will clarify that he (A) has been all the time adhering to the Prophet's Sunnah without deviating from it,doing his best to restore people to follow it. This practise has resulted in exciting the Caliphs' rage, and people's turning away from him, due to his hardness and devotion in God's Essence (Dhat Allah), and clinging to the Prophet's Sunnah.
Further, al-'Imam al-Baqir (A) used to say: "If we debate with you according to our opinion we shall be misguided as happened to those before us, but we give you an evidence from our Lord, that He has revealed upon His
110. We mean by it the ijtihad of the 'ulama, concerining that for which not text is revealed, as occurred after occulation of the Twelfth Imam.
111. In some narrations he said: "and other than them, I exert my opinion", which is false addition by the followers and the supporters of ijtihad. As al-'Imam 'Ali has never claimed to exert his opinion, but he used to extract the rulers from the Book of Allah and His Messenger's Sunnah, or used to say: We have al-Jami'ah, which contains whatever needed by People even the minute points. This Sahifah is dictated by the Messenger of Allah and written by 'Ali. We refered to al-Sahifah al-Jami'ah in the chapter "Ahl al-Sunnah and Obliterating the Sunnah" in this book.
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Prophet,who in turn has manisfested for us"
In another place he (A) said: "O Jabir, if we were used to talk to people according to our opinion we would have perished, but we disclose to you traditions we have hoarded up from the Messenger of Allah (S) as others hoard up gold and silver.
Al-'Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (A) has also said:
By God we never utter anything according to our desire nor to our opinions, but our utterance is exactly as revealed by our Lord (God). Whatever replies I give you are verily reported from the Messenger of Allah, and by God we never follow our opinion in everything.
All men of letters and investigation are aware of this fact about the Imams of Ahl al-Bayt, as they have never reported from any of them exerting the opinion, or to act by qiyas (analogy) or istihsan or anything other than the Qur'an and the Sunnah.
When refering to the contemporary great religious authority (marji), Ayatullah Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr (may God be pleased with him), we see him saying in his treatise (risalah), "al-Fatawa al-wadhiha": It is necessary to refer briefly to the references upon which we mainly depended in deducing in the outset of our speech, the Holy Qur'an and the Prophetic Sunnah, reported from trusworthy pious narrators, wherever be their madhhab112 (school of thought). We do not see any legislative justification to depend upon analogy and istihsan (approval), or alike things.
Concerning what is called the rational evidence (al-dalil al-'aql), that mujtahidun and muhaddithun have differed as to wheather acting according to it was permissible or not.Though we believe that is justifiable to apply it, but we have never found even one rule (hukm) whose establishment (ithbat) relies solely on the rational evidence with this meaning, but rather, what is established by al-dalil al-'aql, is
112. Here it is proved how the Shi'ah 'ulama' refer to the righteous trustworthy men whtever be their madhhab, which is a good refutation against the claimants that the Shi'ah never trust the Sahabah. While the fact is that the Shi'ah reject the ahabi's hadith only when it contradicts what is narrated by Ahl al-Bayt Imams.
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already established at the same time by the Book or the Sunnah.
As regards the so-called ijma' (unanimity), it cannot be considered a source (of legislation) beside the Qur'an and Sunnah. It is unreliable but only due to its being a means for affirmation in some cases.
Therefore it is confirmed that the Qur'an and the Sunnah have been the only two sources of legislation. We implore the Almighty to make among those clung to them. "Whoever graps them has grasped a firm hand-hold which will never break. Allah is Hearer, Knower".113
So this phenomenon is prevalent among the Shi'ah throughout history, as the only dependable sources of legislation being only the Qur'an and the sunnah, and none of them has issued even one fatwa (verdict) derived from qiyas or istishan. The episode of al-Imam al-Sadiq with Abu Hanifah is quite known for all, when he forbade him from applying qiyas (anology). He (A) said to him: "Don't use qiyas in regard of God's religion, since the Shari'ah (Islamic law) will be obliterated when qiyas is applied on it, and the first one who applied qiyas was Iblis when he said (to God): I am better than him (Adam) as You have created me from fire but You created him out of clay.
These are the sources of legislation for the Shi'ah, from the time of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib till the present day. What are the sources of legislation for Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-jama'ah?
113. Al-Fatawa al-wadihah, by the Martyr Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr, p. 98.