AHL AL-SUNNAH'S CONTRADICTION
TO THE PROPHETIC SUNNAHS
In this chapter, we have to expose generally Ahl al-Sunnah's contradiction to most of the Prophetic Sunnahs, clarifying on the other hand that it is the Shi'ah who have held fast to the Prophetic Sunnah, the fact that made us give this book the tittle: "The true Followers of the (Prophet's) Sunnah".
We intend here to introduce the main matters which manifest, with certainty, that Ahl al-Sunnah have contradicted the teachings of Islam, containing whatever determined by the Qur'an and the Messenger (S) in his holy Sunnah, causing the deviation of those misguided among the Ummah, and a setback for Muslims, leading consequently to the Muslims' backwardness and suffering.
I believe that the reason behind deviation lies in a main factor, being worldiness (huub and al-dunya), as it is said by the Messenger of Allah: "Loving the world is the cause of every sin". Loving the world can be in desiring for attaining to power, the reason that caused the destruction of many nations, deviations of homelands and countries. This was indicated by the Prophet (S) when he said to the Companions: "I fear not that you be polythiesies after me, but I fear that you counted about it (caliphate)".
Therefore it is invisible to study the subject of caliphate and Imamate, or what is called nowadays the system of Islamic rule, which being the great misfortune and major disaster, that entailed calamities, trouble, deviation and perdition for Islam and its followers.
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1- ISLAMIC RULE SYSTEM
Ahl al-Sunnah hold that the Messenger of Allah has never determined or appointed anyone to be his successor, leaving it to be determined by the shura (counsel) among people, to alert whoever they like. This being their belief in the caliphate from the day of the Prophet's demise up to date.
They are supposed to apply this principle in which they believe and defend, but we are told that they have done exactly the opposite. Apart of swearing allegiance to Abu Bakr, which they call as a slip may Allah Protect the Muslims against its evil, it is Abu Bakr who has invented the Principle of crown prince in Islam as he committed the caliphate--before his death --to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, who has, in turn, recommended 'Abd al-Rahman ibn 'Awf to choose one of the fiive persons he nomited for caliphate, with smitting the necks of the opposers renouncing allegiance.
This principle has been applied by Mu'awiyah on assuming caliphate, when he appointed his son Yazid as an heir, who has, in turn, appointed his son Mu'awiyah to succeed him.Thus caliphate remained as inheritance by the tulaqa' and their sons throughout generations, as every caliph would appoint his brother or one of his relations, the process that continued by the Abbasid Caliphs throughout their rule. So also is done by the 'Uthman state Caliphs, till the fading away of caliphate age, during the era of Kamal Ataturk in the current century.
Since Ahl al-Sunnah represen that caliphate, or those consecutive governments represent Ahl al-Sunnah all over the world, and throughout Islamic history. So, we nowadays see some countries like Saudi Arabia, Morroco, Jordan and Gulf states, adopt and apply the systems of wilayat al-'ahd (crown prince) which they inherited from their pious ancestors (al-salaf al-sahih), and all representing Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jam'ah. To believe -supposedly in the
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veracity of the idea adopted by them, that the Prophet (S) has left the affair as shura, which is determined by the Qur'an but they have contradicted the Qur'an and the Sunnah, preverting the "Democratic " shura system.
Presuming that the Prophet (S) has appointed -by a text -'Ali Talib as beklieved by the shi'ah, the Ahl al-Sunnah have then contradicted the very Prophet Sunnah and the Qur'an, as the Messenger is not to do anything but by the permission of his Lord.
Therefore they are aware of the validity of this theory (shura), since it has never been applied or adopted by the earlier Caliphs, beside the invalidity of the crown prince theory, justifying this with the hadih: "The caliphate after me seems that they intend to convince others with which they were convinced, that sovereingnty is for Allah, Who puts it wherever He wills, and that the kings and sovereingns have been appointed by God to rule over mankind, their obedience thus beng obligatory upon all with no permission to revolt against them.
This is a legthy discussion, taking us to the subject of qada' and qadar (fate and destiny), we exposed in the book of Ma'a al-Sadiqin, which we dont itend to refer to, being sufficed with knowing that Ahl als-Sunnah are also called "al-Qadariyah" for believing in this.
We conclude that Ahl al-Sunnah in wilayat al-'ahd , considering it as a legitimate caliphate, not due to the Prophet's ordaining it, or his appointing an heir apparent for him, as this is denied by them but due to the fact that Abu Bakr has committed to 'Umar amd 'Umar to the six men, and Mu'awiyah to Yazid and so on. We are not told by any of their 'ulama' or leaders of four schools (madhahib), that the Umayyad or 'Abbasid rulrship or 'Uthmani caliphat being illegitimate, but they have rushed to announce allegiance, support and confirmation for their caliphate. Most of them
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have even called for legitimacy of caliphate of anyone seizing it with force and supression, regardless of his being righteous or wanton, pious or debauchee, a Qurashi Arab, or Turkish or kurdish.
Dr. Ahmad Mahmud Subhi says in this respect: ''Ahl al-Sunnah's stand regarding the caliphate is to accept the status qua, without supporting it is revolting against it''.298
But the fact is that Ahl al-Sunnah support too, as reported by Abu Ya'la al-Farra' from al-'Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal that he said:'' The caliphate is established by overcoming and subdiong, needing no covenant''.
He reported also the narration of 'Abdus ibn Malik al-'At tar: ''Whoever conquers by the sword till becoming a caliph and being called Amir al-Mu'minin, then it is impermissible for anyone believing in Allah and the Last Day to pass the night without the night without believeing in his imamate, whether being righteous or licentious''. ''We are with that wh cnquers''. So Ahl al-Sunnah have turned to be accoutable for this bid'ah (heresy) -- the bid'ah of crown prince-- as they swear allegiance unto the conqueror, piety and knowledge (whether being pious or wanton). The evidence for this fact is that most of the Sahabah who fought beside the Prophet (S) against Mu'awiyah in several battles, have themselves asknowledged him (Mu'awiyah) afterwards as Amir al-Muminin, recognizing also the caliphate of Marwan ibn al-Hakam, whom the Prophet has vehemently censured and expelled from al-Madinah, saying: He is forbidden from sharing me a house alive and dead''.
They have exceeded the limits and acknowledged the caliphate of Yazid ibn Mu'awiyah, admitting him as Amir al-Mu'minin, helping him in slaying al'-Imam al-Husayn with his household when revolting against him, for reinforcing Yazid's sovereignty and establishing his caliphate. Some of
298. Mahmud Subhi ,Nazariyyat al-'Imamah, p.23.
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their ulama' have even dared to say, that al-Husayn was killed by his grandfather's sword, and some nowadays compile books about the facts of ''Amir al-Mu'minin Yazid ibn Mu'awiyah'', only for backing Yazid's caliphate and condemning al-Husyan, due to revolting against him.
After realizing all these facts, no alternative is left before us, but to admit that Ahl al-Sunnah have contradicted the Sunnah they ascribed to the Propphet (S), which being their claim that he has left the affair (of caliphate) to be determined through shura among people.
Whereas the Shi'ah have led fast to the principle of Imamah through one word: "The text (nass) is from Allah and His Messenger upon the caliph", as Imamah can't be established through a revealed text (nass), and it is invalid but only for the infallible (ma'sum), the most knowledgeable, the most pious and superior one. They never permit to prefer the mafdul (less in virtue) over the fadil (virtuous), so they have rejected first the caliphate of the Sahabah, and that Ahl al-Sunnah afterwards.
Since the same Sihah of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jam'ah, actually contain in express indication to the nusus claimed by the Shi'ah regarding the affair of caliphate, so we are but to admit it is the Shi'ah who have actually adhered to the sahih (true) Prophet Sunnah.
Whether believing that caliphate is determined by shura or by nass, still the right (haqq) be on the side of the Shi'ah alone, as the only person appointed by the nass and shura together being 'Ali ibn Abi Talib. No one among Muslims, Shi'i or Sunni, deresays that the Prophet (S) has refered, in a way or another, to the system of wilayah al-'ahd (crown prince), or can claim that the Prophet (S) has said to his Companions: "I am leaving your affair to be (determined) through shura, so you can elect whomever you wish for succeeding me"
We challenge all the worlds to bring even one hadith
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of this kind, if they don't do, and verily will be unable to do, they are asked to refer to the established Prophetic Sunnah are real Islamic history, in order that they may be led aright. Or do they claim that the Messenger of Allah has neglected this critical and sensitive affair, without manifesting its earmarks, causing thus his Ummah to enter in eternal struggle and blind sedition, tearing thier unity, disintegrating them, and diverting them away from God'd straight Path? Whereas we nowadays see the debauches among the despotic rulers, care for the fate of their people after their caliphate era, embarking on to appoint a successor for them in case of vacacy, so how about who was sent by Allah as a blessing for all the worlds!?
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2- ADOPTING THE SAHABAH'S JUSTICE
CONTRADICTS THE SUNNAH
When going through the Prophet's acts and sayings in regard of the Sahabah, it is realized that he has given every one his proper position, as he used to be angered for God's sake and be pleased for His pleasure. He has also proclaimed freedom from obligation towards anyone opposing God's commandment, as he did in regard of Khalid ibn al-Walid, when he massaced Banu judhaymah, and became angry with Usamah who asked his intercession for the honourable woman who has robbed, uttering his dictum: ''Woe to you seek intecession in respect of one of the limits imposed by Allah? by God, if Fatima bint Muhammad steals, I shall cut her hand. That which caused those before you to perish lies in that they used to pardon the thief if being from a noble class, while punishing the burglar if being from a low class''.
Sometimes he would bless, and be pleased with some of his sincere Companions, praying and seeking forgiveness for them, but would curse those disobeying and neglecting his orders, like his saying:''May God's damnation be upon anyone staying behind Usamah's army'', when they refuted his leadership, refusing to join his army with the plea of his being too young. Other times he would explain to people all facts, preventing their being proud of some false Companions.
Al-Mawardi reports that the Prophet (S) felt thirsty during the Battle of Tabuk, whereat the hypocrites said: Muhammad has the knowledge if Heaven, but is unaware of the place of water. Thereat, jabriel descended upon him, apprising him of their names, and he (S) disclosed them to Sa'd ibn 'Ubadah, who said to the Prophet: If you permit I will smite their necks. the Prophet (S) said: ''No, lest people hould ay that Muhammad slays his Conpanions, but we befriend them as long as they are with us''.299
299. His (S) Saying "Let the people should say that Muhammad kills his Companions, but we should be kind Companions to thm...", has an express evidence that the hypocrits being among the Sahabah. So Ahl al-Sunnah's claim that the hypocrites being not among the Sahabah is totally refuted and rejected, since it is a refutation against the Messenger of Allah, who counted the as his Companions.
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He (S) has accompanied them as indicated by the Qur'ah in their regard, being pleased with the truthful, and angered with the hypocrites, apostates and covenant-breachers among them, vursing them through many muhkam verses. This subject was fully covered in the book fas'alu Ahl al-Dhikr, chapter of: ''Holy qur'an Discloses Realities of Some Companions''.
We suffice with citing one example of the acts of some hypocrites Sahabah, revealed by God, exposing their doers, who were twelve Companions.They have used remoteness of distance as a medium, for not being able to join the prophet (as prayer), building a mosque then for performing prayers in their due times. Are they truly sincere in their claim and aim? But Allah, from Whom nothing in the earth or in the hravens is bidden, and who knows the traitor of the eyes, and that which the bosoms hide, has been aware of their hidden intention, revealing to His Messenger their truth, disclosing for him their hypocrisy by His saying:
''And as for those who chose a place of worship out of opposition and disbelief, and in order to cause dissent among the believers, and as an outpost for those who warred against Allah and His Messenger aforetime, they will surely swear: We purposed naught save good. Allah beareth witness that they verily are liars". (9:107)
As Allah never disdains from Truth, so it His Messenger who used to disclose expressely to his Companions about their struggle over the world (dunya), following te sunan of the jews and Christians completely, and about their turning back and apostatasy, and entering Hell-fire on Doomsday with only very few of them being saved, and so on.
How do Ahl al-Sunnah try then to convince us, that all the Sahabah being just and all going to Paradise, their rules being binding, their opinions and heresies being obligatory, and that finding fault with any of them being renegading from religion that entails death?!
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It is a claim rejected by the insane, not only the sane, and be no more than a false lie uttred by emirs and monarchs, and their followers among the hireling 'ulama' .How can we accept such nonsense while having intellects, since it being a refutation against Allah and His Messenger, an act whose perpetrator is an apostate, due to its opposition to reason and inner conciousness.
We never force Ahl al-Sunnah to disregard or reject it, as they are free in their beliefs, and it is them who shoulder the responsibility of its evil consequences.
But they should not charge with disbelief, that who adheres to the Qur'an and Sunnah in regard of the justice of Sahabah, saying to the benevolent of them: Well-done! and to the evil-doer: You have erred and done bad, the one who befriends Allah and His Messenger, and proclaims freedom from obligation against the enemies of Allah and His Messenger.
Thus it is exposed for us, that Ahl al-Sunnah have contradicted the very Qur'an and the very Sunah, adhering to the dictates of the Umayyad and Abbasid authorities, discarding all the legal and rational criteria.
The strange point, when you talk to any of the Sunni 'ulama' who charge with impiety anyone reviling a companion, and ask him: What prevents you from charging with impiety Mu'awiyah and those who follow his example, in reviling and cursing 'Ali from over the rostrums? Definately his reply will be: "Those are a people who have passed away.Theirs is that which they earned, and yours is that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of which they used to do."(2:134)!
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3 - PROPHET'S ORDER TO FOLLOW HIS HOUSEHOLD,
AND AHL AL-SUNNAH'S CONTRADICTION
We have priviously affirmed that the Prophet's hadith known as Hadith al-Thaqalayn : "I am leaving behind two precious things among you, if you hold on to them you shall never go astray: the Book of Allah and my Kindered, my Household, and the Subtile, the Aware has told me that they shall never seperate until they come back to me by the Pond".
We have affirmed that this being a sahih and mutawatir hadith, reported by the Shi'ah and Ahl al-Sunnnah as well, in their sihah and musnad (Musnad books). It is known that Ahl al-Bayt have been discarded by Ahl al-Sunnah,300 who have turned their faces toward the Imams of the four schools, imposed upon people by tyrannical authorities, enjoying in turn the support and allegiance of Ahl al-Sunnah.
Expanding the research, we should say that Ahl al-Sunnah have, under the leadership of the Umayyad and 'Abbasid rulers, warred against the Prophet's Household .When going through theie beliefs and hadith books, they will be found devoid of Ahl al-Bayt's fiqh, and all their fiqh and ahadith are ascribed to Ahl al-Bayt's including their Nawasib and opponents, like 'Abd Allah ibn Umar. 'A'ishah and Abu Hurayrah and others.Half of their religion is taken from al-Humayrah ' 'A'ishah, and their faqih being 'Abd Allah ibn 'Umar, and Islam's narrator being Abu Hurayrah, Shaykh of al-Mudirah, and their religious judges and legislator are the Tulaqa 'and their sons.
The evidence for our claim is the fact that no existence was t here for Ahl al-Sunnah by this name,but they altogether included the opponents of Ahl al-Bayt from al-Sadifah day, who have cospired to usurp the caliphate from Ahl al-Bayt, beside striving to exclude them from the political arena of the Ummah. The establishment of the sect of
300. We should say that Ahl al-Sunnah have cursed, fought and killed Ahl al-Bayt, after realizing that the leader of Ahl al-Sunnah being Mu'awiyah, who was encouraged only by Abu Bakr, 'Umar and 'Uthman, as he confessed.
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Ahl al-Sunnah came as a reaction against the Shi'ah, who have gathered around and adhered to Ahl al-Bayt, believing in their Imamate as ordained by the Qur'an and Sunnah.
Truth-opponents naturally constitute the overwhelming majority of the Ummah, especially after the seditions and eruption of wars. Added to this, it was infeasible for Ahl al-Bayt to rule but only for four years, represented by the caliphate of al-'Imam 'Ali, who used to be engaged all the time by bloody wars.
Whereas the rule of Ahl al-Sunnah, the opponents of Ahl al -Bayt, lasted for hundreds of years, and their sovereignty and dominion extended east and west, beside having ability, gold and silver. So Ahl al-Sunnah used to be the conquedrors due to their being the rulers, whereas the Shi'ah, led by Ahl al-Bayt, used to be the conquered ones, due to their being ruled and suppressed, or rather homeless and slaughtered .
Our intention is not pronlonging the discussion, but it lies, in fact, in disclosing the hidden facts about Ahl al-Sunnah, who have contradicted the Prophet (S) in his will and legacy, which ensuring guidance and preventing deviation, while the Shi'ah have held on to the Prophet's will, following the guide of this Pure Progeny, enduring on this way many troubles and difficulties.This signs for both the cases emerged since Thursday, the day that was called the "Misfortune Day", when the Messenger asked to bring him the scapula and ink-pot for writing the book safeguarding people against deviation, whereat 'Umar took that dangerous stand in disobeying the Prophet's order, claiming that the book of Allah being sufficient with no need for the 'Itrah. The Prophet would say: Hold fast to the Thaqalayn, the Qur'an, and in no need for the second thaql, and such was exactly his saying: "The Book of Allah is sufficient for us".
'Umar's saying represents in fact Ahl al-Sunnah's stand, as Quraysh was represented by Abu Bakr, Uthman,
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'Abd al-Rahman ibn Awf, Abu 'Ubaydah, Khalid ibn al-Walid and Talhah ibn Ubayyad Allah, who have all supported 'Umar in his stand. Ibn 'Abbas said: Some of them would say: 'Umar said, and some would say: Give the prophet what he needed for writing the book.
It is self-evident that Ali and his Shi'ah have, from that day, adhered to the Prophet's will even if it was not written, being committed to both of the Qur'an and the Sunnah. Whereas their enemies have never applied even the Qur'an which they accepted in the beginning, but when assuming power they have disabled its rules, exerting their opinions, and discarding the Book of Allah and Sunnah of His Messenger.